Montagu Corry, 1st Baron Rowton
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Rowton
KCVO CB PC DL
|Private Secretary to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
|Prime Minister||Benjamin Disraeli|
|Prime Minister||Benjamin Disraeli
(Earl of Beaconsfield from 1876)
|Born||Montagu William Lowry-Corry
8 October 1838
|Died||9 November 1903|
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Montagu William Lowry-Corry, 1st Baron Rowton KCVO CB PC DL (8 October 1838 – 9 November 1903), also known as "Monty," was a British philanthropist and public servant, best known for serving as Benjamin Disraeli's private secretary from 1866 until the latter's death in 1881.
Background and education
Born in Grosvenor Square, London, Lowry-Corry was the second son of the Honourable Henry Lowry-Corry by his wife Lady Harriet, daughter of Cropley Ashley-Cooper, 6th Earl of Shaftesbury. The social reformer Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury was his maternal uncle. He was educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Cambridge, and was called to the Bar in 1863. He practised for three years on the Oxford Circuit.
Lowry-Corry's father, a younger son of Somerset Lowry-Corry, 2nd Earl Belmore, represented County Tyrone in parliament continuously for forty-seven years (1826–1873), and was a member of Lord Derby's second cabinet (1866–1868) as Vice President of the Council and afterwards as First Lord of the Admiralty. Lowry-Corry was thus brought up in close touch with Conservative party politics, but it is said to have been his winning personality and social accomplishments rather than his political connections that recommended him to the favourable notice of Benjamin Disraeli, who in 1866 made Lowry-Corry his private secretary. From this time till the statesman's death in 1881 Corry maintained his connection with Disraeli, the relations between the two men being more intimate and confidential than usually subsist between a private secretary and his political chief.
When Disraeli resigned office in 1868 Lowry-Corry declined various offers of public employment in order to be free to continue his services, now given gratuitously, to the Conservative leader; and when the latter returned to power in 1874, Corry resumed his position as official private secretary to the prime minister. He accompanied Disraeli (who in 1876 had been ennobled as Earl of Beaconsfield) to the Congress of Berlin in 1878, where he acted as one of the secretaries of the special embassy of Great Britain. In the latter year he was awarded the CB, in the Civil Division.
On the defeat of the Conservatives in 1880, Corry was raised to the peerage as Baron Rowton, of Rowton Castle in the County of Shropshire., which was then his country residence and ultimately inherited in 1889 from his maternal aunt, Lady Charlotte Barbara Lyster. He was a DL and JP for the same county.
Lord Rowton was in Algiers when Beaconsfield was stricken with his last illness in the spring of 1881; but returning post-haste across Europe, he was present at the death-bed of his old chief. Beaconsfield bequeathed to Rowton all his correspondence and other papers. In 1897 he was made KCVO and in 1900 he was sworn of the Privy Council.
Lord Rowton is also well-remembered as a philanthropist as the originator of the Rowton Houses, six large hostels for working men which were much better than existing lodging houses. He was inspired by projects of that kind founded by the Earl of Iveagh in Dublin and at the time of his death was chairman of both the Rowton Houses Company and the Guinness Trust.
Lord Rowton never married. He is alleged to have had an affair with Violet, Marchioness of Granby and also alleged to be the father of Lady Violet Manners, legally the second daughter of her mother's husband Henry Manners, 8th Duke of Rutland. Lady Violet, known as Letty, married firstly Hugo Charteris, Lord Elcho (killed in action 1916) and was mother of two sons, David Charteris, 12th Earl of Wemyss and Lord Charteris of Amisfield.
Lord Rowton died at his London home in Berkeley Square in November 1903, aged 65. He was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, and is also commemorated by a plaque at St Michael's Parish Church, Alberbury, in whose parish Rowton Castle lies.
Styles of address
- 1838-1878: Mr Montagu Lowry-Corry
- 1878-1880: Mr Montagu Lowry-Corry CB
- 1880-1897: The Right Honourable The Lord Rowton CB
- 1897-1900: The Right Honourable The Lord Rowton KCVO CB
- 1900-1903: The Right Honourable The Lord Rowton KCVO CB PC
- The Complete Peerage, Volume XI. St Catherine Press, London. 1949. p. 214.
- thepeerage.com Montagu William Lowry-Corry, 1st and last Baron Rowton
- "Corry [Lowry Corry], Montagu William Lowry (CRY856MW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "'The Late Lord Rowton. A Distinguished Salopian". The Shrewsbury Chronicle. 13 November 1903. p. 3.
- The London Gazette: . 30 July 1878.
- The London Gazette: . 30 April 1880.
- The London Gazette: . 9 July 1897.
- The London Gazette: . 12 January 1900.
- Burke's Peerage and Baronetage (107th ed.) London, 2010
- "Death of Lord Rowton. He Was Beaconsfield's Private Secretary and, It Was Long Thought, Would Write That Statesman's Biography.". New York Times. November 10, 1903. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
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|New creation||Baron Rowton