Partial view of Montes Claros
Location in Minas Gerais state
|Mesoregion||Norte de Minas|
|• Mayor||Humberto Guimarães Souto (PPS)|
|• Total||3,568.941 km2 (1,377.976 sq mi)|
|Elevation||678 m (2,224 ft)|
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BRT/BRST (UTC-3/-2)|
Montes Claros is a city located in northern Minas Gerais state, in Brazil. The population is 394,350 (2015 est.) in an area of 3569 km². It was made a seat of a municipality in 1831 and attained city status in 1857.
Darcy Ribeiro, a renowned Brazilian anthropologist, was born in Montes Claros.
- North: São João da Ponte
- Northeast: Capitão Enéas
- East: Francisco Sá
- Southeast: Juramento, Glaucilândia
- South: Bocaiúva
- Southwest: Claro dos Poções
- West: São João da Lagoa, Coração de Jesus
- Northwest: Mirabela, Patis
Microregion of Montes Claros
Montes Claros is also a statistical microregion (number 36) consisting of 22 municipalities: Brasília de Minas, Campo Azul, Capitão Enéas, Claro dos Poções, Coração de Jesus, Francisco Sá, Glaucilândia, Ibiracatu, Japonvar, Juramento, Lontra, Luislândia, Mirabela, Montes Claros, Patis, Ponto Chique, São João da Lagoa, São João da Ponte, São João do Pacuí, Ubaí, Varzelândia, and Verdelândia. The population was 501,480 in 2000 and the area was 22,322.10 km². See Citybrazil
It is 418 km. from the capital, Belo Horizonte, and is connected by the following highways:
- BR 135 – Bocaiúva/Januária
- BR 365 – Pirapora/Uberlândia
- BR 251 – Rio-Bahia/Salinas/Coração de Jesus
- BR 122 – Janaúba
The history of the city is relatively old in Brazilian terms. It began with adventurers moving north from the coast in search of diamonds and gold in the streams. In 1707 the first ranches appeared and a small village took root: Arraial de Formigas. In 1810 the town was made a bishopric. In 1831 the town had grown and become Vila de Montes Claros de Formigas. By 1857, Vila Montes Claros de Formigas had around 2,000 inhabitants and became the city of Montes Claros.
- Primary sector:
Producer of dairy and beef cattle, followed by agriculture: beans, corn, manioc, cotton, and irrigated rice.
- Secondary sector:
The industrial sector began to increase with the arrival of electric power in 1965 and the participation of the government agency SUDENE in the industrial development of the region. Today industry is the main activity in the city. The factories installed are, among others, the largest factory of condensed milk in the world (Nestlé), one of the three factories of insulin in Latin America (BIOBRAS now Novo Nordisk Produção Farmacêutica do Brasil), a modern textile factory (COTENOR), and the seventh largest cement factory in Brazil (LAFARGE BRASIL)
Montes Claros is also recognized nationally as the capital of Carne de Sol, a local jerky-like dry beef and Arroz com Pequi, a very popular meal that is made of rice and Pequi. According to CAGED (Cadastro Geral de Empregados e Desempregados), Montes Claros is ranked #3 in the list of the cities of the state of Minas Gerais in number of employed people, only behind Belo Horizonte and Uberlândia.
Education and Health
Several higher education institutions are located in Montes Claros. There are three public universities: Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros (Unimontes), Instituto Federal do Norte de Minas Gerais (IFNMG) and a campus of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), and five private colleges:Universidade Norte do Paraná (Unopar), Faculdades Pitágoras, Faculdades Unidas do Norte de Minas (FUNORTE), Faculdade de Ciência e Tecnologia de Montes Claros (Facit), Faculdade de Saúde Ibituruna, and Faculdades Santo Agostinho.
In 2005 there were 1 public and 2 private hospitals with 996 beds. There were also 62 public and 78 private clinics.
Mário Ribeiro Airport has a runway with capability to receive planes as large as Boeing 737. It has a navigation system and a rescue and fire combat system. There are 8 daily flights to Belo Horizonte.
Municipal Human Development Index
- MHDI: .784 (2000)
- State ranking: 102 out of 853 municipalities
- National ranking: 968 out of 5,138 municipalities
- Life expectancy: 72
- Literacy rate: 90 For the complete list see Frigoletto
Montes Claros has innumerous caves and 164 cataloged archaeological sites, among which the most important are the caves of Lapa Grande, where there is an underground river with a length of more than one kilometers. Lapa Grande is located in the Serra da Vieira, 12 kilometers from Montes Claros.
In the city itself there are several large parks, among which the most important are Parque Municipal Milton Prates, with a lake and zoo. In the rural area there is Parque Sapucaia, a forest reserve and Parque Guimarães Rosa along the banks of the Córrego Carrapato.
The first explorers arrived in this region during the eighteenth century. It was the Espinosa-Navarro expedition, made up of 12 Portuguese and Spanish. The region was then inhabited by the Anais and Tapuias Amerindians. Others returned to settle the area and they formed three great ranches: Jaiba, Olhos d'Água and Montes Claros. In 1707, Antônio Gonçalves Figueira obtained the land that constituted the ranch of Montes Claros. In order to get his cattle to market Figueira opened up roads to Tranqueiras in Bahia and to the São Francisco River Soon the Fazenda de Montes Claros became the greatest producer of cattle in the north of Minas Gerais.
The first settlement, founded in 1738, was called Arraial de Formigas, later Arraial de Nossa Senhora da Conceição and São José de Formigas, Vila de Montes Claros de Formigas and lastly the city of Montes Claros.
In 1831 the arraial became a vila and was called Montes Claros de Formigas. In 1847 the first doctor arrived and set up practice. In 1857 the vila had around 2,000 inhabitants and became a city, dropping the name of "formigas" (ants).
Important historical dates
- 1910: Creation of the bishopric
- 1912: The first telephone installed
- 1914: The first cinema (Cinema Recreio)
- 1917: Electricity arrives
- 1920: The first automobile arrives
- 1926: The railroad arrives
- 1938: Drinking water system
- 1956: Connection to the national telephone system
- "Área territorial oficial" [Official Territorial Area] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). 2002-10-10. Retrieved 2014-12-03.
- "Estimativas de população para 1º de julho de 2014" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved 2014-12-03.
- "IBGE - Cidades@". O Brasil Município por Município. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved 2015-05-27.
- "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" [Ranking of HDI-M of Brazilian Municipalities] (PDF) (in Portuguese). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2010. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística