Meuse-Argonne American Memorial
|Meuse-Argonne American Memorial|
Montfaucon American Monument
|Monument Américain de Montfaucon|
|American Battle Monuments Commission|
Main façade of the memorial in December 2008
|For the American First Army victory in the Meuse-Argonne offensive, September 26–November 11, 1918|
|Unveiled||August 1, 1937|
near Montfaucon, France
|Designed by||John Russell Pope|
|Statistics source: |
The Meuse-Argonne American Memorial (Montfaucon American Monument; French: Monument Américain de Montfaucon) is an American World War I memorial commemorating "the brilliant victory of the American First Army in the Meuse-Argonne offensive, September 26 – November 11, 1918, and pays tribute to the previous heroic services of the Armies of France on the important battle front upon which the memorial has been constructed." It was erected by the United States Government and is the largest of the American war memorials in Europe. Outside Montfaucon in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France, it was unveiled on August 1, 1937. The memorial was designed by John Russell Pope. He designed a massive, Doric column in granite. It is surmounted by a statue symbolic of liberty and towers more than 200 feet (61 m) above the hill and the war ruins of the village around it.
The Meuse-Argonne American Memorial is made of a large Doric-style granite column, on top of which stands a statue symbolizing liberty. The memorial was built near the ruins of the ancient village, destroyed during World War I. On the walls of the foyer is an account of the offensive. It pays homage to the troops who served there. The observation platform of the memorial can be reached by ascending 234 stairs, and offers an excellent view of the battlefield.
The memorial was unveiled on August 1, 1937, in the presence of the President of the French Republic, Albert Lebrun. Franklin D. Roosevelt, then the President of the United States, delivered a radio address for the ceremony from Washington, D.C.
- "Montfaucon American Monument Dedication in 1937". American Battle Monuments Commission. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- American Battle Monuments Commission (1938). American Armies and Battlefields in Europe: A History, Guide, and Reference Book. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office. pp. 203, 473. LCCN 39026436. OCLC 344565. OL 14064063M – via Internet Archive. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- American Battle Monuments Commission. Montfaucon Monument (PDF). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. (August 1, 1937). Radio Address on the Dedication of the American Monument at Montfaucon, France (Speech). Washington, D.C.: Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project.
- General information