Montgomery County, Tennessee

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Montgomery County
County of Montgomery
Montgomery County Courthouse in Clarksville
Montgomery County Courthouse in Clarksville
Official seal of Montgomery County
Official logo of Montgomery County
Map of Tennessee highlighting Montgomery County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°30′N 87°23′W / 36.5°N 87.38°W / 36.5; -87.38
Country United States
State Tennessee
Founded9 April 1796
Named forJohn Montgomery[1]
SeatClarksville
Largest cityClarksville
Area
 • Total544 sq mi (1,410 km2)
 • Land539 sq mi (1,400 km2)
 • Water4.7 sq mi (12 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
220,069
 • Density388/sq mi (150/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitemcgtn.org

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 United States census, the population was 220,069.[2] The county seat (and only incorporated municipality) is Clarksville.[3] The county was created in 1796.[4][5] Montgomery County is included in the Clarksville, TN–KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was named for John Montgomery, a soldier in the American Revolutionary War and an early settler who founded the city of Clarksville. It was authorized on 9 April 1796, when the western portion of Tennessee County, which since 1790 had been part of the Territory South of the River Ohio, became part of the new state of Tennessee. (In 1790, North Carolina had ceded its western lands to the Federal government to create what was also known as the Southwest Territory.) The eastern portion of old Tennessee County was, at the same time Montgomery County was formed, combined with land taken from Sumner County to form Robertson County, Tennessee. Later acts of the Tennessee General Assembly had further reduced Montgomery County by 1871 to its current size and boundaries.[5]

Montgomery County was the site of several early saltpeter mines. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from local caves. Bellamy Cave near Stringtown still contains the remains of two dozen saltpeter leaching vats. It appears to have been a large operation. Cooper Creek Cave shows evidence of extensive mining and contains the remains of "many saltpeter hoppers". Both were probably mined during the War of 1812. Dunbar Cave is reported to have been mined for saltpeter during the Mexican War of 1848, but commercial development has destroyed any evidence of this. Little mining is likely to have happened here during the Civil War, since the Union Army captured and occupied this part of Tennessee in early 1862.[6]

Geography[edit]

Montgomery County lies on the north line of Tennessee; its north border abuts the state of Kentucky. The hilly terrain is marked by drainages and largely covered with trees. The Cumberland River meanders westward through the lower central part of the county.[7] The highest point on the county terrain (806 feet/246 meters ASL) is a small hill 3.7 miles (5.9 km) ENE from Slayden in Dickson County.[8]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 544 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 539 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.9%) is water.[9]

Dunbar Cave[edit]

Montgomery County lies in a region of well-developed karst topography. A large cave system under the county is named Dunbar Cave; it is the centerpiece of Dunbar Cave State Park, which encompasses approximately 110 acres and is one of the most visited units in the Tennessee State Park System.

Dunbar Cave was extensively used by prehistoric Indians, who inhabited this area for thousands of years before European encounter. Remains of their cane torches have been found in the cave, and archaeologists have excavated numerous artifacts inside the entrance.[10][page needed] During a research trip into the cave on January 15, 2005, Park Ranger Amy Wallace, History professor Joe Douglas, local historian Billyfrank Morrison, and Geologist Larry E. Matthews, discovered Indian glyphs on the walls of the cave. Subsequent investigations by archaeologists from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville confirmed the drawings were from people of the Mississippian culture, which was active about 1000-1300 CE.[11][12] These glyphs were featured for a few years on the tour of the cave.

In 2010, the State of Tennessee closed Dunbar Cave to the public because White Nose Syndrome was diagnosed in a bat and they did not want the disease to spread. The cave has since reopened and tours are conducted seasonally, from May to August (with special hygiene procedures in place).[13]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18002,899
18108,021176.7%
182012,21952.3%
183014,34917.4%
184016,92718.0%
185021,04524.3%
186020,895−0.7%
187024,74718.4%
188028,48115.1%
189029,6974.3%
190036,01721.3%
191033,672−6.5%
192032,265−4.2%
193030,882−4.3%
194033,3468.0%
195044,18632.5%
196055,64525.9%
197062,72112.7%
198083,34232.9%
1990100,49820.6%
2000134,76834.1%
2010172,33127.9%
2020220,06927.7%
US Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2014[2]
Age pyramid Montgomery County[18]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[19] there were 134,768 people, 48,330 households, and 35,957 families in the county. The population density was 250 people per square mile (96/km2). There were 52,167 housing units at an average density of 97 per square mile (37/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.17% White, 19.18% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, and 2.91% from two or more races. 5.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 48,330 households, out of which 40.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.11.

