View of the Montes Universales near Guadalaviar town
|Elevation||1,935 m (6,348 ft)|
|Listing||List of mountains in Aragon|
|Location||Sierra de Albarracín Comarca, Aragon|
|Parent range||Iberian System, Southern zone|
|Mountain type||Karstic (Mesozoic)|
|Easiest route||From the towns of Guadalaviar or Villar del Cobo|
Montes Universales is a 32 km (20 mi) long mountain range in the southeastern end of the Iberian System. Its highest point is the 1,935 m high summit known as Caimodorro. The 1,830 m high Muela de San Juan is another important peak.
The range is aligned in a NW - SE direction and is not as high as neighboring mountain ranges. It is, however, very significant from the hydrographic point of view for important rivers of the Iberian Peninsula have their source in these mountains, which divide the Atlantic from the Mediterranean watershed. Among the Iberian rivers that originate in the Montes Universales the most important are Tagus on the western slopes, and the Túria, Cabriel and Xúquer on the eastern.
The Montes Universales limit on the northeast with the paleozoic massifs of Caimodorro and Loma Alta, in the southeast with the Serranía de Cuenca and with the Sierra de Jabalón and the Túria Valley in the east.
Flora and fauna
Radiocarbon samples from Ojos del Tremedal show that birches, now almost absent from these mountains, were very common in the Montes Universales during the ice age around 9,600 years ago. Signs of human interference with the vegetation have been detected beginning from about 3,500 years before.
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