Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon PC (4 February 1673 – 16 June 1743), styled Hon. Montagu Bertie until 1682 and Lord Norreys from 1682 to 1699, was an English nobleman.

Career[edit]

Montagu was the eldest son of James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon and Eleanora Lee. Though young not yet matriculated, he was chosen captain of the company of militia foot raised from Christ Church during the Monmouth Rebellion.[1] Through the influence of his father, he was made a freeman and common councilman of Woodstock in 1686, and a freeman of Oxford in 1687. On 22 September 1687, he married Anne (d. 28 April 1715), the daughter and coheiress of Peter Venables (d. 1679), baron of Kinderton.[a] He shortly afterwards assumed the additional surname of Venables. At the January 1689 election, he was returned, though underage, as a knight of the shire for Berkshire on his father's interest. During the year, he was made a bailiff of Oxford and appointed a deputy lieutenant of Oxfordshire, holding that office until 1701.[2]

Despite his age, he appears several times in the records of the Convention Parliament. Like the bulk of his family, he was a Tory, and voted to agree with the Lords that the throne was not vacant after the flight of James II. A member of several committees, he spoke briefly in May on the quarrel between his uncle Henry Bertie and Sir William Harbord.[2]

Norreys stood for Berkshire again in the 1690 election, but the field was far more crowded; Lord Lovelace agitated on behalf of a Whig candidate, Richard Neville, and Abingdon put Norreys in on his interest for Oxfordshire as well.

He was Member of Parliament for Berkshire, 1689–1690 and for Oxfordshire, 1690–1699. He was Constable of the Tower and Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets between 1702 and 1705. He held the office of Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire between 1702 and 1705. He was Chief Justice in Eyre, south of the Trent, 1711–1715. He held the office of Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire again between 1712 and 1715. On the death of Queen Anne in 1714 he was appointed a Lord Justice of the Realm.[3]

Abingdon bought the manor of Godstow from Sir John Walter, 3rd Baronet in 1702, but sold it off in 1710 to John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, who also bought the adjoining manor of Wolvercote from Walter.[4] In 1703–1704, Abingdon purchased the manor of Littleton Auncells from George Bowditch and James Townsend, which he added to his adjoining estate at West Lavington, Wiltshire.[5] Sometime before 1738, he sold the manor of Bradenstoke, Wiltshire to Germanicus Sheppard.[6]

Family[edit]

He married firstly, Anne Venables, daughter of Peter Venables, Baron of Kinderton and Catharine Shirley, 22 September 1687.[3] She was a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Anne from 12 May 1702 to November 1705, when she resigned, and again from January 1712 until Queen Anne's death in 1714.[7] Anne died on 28 April 1715 and was buried at Rycote.[3]

He married secondly, Mary Gould, daughter of James Gould and Mary Bonde and the widow of Charles Churchill, on 13 February 1716/7 at Beaconsfield, and had issue:[3]

  • James Bertie, Lord Norreys (14 November 1717 – 25 February 1717/8), died of smallpox

Mary, Dowager Countess of Abingdon, was buried at St Peter's Church, Dorchester on 7 January 1757.

Abingdon died on 16 June 1743 and was buried on 27 June at Rycote. He was succeeded by his nephew Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The barony of Kinderton was not a peerage, but a feudal barony of the county palatine of Chester.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clark, Andrew (1894). The Life and Times of Anthony Wood, antiquary, of Oxford, 1632–1695, described by Himself. III: 1682–1695. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 148–149. 
  2. ^ a b Naylor, Leonard; Jaggar, Geoffrey (1983). "VENABLES-BERTIE (formerly BERTIE), Montagu, Lord Norreys of Rycote (1673-1743).". In Henning, B. D. The House of Commons 1660-1690. The History of Parliament Trust. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Cokayne, George E. (1910). Gibbs, Vicary, ed. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. I, Ab-Adam to Basing. London: St. Catherine Press. pp. 46–47. 
  4. ^ Baggs, A P; Blair, W J; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, C J; Selwyn, Nesta; Townley, S C (1990). "Wolvercote: Manors and other estates". In Crossley, Alan; Elrington, C R. A History of the County of Oxford. Volume 12, Wootton Hundred (southern) including Woodstock. London: Victoria County History. pp. 313–314. 
  5. ^ Chettle, H F; Powell, W R; Spalding, P A; Tillott, P M (1953). "Parishes: West or Bishop's Lavington". In Pugh, R B; Crittall, Elizabeth. A History of the County of Wiltshire. 7. London: Victoria County History. pp. 198–206. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  6. ^ Dunning, R W; Rogers, K H; Spalding, P A; Shrimpton, Colin; Stevenson, Janet H; Tomlinson, Margaret (1970). "Parishes: Lyneham". In Crittall, Elizabeth. A History of the County of Wiltshire. Volume 9. London: Victoria County History. pp. 90–104. 
  7. ^ Bucholz, Robert. "The bedchamber: Ladies of the Bedchamber" (PDF). Loyola University of Chicago. p. 20. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Richard Southby
Sir Humphrey Forster, Bt
Member of Parliament for Berkshire
1689–1690
With: Sir Henry Winchcombe, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Winchcombe, Bt
Sir Humphrey Forster, Bt
Preceded by
Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bt
Sir John Cope, Bt
Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire
1690–1699
With: Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bt
Sir Robert Dashwood, Bt
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Wharton
Justice in Eyre
South of the Trent

1711–1715
Succeeded by
The Earl of Tankerville
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
1701–1702
Succeeded by
The Lord Craven
Preceded by
The Lord Lucas
Constable of the Tower
Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets

1702–1705
Succeeded by
The Earl of Essex
Preceded by
The Lord Wharton
Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
1702–1706
Succeeded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Preceded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
1712–1715
Succeeded by
The Earl of Godolphin
Peerage of England
Preceded by
James Bertie
Earl of Abingdon
1699–1743
Succeeded by
Willoughby Bertie