Montana's at-large congressional district

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Montana's At-large congressional district
MT-Atlarge.gif
Current Representative Greg Gianforte (RBozeman)
Distribution
  • 54.0% urban
  • 46.0% rural
Population (2014[1]) 1,023,579
Median income 33,024
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+11[2]

Montana is represented in the US House of Representatives by one at-large congressional district, among the 435 in the U.S. Congress. The district is the largest U.S. congressional district by population, with just over 1 million constituents. It is also the second-largest by land area, after Alaska's at-large congressional district.

Politics[edit]

President George W. Bush won Montana in the 2004 Presidential election with 59.1% of the vote, beating John Kerry by 20 percentage points, which indicates that the district leans Republican. However, four years later John McCain won the state by only 2.5% over Barack Obama, and there is a significant Democratic presence in the state: as of 2017 the Governor's office and one U.S. Senate seat are controlled by the Democrats, which suggested at the time that the district could be competitive in future elections. In 2016, Donald Trump won by over 20%, while Ryan Zinke won Montana's single congressional seat by over 16%. The seat was left vacant when Zinke was appointed Secretary of the Interior. In a special election held on May 25, 2017, Republican Greg Gianforte won with a margin of 6%.[3]

Early at-large district[edit]

From statehood in 1889, until the creation of geographic districts in 1919, Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by members elected at-large. From 1913 to 1919, in fact, there were two seats, still elected at-large. In the reapportionment following the 1990 census Montana lost one of its two seats, and its remaining member was again elected at-large.

Recent voting history[edit]

Election results from presidential races are shown below.

Year Results
2000 Bush 58–33%
2004 Bush 59–38%
2008 McCain 50–47%
2012 Romney 55–41%
2016 Trump 56–35%

List of representatives[edit]

1889–1919: One, then two seats[edit]

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
51 March 4, 1889 –
November 8, 1889
Seat created upon statehood A second seat was added in 1913.
November 8, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
Thos Henry Carter.jpg Thomas H. Carter Republican Elected in 1889.
52 March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
WWDixon.jpg William W. Dixon Democratic Elected in 1890.
53 March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Charles S. Hartman (Montana Congressman).jpg Charles S. Hartman Republican Elected in 1892.
54 March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
Re-Elected in 1894.
55 March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
Silver
Republican
Re-Elected in 1896.
56 March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
Albert James Campbell (Montana Congressman).jpg Albert J. Campbell Democratic Elected in 1898.
57 March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
Caldwell Edwards (Montana Congressman).jpg Caldwell Edwards Populist Elected in 1900.
58 March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
Joseph M. Dixon.jpg Joseph M. Dixon Republican Elected in 1902.
59 March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
Re-Elected in 1904.
60 March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
CharlesNPray.jpg Charles N. Pray Republican Elected in 1906.
61 March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1911
Re-Elected in 1908.
62 March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Re-Elected in 1910.
63 March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
JohnMEvans.jpg John M. Evans Democratic Elected in 1912. TomStout.JPG Tom Stout Democratic Elected in 1912.
64 March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
Re-elected in 1914. Re-elected in 1914.
Retired.
65 March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
Re-elected in 1916.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
RankinJ.jpg Jeannette Rankin[4] Republican Elected in 1916.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.

The two at-large seats were moved to district representation in 1919, and remained until 1993, when Montana lost a seat due to redistricting from the 1990 US Census, re-establishing the single seat at-large district.

1993–present: One seat[edit]

Cong
ress
Representative Party Years Electoral history
District re-established January 3, 1993
103
104
PatWilliams.jpg Pat Williams Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1997
Redistricted from the 1st district, and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Retired.
105
106
RickHill.jpg Rick Hill Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2001
Elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Retired.
107
108
109
110
111
112
Denny rehberg.jpg Denny Rehberg Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
113 Steve Daines, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Steve Daines Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
Elected in 2012.
Elected to the U.S. Senate.
114
115
Ryan Zinke official congressional photo (crop).jpg Ryan Zinke Republican January 3, 2015 –
March 1, 2017
Elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
115 Vacant March 1, 2017 –
May 25, 2017
115 Greg Gianforte 115th congress.jpg Greg Gianforte Republican May 25, 2017 –
present
Elected to finish Zinke's term.

