Montenegro Airlines

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Montenegro Airlines
Montenegro Airlines logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded24 October 1994
HubsPodgorica Airport
Secondary hubsTivat Airport
Frequent-flyer programVision Team
Fleet size4[1]
HeadquartersPodgorica, Montenegro
Key peopleŽivko Banjević, CEO[2]
Net incomeDecrease €-8.0 million (2019)

Montenegro Airlines a.d. (Montenegrin: Монтенегро ерлајнс / Montenegro erlajns) is the flag carrier of Montenegro,[3] headquartered in Podgorica. It operates scheduled and charter services throughout Europe from its hub at Podgorica Airport with a second base maintained at Tivat Airport.[4] It is as of June 2019 the only Montenegrin airline offering regularly scheduled services.


Montenegro Airlines' office in Vienna, Austria

The airline was founded on 24 October 1994, by the government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.[5] The first aircraft, a Fokker 28 Mk4000 (nicknamed "Lovćen"), was purchased almost two years later in 1996.[5] The first commercial flight took place on 7 May 1997, at exactly 10:30 between Podgorica and Bari, Italy.[5]

In April 2000, Montenegro Airlines became a member of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).[5] In June 2000, the first of five Fokker 100 aircraft was delivered to Podgorica Airport.[5] The airline joined Amadeus CRS on 5 March 2003.[5] In 2004, Montenegro Airlines' pilots were the first in the region to be granted the IIIA certificate. On 2 July of the same year, the airline carried its millionth passenger.[5]

After the Montenegrin independence referendum, Serbia became an international market for Montenegrin companies. Montenegro Airlines had to cease international flights from Serbia to countries other than Montenegro, thus losing the profitable Niš - Zurich line, due to lack of Seventh Freedom policy. In an effort to circumvent this, Montenegro Airlines registered a separate airline in Serbia called Master Airways, but it was denied an operating license allegedly due to Serbian Government protectionist policies. On 23 July 2007, Montenegro Airlines ordered 2 Embraer 195 in order to grow its fleet and destination network. The aircraft being leased from GECAS for a period of 8 years. The first of the two Embraer E-195s arrived at Podgorica Airport on 5 June 2008.[6] The delivery of the first Embraer was followed by introduction of regular flights to London-Gatwick and Milan-Malpensa International Airport.

On 17 April 2009, El Al and Montenegro Airlines issued a joint statement reiterating El Al's keen interest in buying 30% of the stock,[7] but the plan failed.[8] The airline remains a government-owned company and enjoys financial and protectionist support from the government.[9]

After the arrival of the airline's first pair of Embraer E-195s, Montenegro Airlines requested Embraer to change the remaining backlog order to the E-175.[10] However, the third E-195 was delivered anyway,[11] and thus the fourth remaining order was to be an E-175.[12][13] On 6 July 2012, local media cited that Montenegro Airlines has yet again changed the fourth order, this time requesting an E-190LR model. The aircraft was delivered in May 2014.[14] In November 2014, Montenegro Airlines put both its Fokker 100s up for sale. However, by June 2015 no buyer has been found and the aircraft are likely to be scrapped.[15]

In August 2016, it was reported that accounts belonging to Montenegro Airlines had been frozen after the airline failed to comply with a court ruling regarding the payment of debts to the operator of the country's airports. Montenegro Airlines owed the company more than US$15 million.[16]

Corporate affairs[edit]

Business trends[edit]

The available business and operating results of Montenegro Airlines are (as at year ending 31 December):

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Turnover (€ m) 67.7 65.4 67.5 80.7
Net profit/loss (€ m) -10.4 -11.5 -15.9 -2.0 -8.0
Number of employees (at year end) 372
Number of passengers (000s) 580 581 569 644 657
Passenger load factor (%) 68 70 71
Number of aircraft (during year) 6 6 5 6 6
Notes/sources [17][18]
[19] [19] [20][21]


As of July 2018, Montenegro Airlines serves 21 destinations in Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Austria, Slovenia, Serbia, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.[22]

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Montenegro Airlines maintains codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[23]


Current fleet[edit]

A Montenegro Airlines Embraer 195
A Montenegro Airlines Fokker 100

As of May 2020, the Montenegro Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[25][26][27][1]

