Montana's at-large congressional district
|Montana's at-large congressional district|
Montana is represented in the United States House of Representatives by one at-large congressional district, among the 435 in the United States Congress. The district is the most populous U.S. congressional district, with just over 1 million constituents. It is also the second-largest by land area, after Alaska's at-large congressional district, and the largest by land area in the contiguous United States.
Currently, the district is represented by Republican Matt Rosendale. It had previously been represented by Republican Greg Gianforte, who did not seek re-election in 2020. Instead, he opted to run for Governor of Montana.
Starting in the 2022 midterm elections, per the 2020 United States census, Montana will gain one congressional seat. Thus, the current at-large statewide district will be dissolved, and the new districts will be MT-01 and MT-02.
President George W. Bush won Montana in the 2004 presidential election with 59.1% of the vote, beating John Kerry by 20 percentage points, which indicates that the district leans Republican. However, four years later John McCain won the state by only 2.5% over Barack Obama, and there is a significant Democratic presence in the state: as of 2019 the Governor's office, Lieutenant Governor's office and one U.S. Senate seat are held by Democrats, which suggested at the time that the district could be competitive in future elections. In 2016, Donald Trump won by over 20%, while Ryan Zinke won Montana's single congressional seat by over 16%. Incumbent Democratic Governor Steve Bullock, however, was also reelected by 4%. The seat was left vacant when Zinke was appointed Secretary of the Interior. In a special election held on May 25, 2017, Republican Greg Gianforte won with a margin of 6% and would be reelected by a margin of 5% in 2018.[further explanation needed]
Early at-large district
From statehood in 1889, until the creation of geographic districts in 1919, Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by members elected at-large, that is, requiring voting by all the state population. From 1913 to 1919, there were two seats, still elected at-large; the top two finishers were awarded the seats. After that time, two representatives were elected from two geographic districts of roughly equal population, from the east and the west of the state.
Recent voting history
Election results from recent state wide races are shown below.
List of members representing the district
1889–1919: One, then two seats
|Seat A||Seat B|
|Member||Party||Electoral history||Member||Party||Electoral history|
|March 4, 1889 –
November 8, 1889
|51st||Seat created upon statehood||A second seat was added in 1913.|
|November 8, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
Thomas H. Carter
|Republican||Elected in 1889.|
|March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
William W. Dixon
|Democratic||Elected in 1890.|
|March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
Charles S. Hartman
|Republican||Elected in 1892.|
Re-elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
|March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
|March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
Albert J. Campbell
|Democratic||Elected in 1898.|
|March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
|Populist||Elected in 1900.|
|March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
Joseph M. Dixon
|Republican||Elected in 1902.|
Re-elected in 1904.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
|March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Charles N. Pray
|Republican||Elected in 1906.|
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
|March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1917
John M. Evans
|Democratic||Elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
|Democratic||Elected in 1912.|
Re-elected in 1914.
|March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
|Republican||Elected in 1916.|
Redistricted to the 1st district and retired to run for U.S. senator.
The two at-large seats were moved to district representation in 1919, and remained until 1993, when Montana lost a seat due to redistricting from the 1990 US Census, re-establishing the single seat at-large district.
1993–2023: One seat
Recent election results
The following are official results from the general elections.
|Republican||Rick Hill (incumbent)||175,748||53.01|
|Republican||Denny Rehberg (incumbent)||214,100||64.62||+13.12%|
|Republican||Denny Rehberg (incumbent)||286,076||64.40||−0.22%|
|Republican||Denny Rehberg (incumbent)||239,124||58.88||−5.52%|
|Republican||Denny Rehberg (incumbent)||308,470||64.14||+5.26%|
|Republican||Denny Rehberg (incumbent)||217,696||60.41||−3.73%|
|Republican||Ryan Zinke (incumbent)||285,358||56.19||+0.78%|
|Libertarian||Mark L Wicks||21,509||5.70||+2.44%|
|Republican||Greg Gianforte (incumbent)||256,661||50.88||+0.93%|
- "My Congressional District".
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Congressional Apportionment: 2010 Census Briefs" (PDF). census.gov. United States Census Bureau. November 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Merica, Dan; Stark, Liz (April 26, 2021). "Census Bureau announces 331 million people in US, Texas will add two congressional seats". CNN. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
- "Election Results: Gianforte Wins U.S. House Seat in Montana". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "Montana". Official Congressional Directory: 65th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1917. hdl:2027/mdp.39015022758265.
- "Archived Official Election Results". Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "Official General Election Results". Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Archived from the original on October 21, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "2016 General Election". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "2017 Special Election (unofficial results)". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "Official General Election Results" (PDF). Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- 2004 Election results for Montana At Large Congressional district
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present