Montague Bikes

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Montague Bikes
Private
IndustryManufacturing, Bicycles
FoundersDavid Montague
Harry Montague
Headquarters,
Key people
David Montague (president)
ProductsFolding bicycles and cycling accessories
Websitewww.montaguebikes.com

Montague Corporation (commonly referred to as Montague Bikes) is an American company that designs, manufactures, and sells full-size folding bicycles. It is headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Montague Electric Bi-Frame from the early 1990s.

Montague Corporation was formed in 1987 by David and Harry Montague.[1] Prior to the foundation of Montague Bikes, Washington-based architect Harry Montague began making plans to build a full-size folding bicycle that could accommodate his 6'2" frame. He started sketching designs for the bike in the early 1980s and had a prototype (the "BiFrame") by 1984.[2] The BiFrame used the "Concentrus" system, which unites the two parts of the frame with concentric seat tubes, one nested inside the other.[2]

Montague BMW Olympic Bike from 1996.

Montague obtained a patent for the bike design and the Concentrus system by 1987.[3] That year, his son David Montague, used his father's folding bike as a potential business model for an entrepreneurship project while attending Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). With $300,000 in capital, the two launched and incorporated their folding bicycle company as Montague Corporation in Massachusetts later in 1987.[2][1]

1988-1996 BiFrame design and BMW partnership[edit]

The company began selling in the U.S. market in 1988.[2] It also sold bikes in Canada, Europe, Japan, and in Great Britain through a joint marketing deal with the Raleigh Bicycle Company. In 1989, Montague sold around 2,200 BiFrames worldwide.[4] While producing the BiFrame design, Montague worked closely with the Schwinn Bicycle Company, and in 1991 the Schwinn Montague M1000 was first marketed and sold through Schwinn dealers.[5][6]

Beginning in 1992, Montague began producing a line of folding mountain bikes in a partnership with the car company BMW. The bikes were initially sold in Germany and came to American BMW dealerships in 1994.[7] The Montague BMW BiFrame was chosen as the official mountain bike of the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia and was also featured in the closing ceremonies.[8]

Popular Mechanics honored the company with a Design & Engineering Award for its design of the special BMW Olympics Games mountain bike.[9] Other folding bike models Montague developed in the 1990s included the TriFrame tandem bicycle[3] and the Montague Backcountry mountain bike.[10]

1997-2009 DARPA, Paratrooper and X-Series[edit]

Picture of a Montague Paratrooper bike in Afghanistan.

In 1997, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) gave Montague a two-year grant to develop an all-terrain, heavy-duty, folding electric mountain bike that could be utilized by paratroopers. With this grant, the company created the Tactical Electric No Signature (TENS) mountain bike which was equipped with a battery-powered motor that was largely undetectable by ear, radar, or infrared devices.[1] The bikes, which had a new "X-Frame" design, were used by U.S. military members in conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan.[11][12]

Montague Hummer Bike next to Hummer H2.

The first civilian bikes using the new X-Frame design (dubbed the "X-Series") were introduced in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The first two bikes in the X-Series were the Montague CX 21-speed Comfort Bike and the Montague MX 24-speed Mountain Bike.[13][14] In 2001, the company released the Paratrooper military mountain bike, which was a commercial, non-electric version of the TENS bike it had developed for DARPA.[12][15]

In the early 2000s, Montague developed a promotional bicycle, dubbed the "Hummer Tactical Mountain Bike," for General Motors' Hummer line of vehicles. Promotional distribution of Montague-designed Hummer bicycles took place through GM dealerships.[16] In 2008, Montague introduced the SwissBike line which featured the company's first mountain bikes designed for road use, including the SwissBike LX[17] and SwissBike TX Commuter.[18] By 2009, Montague bikes were being sold in 18 countries with 400 dealers in the United States.[19]

2010 to present[edit]

Montague FIT open and folded composite.

The company continued developing pavement-specific bikes into 2010 and beyond. The pavement versions were the first Montague bikes to feature 700c road wheels and a new double top tube design. In 2011, Montague added to its Pavement bike line with the Boston 8, the first folding bike to incorporate the Shimano Nexus 8 speed internal-gear hub.[20] Montague also continued releasing new iterations of their Paratrooper line with the Paratrooper Pro in 2012.[21] The following year, the company started selling framesets as standalone products, allowing manufacturers and hobbyists to incorporate Montague folding frames into their models.[22]

In 2015, Montague helped institute the "Park & Pedal" program in the Boston area.[23] The program encourages commuters to drive part of the way to work, park in one of several designated lots outside the city center, and ride their bikes for the remainder of the commute. It was originally devised by founder David Montague and was implemented in conjunction with the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation and the Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs.[24] The program was expanded to more locales in the Greater Boston area in 2016.[25]

Montague introduced a new folding system called "DirectConnect" in 2016. It allows a bike to be folded using one release on the wheel and one lever on the bike's frame. The company also partnered with Shapeways to 3D print aluminum prototype components for its bicycles for the first time.[26] It also launched several new models in 2016 including the Urban,[27] Paratrooper Elite,[28] FIT, and Allston, the first to employ a belt drive in place of a traditional bicycle chain.[29]

Products[edit]

Closeup of DirectConnec Latch System.

