Monta Loma, Mountain View
Oakwood, Fairview, Mardell Manor
This was the location of an Ohlone village and the Castro Indian Mound, one the largest shell mounds in the San Francisco Bay Area. After World War II, there was a housing boom, and this neighborhood's current housing was formed.
Ohlone village and Castro Indian Mound
The first inhabits were the Ohlone Native Americans and the land from the current corner of Central Expressway and San Antonio Road was the Castro Indian Mound, also known as Indian Hill, Castro Shell Mound, and Secondino Robles. The mound measured measured at 400 feet long, by 300 feet wide, and 10 feet high.
In 1893, Stanford University professors began to "investigate" the shell mound to better understand local Ohlone Native American customs. They discovered this was not only a place to dump cooking refuse but also a Native American burial ground. The Castro Indian Mound showed evidence of cremation and it's thought these cremations were only held for the social elite. The archeologists found a wide variety of items in the mound, including many oyster shells, fishing spears, pestles, jewelry, arrowheads, and among others. Radio carbon dating puts the origin of the Castro Mound around 1460 ± 100 B.C.
In 1989, Stanford University surrendered the collected artifacts and remains from the Castro Shell Mound to their descendants, this includes the remains of 550 Ohlone Indian.
Post-World War II
The homes were built during the post-World War II housing boom, mostly California-style mid-century modern homes by Joseph Eichler, John Calder Mackay, and Mardell Building Company. Originally the neighborhood was named by each developer as they created sections, named "Oakwood" by Eichler, as well as "Fairview" by Eichler and "Mardell Manor" by Mardell Building Company.
The neighborhood has one the best preserved tracts of Mackay homes.
Monta Loma Neighborhood Association
The Monta Loma Neighborhood Association (MLNA) was founded in 1977 and originally served as a "beautification committee". The MLNA hosts several annual neighborhood events, and serves to encourage dialog between the Mountain View city government and the neighbors.
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- Wright, Benjamin (2018-05-27). "The Indian Mounds Memorial Rock of Palo Alto". cymbalinesite. Retrieved 2020-01-23.
Cremation was also practiced to some extent on the Peninsula for evidence of such disposal has been found in the Castro mound.
- Margolin, Malcolm (1978). The Ohlone Way: Indian Life in the San Francisco-Monterey Bay Area. Berkeley, California: HeyDay Books. p. 147. ISBN 0930588010.
- Smith, Cheryl (Summer 2004). "Our Neighborhood's First Inhabitants". Monta Loma newsletter. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
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- DeBolt, Daniel (2011). "Steve Jobs called Mountain View home as a child". Mountain View Voice. Retrieved 2020-01-23.
- "Jobs' Likeler No Eichler, For the record: Steve Jobs wasn't raised in an Eichler—but partner Steve Wozniak was". Eichler Network. Retrieved 2020-01-23.
- The Mountain View 1992 General Plan: City of Mountain View, California. Mountain View, California: City of Mountain View. 1993. p. 101.
- Gullard, Pamela; Lund, Nancy (1989). History of Palo Alto, the Early Years. San Francisco, California: Scottwall Associates. ISBN 9780942087031.
- Margolin, Malcolm (1978). The Ohlone Way: Indian Life in the San Francisco-Monterey Bay Area. Berkeley, California: HeyDay Books. ISBN 0930588010.