Monviso seen from the Col de Chamoussiere (FR).
|Elevation||3,841 m (12,602 ft)|
|Prominence||2,062 m (6,765 ft)
Ranked 10th in the Alps
|Parent range||Cottian Alps|
|First ascent||August 30, 1861 by William Mathews and Frederic Jacomb with guide Michel Croz|
|Easiest route||South Face scramble|
Monte Viso or Monviso (Italian pronunciation: [momˈviːzo]; Occitan: Vísol; Piedmontese: Brich Monviso or Viso), is the highest mountain of the Cottian Alps. It is located in Italy close to the French border. Monte Viso is well known for its pyramid-like shape and, because it is higher than all its neighbouring peaks by about 500 m, it can be seen from some distance, including from the Piedmontese plateau, the Langhe and the summits of the Mont Blanc massif. On a very clear day it can be seen from the spires of the Milan Cathedral. It has been suggested that Monte Viso could be one of the mountains which inspired the Paramount logo. In Italy is also known as Il Re di Pietra (The Stone King) because of his prominence within western Italian Alps landscape.
On the northern slopes of Monte Viso are the headwaters of the Po, the longest Italian river, the so-called Pian del Re (2,020 m). The Monviso group is surrounded by the Valle Po, Valle Varaita and, on the French side, the Guil valley. The northern sector of the group, from the Punta Gastaldi to the Colle delle Traversette, is located on the French border.
- main part = Western Alps
- major sector = South Western Alps
- section = Cottian Alps
- subsection = southern Cottian Alps
- supergroup = catena Aiguillette-Monviso-Granero
- group = gruppo del Monviso isa
- subgroup = nodo del Monviso
- code = I/A-4.I-C.8.a
Monte Viso is the location of a neolithic jadeite quarry, at an elevation of 2000 to 2400 metres. Its productivity peaked around 5000 BC. The jadeite was used to make cult axes, which are found all over western Europe.
In ancient times the mountain was known as Vesulus.
- McLewin, Will (1991). In Monte Viso’s Horizon: Climbing All the Alpine 4000m Peaks. Ernest Press. ISBN 0-948153-09-1.
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