Monte Nuovo is a cinder conevolcano within the Campi Flegreicaldera, near Naples, southern Italy. A series of damaging earthquakes and changes in land elevation preceded its only eruption, which lasted from September 29 to October 6, 1538, when it was formed. The event is important in the history of science because it was the first eruption in modern times to be described by a large number of witnesses.
Volcanologists feared another eruption between 1969 and 1984, when there were again earthquakes and changes in land elevations in the area.
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