Recent election results[edit]

The following are official results from the general elections.[5]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Hill 175,748 53.01%
Democratic Dusty Deschamps 147,073 44.36%
Libertarian Mike Fellows 5,652 1.70%
Reform Webb Sullivan 3,078 0.93%
Majority 28,675 8.65%
Turnout 338,733 52.99%
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2000: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Denny Rehberg 211,418 51.50% −1.51
Democratic Nancy Keenan 189,971 46.28% +1.92
Libertarian James Tikalsky 9,132 2.22% +0.52
Majority 21,447 5.22% −3.43
Turnout 417,916 59.85% +6.86
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2002: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Denny Rehberg 214,100 64.62% +13.12
Democratic Steve Kelly 108,233 32.67% −13.61
Libertarian Mike Fellows 8,988 2.71% +0.49
Majority 105,867 31.95% +26.73
Turnout 340,272 54.48% −5.37
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2004: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Denny Rehberg 286,076 64.40% −0.22
Democratic Tracy Velazquez 145,606 32.78% +0.11
Libertarian Mike Fellows 12,548 2.82% +0.11
Majority 140,470 31.62% −0.33
Turnout 456,096 71.44% +16.96
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2006: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Denny Rehberg 239,124 58.88% −5.52
Democratic Monica Lindeen 158,916 39.13% +6.35
Libertarian Mike Fellows 8,085 1.99% −0.83
Majority 80,208 19.75% −11.87
Turnout 411,061 63.30% −8.14
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2008: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Denny Rehberg 308,470 64.14% +5.26
Democratic John Driscoll 155,930 32.42% −6.71
Libertarian Mike Fellows 16,500 3.43% +1.44
Majority 152,540 31.72% +11.97
Turnout 497,599 74.48% +11.18
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Denny Rehberg 217,696 60.41% −3.73
Democratic Dennis McDonald 121,954 33.84% +1.42
Libertarian Mike Fellows 20,691 5.74% +2.31
Majority 95,742 26.57% −5.15
Turnout 367,096 56.36% −18.12
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2012: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Steve Daines 255,468 53.25% −7.16
Democratic Kim Gillan 204,939 42.72% +8.88
Libertarian David Kaiser 19,333 4.03% −1.71
Majority 50,529 10.53% −16.04
Turnout 491,966 72.18% +15.82
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2014: Montana's at-large district[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ryan Zinke 201,436 55.47% +2.22
Democratic John Lewis 146,474 40.34% −2.38
Libertarian Mike Fellows 15,105 4.16% +0.13
Majority 54,962 15.13% +4.6
Turnout 369,047 54.73% −17.45
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2016: Montana's at-large District[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ryan Zinke 285,358 56.19% +0.72
Democratic Denise Juneau 205,919 40.55% +0.21
Libertarian Rick Breckenridge 16,554 3.26% −0.90
Majority 79,439 15.64% +0.51
Turnout 516,901 74.44% +19.71
Republican hold Swing
Montana's at-large congressional district special election, 2017: Montana's at-large District[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Greg Gianforte 189,473 50.19% −6.00
Democratic Rob Quist 166,483 44.11% +3.46
Libertarian Mark L Wicks 21,509 5.70% +2.44
Majority 22,990 6.10% −7.54%
Turnout 377,465 54.22% −20.22%
Republican hold Swing

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Election Results: Gianforte Wins U.S. House Seat in Montana". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Montana". Official Congressional Directory: 65th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1917. 
  5. ^ "Archived Official Election Results". Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Retrieved November 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Official General Election Results". Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Retrieved November 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "2016 General Election". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  8. ^ "2017 Special Election (unofficial results)". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 

References[edit]