Monterey Jack

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Monterey Jack
Vella Cheese Young Jack.jpg
Country of origin United States
Region California
Town Monterey
Source of milk Cows
Texture Semihard, creamy
Aging time 1-6 months
Commons page Related media on Wikimedia Commons

Monterey Jack (sometimes shortened simply to Jack cheese) is an American semihard cheese, customarily white,[1] made using cow's milk. It is commonly sold by itself, or mixed with Colby to make a marbled cheese known as Colby-Jack (or Co-Jack).[2] Cheddar-Jack (mixed with a yellow cheddar) and Pepper Jack (mixed with chili peppers) varieties are also available.

In its earliest form, Monterey Jack was made by the Mexican Franciscan friars of Monterey, California, during the 18th century.[3] Californian businessman David Jack sold the cheese commercially. He produced a mild, white cheese, which came to be known as "Jack's Cheese", and eventually "Monterey Jack".[4]

A common misspelling is "Monterrey" Jack, presumably in confusion with the Mexican city of Monterrey.


Most of the softer types generally found in American markets are aged for only one month, while another variety, Dry Jack, is aged for up to six months.[5]


Dry Jack, shown with plums, pomegranate and roasted almonds

An aged version of this cheese, known as Dry Monterey Jack, can be grated and used much like Parmesan cheese.[6] Dry Jack was originally created by accident in 1915 when a San Francisco cheese wholesaler stored and forgot a number of wheels of fresh Jack cheese.[7] When shipments of hard cheese from Europe were subsequently interrupted as World War I intensified, he rediscovered the stored Jack, which had become a well-aged hard cheese his customers found to be a good substitute for classic, aged hard cheeses such as Parmesan.[7]

Pepper Jack cheese is a derivative of Monterey Jack that is flavored with spicy chili peppers, as well as various peppers and herbs.[8] Pepper Jack is often used as an alternative cheese in dishes such as quesadillas, but can be eaten with bread or crackers as a snack. Other versions are flavored with garlic or pesto, though they are less common than pepper Jack.

Health impact[edit]

Because of its low content of tyramine, an organic compound thought to be associated with headaches,[9] it is frequently recommended as one of the few cheeses that is safe to eat for migraine sufferers.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brown, Robert Carlton. "The Complete Book of Cheese, Chapter 4: "American Cheddars". Gramercy Publishing Company: New York. Monterey Jack is a stirred curd Cheddar without any annatto coloring. It is sweeter than most and milder when young 
  2. ^ Wisconsin Cheese: Colby-Monterey Jack. Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board.
  3. ^ FWx (ed.). "The Tragic Way Monterey Jack Cheese Got Its Name". Food & Wine. In 1769, Spanish Franciscan Father Junipero Serra ... founded the first California Catholic mission in present-day San Diego. A year later, the second mission was founded at Monterey Bay 
  4. ^ Feldman, David (2006). Why do Pirates Love Parrots? An Imponderables Books. New York: Collins. pp. 53–55. ISBN 0-06-088842-3. 
  5. ^ Fabricant, Florence (May 10, 2000). "The Riches of Spain: Its Cheese; A New Appetite In America". Mahon, a cow's milk cheese from the island of Menorca, with an orange rind, has the kind of nuttiness with buttery overtones you might associate with aged Monterey Jack and is good used just the same way. 
  6. ^ "Dry Jack". Retrieved 2015-02-26. 
  7. ^ a b Sarah Koops Vanderveen, Special to The Chronicle (1995-09-27). "Dry Monterey Jack Cheese: What's Old Is New Again - SFGate". Retrieved 2015-02-26. 
  8. ^ "Pepper Jack". Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Headaches from Food: The Connection". 2005-03-29. Retrieved 2015-02-26. 

External links[edit]