|Motto: Five fingers on one hand|
Location in Franklin County in Massachusetts
|• Type||Representative town meeting|
|• Total||31.5 sq mi (81.5 km2)|
|• Land||30.2 sq mi (78.1 km2)|
|• Water||1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)|
|Elevation||235 ft (72 m)|
|• Density||270/sq mi (100/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||01351, 01376|
|GNIS feature ID||0618171|
Originally inhabited by the Pocomtuc tribe, the area was known as Peskeompskut. Montague was first settled by Europeans in 1715 and was incorporated in 1754. The town has five villages within it: Montague Center, Montague City, Turners Falls, Millers Falls, and Lake Pleasant. The Turners Falls Canal through Montague was one of the first canals in the United States, and important in early transport along the Connecticut River, and Lake Pleasant was a prominent spiritualist campground. Turners Falls was a planned mill community (similar to but less successful than that at Lowell, Massachusetts) that developed when the canal was converted to use for power production rather than transportation in the mid 19th century. Between 1974 and 1980, the Montague Nuclear Power Plant was proposed for construction in the town.
Montague[who?] has claimed to be the location of a maple tree that inspired poet Joyce Kilmer (1886–1918) to write the popular 1913 poem "Trees", however family accounts and documents establish the poem was written in Mahwah, New Jersey.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.5 square miles (81.5 km2), of which 30.2 square miles (78.1 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), or 4.14%, is water. Bounded on the west by the Connecticut River, Montague is drained by the Millers River.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,489 people, 3,616 households, and 2,169 families residing in the town. The population density was 279.2 people per square mile (107.8/km²). There were 3,844 housing units at an average density of 126.4 per square mile (48.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.13% White, 0.84% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.56% of the population.
There were 3,616 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $43,194. Males had a median income of $33,705 versus $27,303 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,794. About 9.1% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Christopher Baldwin, illustrator and author
- Rico Brogna, first baseman
- Eric Chester, author, activist and professor
- Cornelia Clapp, zoologist
- Philip H. Hoff, governor of Vermont
- The Howes Brothers, photographers
- Samuel L. Montague, politician
- Isaac Morley, religious leader
- Charles Boudinot Root, silversmith and businessman
- Sidney Root, businessman
- Luther Severance, congressman
- Doug Smith, relief pitcher
- Tommy "Foghorn" Tucker, 3rd all-time for hit-by-pitch in major league baseball
- George Van Horn Moseley, Jr., colonel, United States Army. Commanded, trained and jumped into Normandy with the 502 Parachute Infantry Regiment on D-Day June 1944.
- Canalside Rail Trail
- Canalside Rail Trail Bridge
- General Pierce Bridge
- Montague Center Historic District
- Raid on Deerfield or the "Deerfield Massacre"
- Springfield Terminal railroad bridge, Deerfield
- Turners Falls Road Bridge
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Montague town, Franklin County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- Kelly, Mike. "Did Mahwah's trees inspire Joyce Kilmer's famous poem?" in The Bergen Record (26 January 2013). Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Associated Press. "Doomed Oak Said Kilmer Poem Source" in The Berkshire Eagle (16 September 1963), 8.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Montague town, Franklin County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
- "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- George Van Horn Moseley, Jr.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montague, Massachusetts.|