Monte Burney

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Monte Burney
Elevation 1,520 m (4,990 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,507 m (4,944 ft)
Listing Ultra
Location Chile
Range Andes
Coordinates 52°20′S 73°24′W / 52.333°S 73.400°W / -52.333; -73.400[2]
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption March 1910[2]
First ascent 1973 by Eric Shipton et al.

Monte Burney is an ice-capped stratovolcano located 200 km northwest of the city of Punta Arenas and south of the Cordillera Sarmiento, on the Peninsula Muñoz Gamero, in the Chilean Patagonia. It is composed from andesite with pumice around its foot,[3] including some dacites with the overall SiO2 ranging 59-66%.[4] The volcano has a small summit crater and a steep northern wall. The eastern sections of the volcano are composed from a ringplain of Holocene pyroclastic flows with possible pre-Holocene volcanic outcrops.[5] On the northwest side of the volcano a small icecap can be found.[6] From 1870 to 2011 it shrank from 22.4 square kilometres (5,500 acres) to 15.5 square kilometres (3,800 acres) surface area.[7]

The mountain was named Mount Burney in honor of James Burney.[8]


  1. ^ Chilean IGM
  2. ^ a b "Monte Burney". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  3. ^ C. Skottsberg (March 1909). "Swedish Magellanic Expedition, 1907-1909". The Geographical Journal 33 (3): 291. doi:10.2307/1776902. 
  4. ^ C.J. Heusser (12 November 2003). Ice Age Southern Andes: A Chronicle of Palaeoecological Events. Elsevier. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-08-053438-1. 
  5. ^ Teresa Moreno (Ph. D.); Wes Gibbons (2007). The Geology of Chile. Geological Society of London. pp. 166–167. ISBN 978-1-86239-220-5. 
  6. ^ Christoph Schneidera; Michael Schnirchb; César Acuñac; Gino Casassac; Rolf Kiliand (October 2007). "Glacier inventory of the Gran Campo Nevado Ice Cap in the Southern Andes and glacier changes observed during recent decades". Global and Planetary Change 59 (1-4): 87–100. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2006.11.023. (subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ Davies, B.J.; Glasser, N.F. (December 2012). "Accelerating shrinkage of Patagonian glaciers from the Little Ice Age (∼AD 1870) to 2011". Journal of Glaciology (International Glaciological Society) 58 (212): 1063–1084. doi:10.3189/2012JoG12J026. (subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle, Volume IKing, P. Parker (1838), Proceedings of the first expedition, 1826-30, under the command of Captain P. Parker King, R.N., F.R.S, Great Marlborough Street, London: Henry Colburn  Retrieved on 2007-10-08