Montebelluna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Montebelluna
Città di Montebelluna
The church of Santa Maria in Colle.
The church of Santa Maria in Colle.
Coat of arms of Montebelluna
Location of Montebelluna
Montebelluna is located in Italy
Montebelluna
Montebelluna
Location of Montebelluna in Italy
Montebelluna is located in Veneto
Montebelluna
Montebelluna
Montebelluna (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°46′31″N 12°02′20″E / 45.77528°N 12.03889°E / 45.77528; 12.03889Coordinates: 45°46′31″N 12°02′20″E / 45.77528°N 12.03889°E / 45.77528; 12.03889
CountryItaly
RegionVeneto
ProvinceTreviso (TV)
FrazioniBusta, Biadene, San Gaetano, Sant'Andrea, Mercato Vecchio, Caonada, Contea, Posmon, La Pieve, Guarda, Pederiva
Government
 • MayorAdalberto Bordin (LN)
Area
 • Total48.98 km2 (18.91 sq mi)
Elevation
109 m (358 ft)
Population
 (December 31, 2007)[2]
 • Total32,000
 • Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Montebellunesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
31044
Dialing code0423
Patron saintB.V.M. Immacolata
Saint dayDecember 8
WebsiteOfficial website

Montebelluna is a city and comune in Veneto, Italy, approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) northwest of Venice. It has an estimated population of 32,000.[3]

Physical geography[edit]

Territory[edit]

The territory of Montebelluna is largely flat, with altitudes ranging from 69 m a.s.l., found south of San Gaetano, to 144 m, north of Pederiva. The landscape is also characterized by the presence of two hills, including the western end of Montello (where the maximum altitude is, 343 m) and the more modest Capo di Monte (or Montebelluna Alta, or even the hill of Mercato Vecchio, 199 m). Between the two reliefs passes a natural corridor (along which the Feltrina passes), once the original bed of the Piave.

The area is naturally poor in waterways but the water supply has been ensured, since ancient times, by a system of artificial canals deriving from the Piave. These are in particular the Canale del Bosco and the Canale di Caerano, branches of the Brentella di Pederobba.

Climate[edit]

The climate has hot and sultry summers due to high humidity levels, often with strong thunderstorms and possible steps. On the basis of the reference average (1961-1990), the temperature goes from the minimum value of about 0 ° C in January-February to the maximum value of 29 ° C in July-August. The average temperature of the coldest month, January, is +3.1 ° C, that of the hottest month, July, is +23.0 ° C Occasionally snowfalls may occur but of little entity.[4]

Origins of the name[edit]

The toponym is clearly a compound. Monte- would indicate the hill of Mercato Vecchio, at the foot of which the town was built.[5] The origin of -belluna is more discussed: it could be in relation to the cult of the goddess Bellona; or, postponing its origin, it would refer to the city of Belluno which, in the 10th century, had expanded its jurisdiction beyond the Piave thanks to the conquests of Bishop Giovanni. The first evidence of the toponym is in the year 1000 << de Musano usque in capite montis Belluni >>, in 1239 << Montis Bellunensis Castrum >>, in 1245 << Castrum Montisbellune >> and in 1251 <<Montebelluna>>.

Ancient history[edit]

Protohistoric and Roman age The first traces of human activity date back to the Stone and Bronze Ages (Middle Paleolithic). The birth of a real settlement, however, occurs around the ninth century BC. Its development was favored by the strategic geographical position at the mouth of the Piave valley, connection between the plain and the pre-Alpine area. Over time it will become the most important center of pre-Roman Veneto. This information is given to us by the numerous findings of cemetery areas in the localities of Santa Maria in Colle and Posmon. The area continues to be inhabited during the Roman period (from the Romanization of the Veneto between the 2nd-1st century BC until the 2nd century AD). Montebelluna will become part of the centuriation of the Roman municipality Acelum (Asolo). It is not yet ascertained as a hypothesis, much less that Montebelluna was a residential center (near Santa Maria in Colle) or a Roman castra in defense of the Asolo and Treviso fences.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Montebelluna is one of the largest industrial center in synergy with the nearby province of Vicenza. The industries are specialized above all in the tanning, metalworking, electrotechnical, optical, food, footwear, clothing (especially sports), precision instruments, plastics and graphic arts sectors. The agricultural sector is active in the production of vegetables, fruit, wine grapes, cereals, fodder and in the practice of cattle breeding. Trade and logistics developed, favored by the strategic position of the town, a road junction at the center of an important production area. It is a major producer of ski boots. In 1989, it manufactured over 70% of the global output.[6] Outside magazine has characterized it as "The world's leading design center for outdoor footwear." More than a dozen boot and sport shoe brands, including Alpina Žiri, Asolo, Fila, La Sportiva, Lowa, Mammut Sports Group, Scarpa, and Tecnica Group, do at least some of their work in the city.[7][8] A museum of bootmaking, the Museo dello Scarpone e della Calzatura Sportiva, is housed in the Villa Zuccareda Binetti.[9]

IIS Einaudi Scarpa
Municipal library

Culture[edit]

Education[edit]

In the municipality there are numerous preschool, primary and lower secondary schools. The secondary schools of a certain importance for the city are the Primo Levi Higher Education Institute (former high school and scientific high school), the state high school "Angela Veronese" with the three addresses that characterize it linguistic, economic and social-art, the Einaudi-Scarpa Higher Education Institute, which houses the technological, economic and professional courses.[10]

Cultural institutions[edit]

  • Municipal Library of Montebelluna[11]
  • Natural History and Archeology Museum,[12] in Villa Biagi
  • "Roberto Binotto" Theater, in Villa Correr Pisani in Biadene
  • MEVE - Veneto Memorial of the Great War,[13] in Villa Correr Pisani

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "The World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  4. ^ Montebelluna, Ansa VIaggiArt, 2019
  5. ^ "The Montello hill". academia.edu. 5 September 2005.
  6. ^ Zaslowsky, Dyan (November 1989). "Getting in Gear For the Slopes". The New York Times. p. XX12. More than 70 percent of all ski boots produced in the world come from Montebelluna, a town north of Venice at the base of the Italian Alps.
  7. ^ Solomon, Christopher (August 2015). "Montebelluna: Birth of the Boots [Online title: The Italian City That Probably Made Your Boots]". Outside. pp. 56–60.
  8. ^ "Fila Fact Sheet". Fila. Archived from the original on 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  9. ^ "Museo Dello Scarpone E Della Scarpa Sportiva". Museo Dello Scarpone E Della Scarpa Sportiva.
  10. ^ "Scuole secondarie di II grado". comune.montebelluna.tv.it (in Italian). Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Biblioteca Comunale di Montebelluna". Biblioteca Comunale di Montebelluna. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Museo di Storia Naturale ed archeologia di Montebelluna". www.museomontebelluna.it (in Italian). Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Memoriale Veneto della Grande Guerra di Montebelluna". www.memorialegrandeguerra.it (in Italian). Retrieved 10 September 2021.

External links[edit]

Media related to Montebelluna at Wikimedia Commons