Montgomery County, Iowa

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Montgomery County
Montgomery County Courthouse
Montgomery County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Montgomery County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°01′45″N 95°09′05″W / 41.029166666667°N 95.151388888889°W / 41.029166666667; -95.151388888889
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1851
Named forRichard Montgomery
SeatRed Oak
Largest cityRed Oak
Area
 • Total425 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Land424 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,330
 • Density24/sq mi (9.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitemontgomerycountyia.gov

Montgomery County is a county located in the southwestern area of the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,330.[1] Its population has declined since a peak in 1900, since urbanization and decline of family farms. The county seat is Red Oak.[2] The county was founded by European-American migrants from eastern areas in 1851.[3] It was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while trying to capture Quebec City, Canada.

The county has been largely rural and devoted to agriculture. The county was first surveyed in 1852. It is famous as the location of the unsolved Villisca Axe Murders committed in 1912. Clyde Cessna, the founder of the Cessna Aircraft Company was born here.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 425 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 424 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,256
18705,934372.5%
188015,895167.9%
189015,848−0.3%
190017,80312.3%
191016,604−6.7%
192017,0482.7%
193016,752−1.7%
194015,697−6.3%
195015,685−0.1%
196014,467−7.8%
197012,781−11.7%
198013,4134.9%
199012,076−10.0%
200011,771−2.5%
201010,740−8.8%
202010,330−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2018[9]
Population of Montgomery County from US census data

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 10,330 in the county, with a population density of 24.322/sq mi (9.391/km2). 96.38% of the population reported being of one race. 90.29% were non-Hispanic White, 0.24% were Black, 3.59% were Hispanic, 0.34% were Native American, 0.25% were Asian, 0.02% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 5.27% were some other race or more than one race. There were 5,007 housing units, of which 4,456 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 10,740 in the county, with a population density of 25.337/sq mi (9.783/km2). There were 5,239 housing units, of which 4,558 were occupied.[10]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Montgomery County

At the 2000 census there were 11,771 people, 4,886 households, and 3,258 families in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 5,399 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.20% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.30%.[11] were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 4,886 households 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 29.50% of households were one person and 14.70% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.30% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.30 males.

The median household income was $33,214 and the median family income was $40,129. Males had a median income of $28,531 versus $20,835 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,373. About 6.50% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Former towns[edit]

  • Alix (Douglas Township) 1895-98
  • Arlington (Washington Township)
  • Biddick (Pilot Grove Township) 1893-1902
  • Carr's Point (West Township) 1865-70
  • Climax (West Township) 1871-1901
  • Coe's Grove 1858-69
  • Flora 1859
  • Frankfort (County seat from 1864 to 1865) (Frankfort Township) 1856-78
  • Hawthorne 1871-1908
  • Oro 1856-1858
  • Ross Grove (Jackson Township) 1855-63
  • Rossville (Jackson Township) 1855
  • Sciola (Washington Township) 1855-1905
  • Wales (Lincoln Township) 1886-1901
  • Wallace (Douglas Township) 1875-78
  • Wilson (Pilot Grove Township) 1870-79

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Montgomery County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Red Oak City 5,596
2 Villisca City 1,132
3 Stanton City 678
4 Elliott City 338
5 Grant City 86
6 Coburg City 26

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Montgomery County, Iowa[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,659 68.69% 1,583 29.72% 85 1.60%
2016 3,436 68.12% 1,314 26.05% 294 5.83%
2012 3,001 59.72% 1,922 38.25% 102 2.03%
2008 2,887 54.58% 2,326 43.98% 76 1.44%
2004 3,601 64.81% 1,899 34.18% 56 1.01%
2000 3,417 63.35% 1,838 34.07% 139 2.58%
1996 2,583 49.69% 1,912 36.78% 703 13.52%
1992 2,404 44.78% 1,599 29.78% 1,366 25.44%
1988 3,166 62.08% 1,898 37.22% 36 0.71%
1984 4,224 71.23% 1,661 28.01% 45 0.76%
1980 4,115 67.97% 1,556 25.70% 383 6.33%
1976 3,673 61.48% 2,229 37.31% 72 1.21%
1972 4,391 72.69% 1,559 25.81% 91 1.51%
1968 4,155 64.11% 1,892 29.19% 434 6.70%
1964 3,101 46.98% 3,489 52.86% 11 0.17%
1960 4,974 65.19% 2,655 34.80% 1 0.01%
1956 5,027 65.77% 2,597 33.98% 19 0.25%
1952 6,074 72.88% 2,235 26.82% 25 0.30%
1948 4,084 59.10% 2,751 39.81% 75 1.09%
1944 4,165 61.40% 2,572 37.92% 46 0.68%
1940 4,848 58.98% 3,332 40.54% 40 0.49%
1936 4,395 52.43% 3,920 46.77% 67 0.80%
1932 3,507 47.39% 3,760 50.80% 134 1.81%
1928 5,155 70.81% 2,079 28.56% 46 0.63%
1924 4,617 64.51% 805 11.25% 1,735 24.24%
1920 4,980 76.50% 1,404 21.57% 126 1.94%
1916 2,333 60.33% 1,431 37.01% 103 2.66%
1912 917 23.07% 1,206 30.35% 1,851 46.58%
1908 2,553 64.44% 1,282 32.36% 127 3.21%
1904 2,956 75.25% 722 18.38% 250 6.36%
1900 2,927 65.25% 1,467 32.70% 92 2.05%
1896 2,927 63.67% 1,634 35.54% 36 0.78%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ William Walace Merritt (1906). A History of the County of Montgomery. The Express Publishing Company. montgomery county iowa founding.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 27, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°01′45″N 95°09′05″W / 41.02917°N 95.15139°W / 41.02917; -95.15139