Montenegro Airlines fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
Y Total
Embraer 195 3 2 116 116 Two aircraft were to be added by summer of 2020.[28]
Fokker 100 1 102 102 To be phased out by the end of 2020.[28]
Total 4 2

Historical fleet[edit]

The airline previously operated the following aircraft:[citation needed]

Montenegro Airlines fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Embraer 190 1 2014 2017 Returned to lessor.
Fokker 100 4 2004 2017 Currently in the process of being sold for parts.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 25 January 2005 at about 11 p.m., a Montenegro Airlines Fokker 100 (YU-AOM) ran off the side of the runway during a night landing in snowy conditions at Podgorica. The nosegear collapsed and the airplane skidded for about 700 meters before coming to rest. Two passengers, the pilot, and the co-pilot sustained minor injuries.[29] The airline was sued by passengers, as it was the only airline to operate flights to Podgorica that evening (other airlines canceled flights due to insufficient ice clearance technology at Podgorica Airport).
  • On 7 January 2008, at about 9:30 pm, a Montenegro Airlines Fokker 100 (4O-AOK) was shot at while landing at Podgorica Airport. A routine inspection of the aircraft led to the discovery of a bullet hole in the aircraft's tail. The aircraft was carrying 20 passengers, but no one was injured. The reason for the incident is unknown; however, reports indicate that it may have been an inadvertent result of guns being fired during celebrations for Orthodox Christmas.[30]


  1. ^ a b "Montenegro Airlines prepares for service resumption". May 24, 2020. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  2. ^ "New CEO of Montenegro Airlines appointed". Montenegro Airlines. 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
  3. ^ "Flag carriers of the former Yugoslavia urged to unite". Centre for Aviation. 10 April 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  4. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-10. p. 52.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Istorijat". Montenegro Airlines. Archived from the original on 2012-10-01. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  6. ^ [1] Archived October 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "El Al conducting talks to buy Montenegro Airlines stake - Israel News | Haaretz Daily Newspaper". Reuters. 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  8. ^ "EX-YU aviation news: El Al dumps Montenegro plans". 2009-09-09. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  9. ^ "Montenegro erlajns na izdisaju, država jedini spas - Vijesti online". 2012-04-28. Archived from the original on 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  10. ^ "EX-YU aviation news: Montenegro Airlines changes aircraft order". 2009-05-29. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  11. ^ "Photos: Embraer ERJ-190-200LR 195LR Aircraft Pictures". 2010-07-19. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  12. ^ "Dan online - Ekonomija: Đurišić naručio četvrti "embraer" - 2011-05-12". 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  13. ^ "Naručen četvrti Embraer". Aviokarte.Hr. 2012-10-03. Archived from the original on 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  14. ^ "M.Erlajns dobio novi avion". Radio Televizija Crne Gore. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  15. ^ - Montenegro Airlines pulls Fokker 100s off market 19 June 2015
  16. ^ - Montenegro Airlines accounts frozen over ACG debts 12 August 2016
  17. ^ a b "Montenegro Airlines posts biggest loss in history". April 25, 2017. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  18. ^ a b "Montenegro Airlines achieved two and a half times better business results in 2017 than in 2016". Montenegro Airlines. April 29, 2018. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d "Montenegro Airlines best year". Montenegro Airlines. December 28, 2018. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  20. ^ "Jubilee MA in the sign of a new record (in Montenegrin)". Montenegro Airlines. January 13, 2020. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  21. ^ "Montenegro Airlines posts €8 million loss in 2019". May 3, 2020. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  22. ^ - Destinations retrieved 12. July 2018
  23. ^ "Profile on Montenegro Airlines". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-11-02. Retrieved 2016-11-02.
  24. ^ "Arabian Aerospace - Etihad Airways and Montenegro Airlines sign codeshare agreement".
  25. ^ Montenegro Airlines Fleet (official website)
  26. ^ "Global Airline Guide 2019 (Part One)". Airliner World (October 2019): 21.
  27. ^ "Montenegro Airlines Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  28. ^ a b Alen Šćurić (14 November 2019). "Montenegro airlines nabavlja Embraer E195 do travnja (aprila) 2020". Tango Six. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  29. ^ "Aviation Safety Network > News > News selection". 2008-03-20. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  30. ^ "All Balkans Home". Balkan Insight. 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2012-10-07.

External links[edit]

Media related to Montenegro Airlines at Wikimedia Commons