Current Montague bike models use the patented DirectConnect folding system, and are equipped with full-size 26", 27.5", or 700c wheels.[30] When folded, the bikes measure approximately 36" x 28" x 12".[31] Montague has pavement-specific models that utilize 700c wheels, including: Boston,[32] Allston,[29] Crosstown,[33] Urban,[27] Navigator,[34] and FIT.[31] Some models (including the Navigator, Allston, and FIT) are equipped with Montague's "RackStand" which serves as both a rear rack and a potential kick stand when released from the seat tube.[31][34][35]

Montague also produces the Paratrooper line of folding mountain bikes that utilize either 26" or 27.5" wheels.[30] Included in the Paratrooper line are the Paratrooper, Paratrooper Highline,[36] Paratrooper Express,[37] and Paratrooper Elite.[30] Some Paratrooper models, including the Highline and Elite, utilize RockShox suspension systems.[30][36] The company also offers electric pedal assist models, including the E-Crosstown.[38]

Several bike models use an Octagon adjustable steering assembly that allows the handlebar to be adjusted in height without the use of tools. Most Montague bikes also utilize a Shimano drivetrain.[31] The Allston model is equipped with a Gates carbon belt drive and a Shimano Alfine internally geared hub rather than a traditional bike chain and hub gear setup.[39][35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Shapiro, T. Rees (19 February 2011). "A Local Life: Bicycle innovator Harry Montague, 77". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Goldberg, Jeffrey (4 July 1988). "Bicycle Designer on a Roll". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b Skorupa, Joe (August 1994). "Crazy Bout Bikes". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  4. ^ Finegan, Jay (1 November 1989). "The Year in Start-ups". Inc. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  5. ^ Henckel, Mark (30 September 1990). "Here's some ideas if you're shopping". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  6. ^ "1991 Schwinn-Montague M1000 BiFrame". Velospace. 5 November 2006. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  7. ^ Truett, Richard (28 April 1994). "Pedal power new for BMW lineup". The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  8. ^ McCabe, Kathy (4 June 1996). "Olympic Peddling". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  9. ^ Taylor, Rich (April 1997). "BMW Olympic Games MTB". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  10. ^ Pargh, Andy (10 May 1997). "Pedal back to a simpler time on a retro-styled two-wheeler". The News Journal. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  11. ^ Barber, Jeff (11 November 2016). "How the Military Has Influenced Mountain Bike Design and Usage Throughout History". SingleTracks. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Montague on a roll". The Boston Globe. 3 June 2002. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  13. ^ "Foldable, full-size bike makes for a perfect fit". Statesman Journal. 24 July 2000. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  14. ^ Cummings, James (29 May 2000). "Folding bike a is a convenient traveling companion". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  15. ^ Cummings, James (8 July 2001). "Durable military bike is now available to the public". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Hummer Hits the Trail on a Tactical Mountain Bike". Motor Trend. 17 March 2003. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  17. ^ Gottlieb, Jed (28 April 2008). "Cambridge firm's folding bikes pass urban, military test". Boston Herald. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  18. ^ Noel, Josh (28 June 2009). "Packable bike unfolds into full-size ride". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  19. ^ James, Amanda (9 August 2009). "Cambridge bike company makes the fold". Boston Herald. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  20. ^ Hamilton, Dawson (30 August 2013). "Montague Boston Folding Bike Review". Momentum Magazine. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  21. ^ Verducci, Anthony (24 June 2013). "Reviewed: Montague Paratrooper Pro Folding Bike". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  22. ^ Benedict, Tyler (5 October 2012). "Montague Folding Bikes Now Offering Framesets, Gets Fixed". Bike Rumor. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  23. ^ Enwemeka, Zeninjor (31 July 2015). "Park & Pedal Program Encourages Commuters To Bike The Last Few Miles To Work". WBUR. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  24. ^ Annear, Steve (30 July 2015). "Program encourages commuters to drive, then bike, to work". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  25. ^ Dungca, Nicole (18 June 2016). "Officials expand park-and-pedal program". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  26. ^ Von Thron, Lindsey Ann (13 June 2016). "This company uses 3D printing to make foldable performance bikes". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  27. ^ a b Cullen, Andy (15 November 2016). "2016 Montague Urban 21 Speed Folding Review". Folding Bike Critic. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  28. ^ Cullen, Andy (15 November 2016). "2016 Montague Paratrooper Elite 30 Speed Folding Mountain Bike Review". Folding Bike Critic. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  29. ^ a b Vance, Randy (31 October 2016). "Montague's Allston Bike". Boating. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  30. ^ a b c d Zinn, Lennard (8 November 2016). "Technical FAQ: Montague's Park & Pedal lots, folding bikes". Velo News. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  31. ^ "The best folding bikes in 2019". Wired. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  32. ^ Cullen, Andy (15 November 2016). "2016 Montague Crosstown 700c Pavement Folding Hybrid Bike Review". Folding Bike Critic. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  33. ^ a b "The Best Folding Bikes of 2018 (So Far)". Bicycling. 5 December 2018. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  34. ^ a b Strickland, Alex (25 June 2018). "Mini Road Test: Montague Allston". Adventure Cycling. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  35. ^ a b Collicutt, Ross (20 June 2018). "Packable (and Fun) Outdoor Gear That Will Actually Fit In Your Car". The Manual. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  36. ^ Cullen, Andy (15 November 2016). "Montague Paratrooper Express Air Force Blue Folding Bike Review". Folding Bike Critic. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  37. ^ Giddings, Caitlin (15 November 2018). "10 Fast, Simple, Go-Anywhere Folding E-Bikes". Bicycling. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  38. ^ Love, Martin (22 April 2018). "Montague Allston bike preview: 'Performance and portability in one package'". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2019.

External links[edit]