Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler

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Sir Montagu Butler
KCSI, CB, CIE, CVO, CBE
16th Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man
In office
1933–1937
Monarch George V
Edward VIII
George VI
Preceded by Claude Hill
Succeeded by Earl Granville
Personal details
Born Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler
(1873-05-19)19 May 1873
Died 7 November 1952(1952-11-07) (aged 79)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Ann Gertrude Smith
Children Richard Austen Butler, Iris Mary Butler, Dorothy Butler, John Perceval Butler
Alma mater Pembroke College, Cambridge

Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler, KCSI, CB, CIE, CVO, CBE (19 May 1873 – 7 November 1952) was Governor of the Central Provinces of British India 1925–33, Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man 1933–37, and Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge 1937–48. He was the grandson of scholar and churchman George Butler, the brother of Indian administrator Harcourt Butler, and the father of noted British politician Rab Butler.

Career[edit]

Born at Julian Hill, a grade II listed building in Harrow, London, Butler was educated at Haileybury and Pembroke College, Cambridge.[1] He graduated with a double first, having also been President of the Cambridge Union Society in Easter (summer) Term 1895.[2] He became a Fellow of Pembroke in 1895 and entered the Indian Civil Service in 1896,[3] having come top in the entrance exam.[4]

He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1909.[5] From 1912 to 1916 he was secretary of the Islington Commission on Public Services in India.[6] He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1916,[7] a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in 1918 and a Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 30 December 1919; he was Deputy Commissioner for the Punjab at the time.[8] In 1921 he became President of the Punjab Legislative Council.[9]

He was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 1924 King's Birthday Honours,[10] and was further knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India in December of that year upon his appointment as Governor of the Central Provinces.[11] He was President of the Council of State of India from 1924 to 1925[3] and Governor of the Central Provinces from 1925 to 1933,[12] and during this same time was chancellor of Nagpur University.[3]

Butler did not approve of the policies of Lord Irwin, whom he thought a “weak, well-meaning viceroy” for his moves towards greater Indian self-government. Whereas no Indians had been included in the Simon Commission of the late 1920s, Irwin wanted them involved in further talks, and issued the famous Irwin Declaration on 31 October 1929.[13] Butler, by contrast, wrote to his son Rab (13 August 1930) that “There is nothing like a cut across the buttocks for checking religious emotions – I have generally ordered whipping for the low class people caught at this game”.[14] The first Round Table Conference began in November 1930. The Gandhi-Irwin Pact followed on 5 March 1931, followed by a release of prisoners.[15] Butler had wanted to be an official delegate to the Round Table Conference and wrote of Gandhi (28 July 1931) “All this slobber over him disgusts me”.[16] The Second Round Table Conference began in September 1931, with the Indian Congress Party taking part.[17]

Butler was passed over for two other major governorships. His son Rab, currently Under-Secretary of State for India, lobbied Buckingham Palace and the Home Office for his father to be given a job. He returned to the British Isles and was appointed Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man on 1 May 1933.[18] He held that post from 1933 to 1937, and was then Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge from 1937 to 1948.[3]

Butler and his wife visited their son Rab, then Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, at the Foreign Office on 23 November 1938. The diarist Chips Channon, who was Rab's PPS, thought Sir Monty “a fat little fellow of sixty” but Lady Butler “a grand old girl”.[19] Butler was also Mayor of Cambridge for two years between 1941 and 1943.[3][20]

Butler died on 7 November 1952. His obituary in "The Times" wrote of his “knack in the handling of men” and of how “ardent disciples of the Gandhian cult were turned into loyal supporters through the tonic effect of responsibility for administration”. A memorial service was held at Pembroke on 15 November. The Nawab of Bhopal and the Maharao of Kota State wrote to Rab (who by then was Chancellor of the Exchequer) praising his "illustrious" father. Oliver Franks wrote to Rab that his father had been kind to him when he took over as Provost of Queen's College, Oxford in 1946. A recent Pembroke graduate wrote to tell Rab of the affection in which his father had been held.[21]

Butler's estate was valued for probate in 1952 at £33,413 7s 1d (approximately £850,000 at 2015 prices).[22][23]

Family[edit]

His parents were Spencer Perceval Butler (son of George Butler) and Mary, only child of the Revd Nicholas Kendall of Bodmin.[3][24] He was the brother of Sir Cyril Kendall Butler KBE, Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler, Sir George Geoffrey Gilbert Butler KBE, and Arthur Francis Norman-Butler OBE.[3] In 1901, he married Ann Gertrude Smith, the sister of Indian administrators Sir James Dunlop Smith and Charles Aitchison Smith, and Sir George Adam Smith, later Principal of the University of Aberdeen.[3] He was survived by son Rab Butler and daughter Iris Mary Butler.[25]

His great-grandson, Justin Welby, was inducted as Archbishop of Canterbury on 21 March 2013.

Books cited[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Butler, Montagu Sherard Dawes (BTLR891MS)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ Jago 2015, p.2
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "W. H. Auden - 'Family Ghosts'". Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  4. ^ Matthew 2004, p199
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 28263. p. 4856. 22 June 1909. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  6. ^ Jago 2015, p7
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29423. p. 81. 31 December 1915. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31709. p. 16098. 30 December 1919. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  9. ^ Howard 1987, p.15
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32941. p. 4407. 30 May 1924. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33002. p. 9149. 16 December 1924. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  12. ^ "Nagpur District Gazette". 
  13. ^ Jago 2015, p65-7
  14. ^ Howard 1987, p. 49-50
  15. ^ Jago 2015, p65-7
  16. ^ Howard 1987, p. 49-50
  17. ^ Jago 2015, p65-7
  18. ^ Howard 1987, p. 59-60
  19. ^ Jago 2015, p14
  20. ^ "Cambridge mayors 1940-1950". Cambridge City Council. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  21. ^ Jago 2015, p220
  22. ^ Compute the Relative Value of a U.K. Pound
  23. ^ Jago 2015, p17
  24. ^ "Butler, Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  25. ^ "The Peerage Site". 

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Claude Hill
Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man
1933–1937
Succeeded by
Earl Granville
Academic offices
Preceded by
Arthur Hutchinson
Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge
1937–1948
Succeeded by
Sydney Castle Roberts