Montcalm County, Michigan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Montcalm county michigan)
Jump to: navigation, search
Montcalm County, Michigan
Giles Gilbert House.jpg
Map of Michigan highlighting Montcalm County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1738 (created)
1850 (organized)[1]
Named for Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
Seat Stanton
Largest city Greenville
Area
 • Total 721 sq mi (1,867 km2)
 • Land 705 sq mi (1,826 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.1%
Population
 • (2010) 63,342
 • Density 90/sq mi (35/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.montcalm.org

Montcalm County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,342.[2] The county is geographically located in the West Michigan region of the Lower Peninsula. The county seat is Stanton, and the largest city is Greenville.[3] The county is named for General Marquis Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, military commander of French troops during the French and Indian War. The county was set off in 1831 and organized in 1850.[1]

Montcalm County is part of the Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 721 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 705 square miles (1,830 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.1%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 891
1860 3,968 345.3%
1870 13,629 243.5%
1880 33,148 143.2%
1890 32,754 −1.2%
1900 32,754 0.0%
1910 32,069 −2.1%
1920 30,441 −5.1%
1930 27,471 −9.8%
1940 28,581 4.0%
1950 31,013 8.5%
1960 35,795 15.4%
1970 39,660 10.8%
1980 47,555 19.9%
1990 53,059 11.6%
2000 61,226 15.4%
2010 63,342 3.5%
Est. 2016 62,974 [5] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 61,266 people, 22,079 households, and 16,183 families residing in the county. The population density was 86 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 25,900 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.83% White, 2.17% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. 2.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.5% were of English ancestry, 22.5% were of German ancestry, 9.5% were of Irish ancestry, 6.0% were of Dutch ancestry and 5.7% were of Danish ancestry according to the 2010 American Community Survey estimate.[11] 96.4% spoke only English at home, while 2.1% spoke Spanish.

There were 22,079 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 105.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,218, and the median income for a family was $42,823. Males had a median income of $32,635 versus $23,645 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,183. About 7.40% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.2% 16,907 29.4% 7,874 7.4% 1,979
2012 53.3% 13,621 44.7% 11,430 2.0% 497
2008 49.1% 13,291 48.8% 13,208 2.2% 597
2004 56.0% 14,968 42.9% 11,471 1.1% 295
2000 55.4% 12,696 42.0% 9,627 2.5% 581
1996 40.5% 8,679 46.9% 10,053 12.7% 2,714
1992 37.0% 8,420 38.3% 8,730 24.7% 5,630
1988 58.5% 10,963 40.9% 7,664 0.7% 127
1984 70.1% 13,109 29.4% 5,491 0.5% 89
1980 56.5% 10,822 35.0% 6,706 8.5% 1,622
1976 60.4% 10,439 38.7% 6,684 1.0% 171
1972 62.0% 9,591 36.2% 5,602 1.8% 285
1968 55.9% 8,329 35.6% 5,303 8.5% 1,270
1964 36.6% 5,181 63.3% 8,970 0.2% 26
1960 67.7% 10,085 32.0% 4,767 0.3% 40
1956 69.8% 9,759 30.0% 4,189 0.2% 33
1952 71.4% 9,946 27.6% 3,844 1.0% 136
1948 65.1% 6,081 32.1% 2,999 2.7% 255
1944 69.7% 7,525 29.4% 3,168 0.9% 97
1940 64.4% 7,633 34.7% 4,119 0.9% 103
1936 46.1% 5,031 45.3% 4,950 8.6% 944
1932 45.3% 5,166 50.0% 5,704 4.7% 533
1928 82.5% 7,691 16.9% 1,572 0.6% 55
1924 79.0% 6,942 15.9% 1,396 5.2% 453
1920 77.3% 6,644 19.7% 1,695 3.0% 259
1916 56.0% 3,894 40.3% 2,801 3.7% 258
1912 28.8% 1,874 21.1% 1,373 50.1% 3,261
1908 69.1% 4,558 26.0% 1,715 5.0% 328
1904 76.7% 5,314 19.8% 1,372 3.5% 240
1900 63.2% 4,826 34.5% 2,636 2.4% 180
1896 54.2% 4,523 43.8% 3,651 2.0% 166
1892 53.3% 3,623 32.5% 2,205 14.2% 968
1888 53.4% 4,480 41.6% 3,495 5.0% 418
1884 49.3% 3,857 48.4% 3,788 2.3% 176

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of January 2017)

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Education[edit]

The county has nine libraries, including the Montcalm Community College Library, Carson City Public Library, Crystal Community Library, Flat River Community Library, Home Township Library, Reynolds Township Library, Richland Township Library, Tamarack District Library, and White Pine Library.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Montcalm County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ https://www.census.gov/acs/www/data_documentation/2010_release/
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ "Community A - L: Libraries." Montcalm County. Retrieved on October 21, 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°19′N 85°09′W / 43.31°N 85.15°W / 43.31; -85.15