Monte Nuovo ("New Mountain") is a cinder conevolcano within the Campi Flegreicaldera, near Naples, southern Italy. A series of damaging earthquakes and changes in land elevation preceded its only eruption, during the most recent part of the Holocene, which lasted from September 29 to October 6, 1538, when it was formed. The event is important in the history of science because it was the first eruption in modern times to be described by a large number of witnesses.
Volcanologists feared another eruption between 1969 and 1984, when there were again earthquakes and changes in land elevations in the area.
^Barberi, F.; Corrado, G.; Innocenti, F.; Luongo, G. (1984). "Phlegraean Fields 1982–1984: Brief chronicle of a volcano emergency in a densely populated area". Bulletin of Volcanology. 47 (2): 175–185. doi:10.1007/bf01961547.
^Del Pezzo, E.; De Natale, G.; Zoloo, A. (1984). "Space-time distribution of small earthquakes at Phlegraean Fields, south-central Italy". Bulletin of Volcanology. 47 (2): 201–207. doi:10.1007/bf01961549.
^Bianchi, R.; Coradini, A.; Federico, C.; Giberti, G.; Sartoris, G.; Scandone, R. (1984). "Modelling of surface ground deformations in the Phlegraean Fields volcanic area, Italy". Bulletin of Volcanology. 47 (2): 321–330. doi:10.1007/bf01961563.