Montgomery County, Iowa

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Montgomery County, Iowa
Montgomery County Courthouse, Red Oak.jpg
Montgomery County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Red Oak
Largest city Red Oak
Area
 • Total 425 sq mi (1,101 km2)
 • Land 424 sq mi (1,098 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 10,740
 • Density 25/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.montgomerycountyiowa.com

Montgomery County is a county located in the southwestern area of the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,740.[1] Its population has declined since a peak in 1900, since urbanization and decline of family farms. The county seat is Red Oak.[2] The county was founded by European-American migrants from eastern areas in 1851.[3] It was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while trying to capture Quebec City, Canada.

The county has been largely rural and devoted to agriculture. The county was first surveyed in 1852. It is famous as the location of the unsolved Villisca Axe Murders committed in 1912.

Clyde Cessna, the founder of the Cessna Aircraft Company, was born here.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 425 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 424 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,256
1870 5,934 372.5%
1880 15,895 167.9%
1890 15,848 −0.3%
1900 17,803 12.3%
1910 16,604 −6.7%
1920 17,048 2.7%
1930 16,752 −1.7%
1940 15,697 −6.3%
1950 15,685 −0.1%
1960 14,467 −7.8%
1970 12,781 −11.7%
1980 13,413 4.9%
1990 12,076 −10.0%
2000 11,771 −2.5%
2010 10,740 −8.8%
Est. 2016 10,225 [5] −4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 10,740 in the county, with a population density of 25.337/sq mi (9.783/km2). There were 5,239 housing units, of which 4,558 were occupied.[10]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Montgomery County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 11,771 people, 4,886 households, and 3,258 families residing in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 5,399 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.20% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,886 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,214, and the median income for a family was $40,129. Males had a median income of $28,531 versus $20,835 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,373. About 6.50% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Former towns[edit]

  • Alix (Douglas Township) 1895-98
  • Arlington (Washington Township)
  • Biddick (Pilot Grove Township) 1893-1902
  • Carr's Point (West Township) 1865-70
  • Climax (West Township) 1871-1901
  • Coe's Grove 1858-69
  • Flora 1859
  • Frankfort (County seat from 1864-65) (Frankfort Township) 1856-78
  • Hawthorne 1871-1908
  • Oro 1856-1858
  • Ross Grove (Jackson Township) 1855-63
  • Rossville (Jackson Township) 1855
  • Sciola (Washington Township) 1855-1905
  • Wales (Lincoln Township) 1886-1901
  • Wallace (Douglas Township) 1875-78
  • Wilson (Pilot Grove Township) 1870-79

Townships[edit]


Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Montgomery County.[12]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Red Oak City 5,742
2 Villisca City 1,252
3 Stanton City 689
4 Elliott City 350
5 Grant City 92
6 Coburg City 42

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.1% 3,436 26.1% 1,314 5.8% 294
2012 59.7% 3,001 38.3% 1,922 2.0% 102
2008 54.6% 2,887 44.0% 2,326 1.4% 76
2004 64.8% 3,601 34.2% 1,899 1.0% 56
2000 63.4% 3,417 34.1% 1,838 2.6% 139
1996 49.7% 2,583 36.8% 1,912 13.5% 703
1992 44.8% 2,404 29.8% 1,599 25.5% 1,366
1988 62.1% 3,166 37.2% 1,898 0.7% 36
1984 71.2% 4,224 28.0% 1,661 0.8% 45
1980 68.0% 4,115 25.7% 1,556 6.3% 383
1976 61.5% 3,673 37.3% 2,229 1.2% 72
1972 72.7% 4,391 25.8% 1,559 1.5% 91
1968 64.1% 4,155 29.2% 1,892 6.7% 434
1964 47.0% 3,101 52.9% 3,489 0.2% 11
1960 65.2% 4,974 34.8% 2,655 0.0% 1
1956 65.8% 5,027 34.0% 2,597 0.3% 19
1952 72.9% 6,074 26.8% 2,235 0.3% 25
1948 59.1% 4,084 39.8% 2,751 1.1% 75
1944 61.4% 4,165 37.9% 2,572 0.7% 46
1940 59.0% 4,848 40.5% 3,332 0.5% 40
1936 52.4% 4,395 46.8% 3,920 0.8% 67
1932 47.4% 3,507 50.8% 3,760 1.8% 134
1928 70.8% 5,155 28.6% 2,079 0.6% 46
1924 64.5% 4,617 11.3% 805 24.2% 1,735
1920 76.5% 4,980 21.6% 1,404 1.9% 126
1916 60.3% 2,333 37.0% 1,431 2.7% 103
1912 23.1% 917 30.4% 1,206 46.6% 1,851
1908 64.4% 2,553 32.4% 1,282 3.2% 127
1904 75.3% 2,956 18.4% 722 6.4% 250
1900 65.3% 2,927 32.7% 1,467 2.1% 92
1896 63.7% 2,927 35.5% 1,634 0.8% 36

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ William Walace Merritt (1906). A History of the County of Montgomery. The Express Publishing Company. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 22, 2011. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://www.census.gov/2010census/
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°01′45″N 95°09′05″W / 41.02917°N 95.15139°W / 41.02917; -95.15139