Since Montenegro became an independent state on 21 May 2006, the nation has taken part in the Eurovision Song Contest. The country made its solo debut in the 2007 contest and so far has only managed poor results with only qualifying once for the grand final but it contributed for some rather good results for Ex-Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro managing 4th and 7th place. 2009 saw the country's second best result to date finishing 11th place in the first semi-final but it still was not enough to secure them a place in the final.
In November 2009 RTCG announced that Montenegro would withdraw from the 2010 contest, due to financial difficulties at the broadcaster.
RTCG submitted an application for the 2011 contest, which was held in Düsseldorf, Germany. The potential representative for Montenegro would have been required to find sponsors to fund their participation in Germany themselves, but in December 2010 Montenegro decided not to participate in the contest on financial grounds. On 20 November 2011 the head of RTCG revealed that Montenegro would participate in the 2012 contest to be held in Baku; he also went on to say that he saw Montenegro at every Eurovision Song Contest to come.
For the next years after 2007, Montenegro have been starting the first semi-final for three years in a row until 2013 when they were allocated to the second half of the first semi-final.
In 2014, Montenegro qualified for the Grand Final for the first time in its history with Sergej Ćetković's "Moj svijet". In 2015, they qualified for the second time with Knez's "Adio".