The county population contained 28.40% under the age of 18, 12.30% from 18 to 24, 34.30% from 25 to 44, 17.20% from 45 to 64, and 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,981, and the median income for a family was $43,023. Males had a median income of $30,696 versus $22,581 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,265. About 7.90% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 54.9% 42,187 42.3% 32,472 2.7% 2,099
2016 56.1% 32,341 37.7% 21,699 6.2% 3,580
2012 54.3% 30,245 44.0% 24,499 1.8% 976
2008 53.3% 30,175 45.4% 25,716 1.3% 748
2004 58.4% 28,627 41.0% 20,070 0.6% 301
2000 50.3% 19,644 48.2% 18,818 1.5% 582
1996 45.0% 15,133 49.1% 16,498 5.9% 1,994
1992 41.5% 13,011 46.3% 14,507 12.2% 3,823
1988 57.7% 12,599 41.8% 9,145 0.5% 112
1984 56.6% 13,228 42.5% 9,939 0.9% 198
1980 41.1% 8,503 55.9% 11,573 3.0% 622
1976 32.1% 5,923 66.7% 12,310 1.2% 215
1972 56.4% 7,839 41.0% 5,691 2.7% 369
1968 22.5% 3,248 38.4% 5,538 39.1% 5,638
1964 21.7% 2,814 78.3% 10,178
1960 24.8% 2,550 74.3% 7,635 0.8% 85
1956 25.4% 2,778 73.5% 8,034 1.1% 122
1952 30.8% 2,573 68.9% 5,759 0.3% 27
1948 14.3% 646 73.5% 3,310 12.2% 549
1944 19.1% 702 80.6% 2,971 0.4% 13
1940 20.5% 819 79.2% 3,158 0.3% 13
1936 20.1% 838 79.3% 3,314 0.7% 28
1932 22.5% 799 77.5% 2,747
1928 48.3% 1,743 51.7% 1,866
1924 32.0% 941 66.2% 1,946 1.8% 54
1920 40.6% 1,780 58.5% 2,564 0.9% 40
1916 32.8% 991 65.5% 1,976 1.7% 52
1912 21.1% 514 67.3% 1,638 11.6% 281
1908 38.6% 1,903 60.1% 2,961 1.1% 57
1904 31.4% 843 63.2% 1,697 5.3% 144
1900 41.4% 1,815 51.3% 2,248 7.2% 319
1896 48.1% 2,934 46.0% 2,804 5.8% 353
1892 35.4% 1,927 44.2% 2,405 20.3% 1,103
1888 44.0% 2,164 53.5% 2,628 2.3% 117
1884 43.0% 1,922 56.3% 2,516 0.5% 25
1880 41.7% 2,039 58.2% 2,846 0.0% 0

The County Commission has 21 members, each elected from a single-member district. In addition, voters elect a County Mayor at-large and certain other county-level positions, including the sheriff.

Communities[edit]

Clarksville

City[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, Eleanor. Montgomery County, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and CultureRetrieved March 11, 2013..
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Tennessee: Individual County Chronologies". Tennessee Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Archived from the original on February 3, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Origins Of Tennessee County Names" (PDF). Tennessee Blue Book. 2005–2006. p. 512. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  6. ^ Matthews, Larry E. Dunbar Cave: The Showplace of the South, 2011, ISBN 978-1-879961-41-8
  7. ^ Montgomery County TN (Google Maps, accessed 27 August 2020)
  8. ^ Montgomery County High Point, Tennessee (PeakBagger.com, accessed 27 August 2020)
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  10. ^ Matthews, Larry E. Dunbar Cave, 2005, ISBN 1-879961-22-9.
  11. ^ Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 74, no. 1, pp. 19–32. DOI: 10.4311/
  12. ^ Jan F. Simek, Joseph C. Douglas, and Amy Wallace, "Ancient Cave Art at Dunbar Cave State Natural Area", Tennessee Conservationist Magazine, September/October 2007, pp. 24–26.
  13. ^ Dunbar Cave - Tennessee State Park System - Cave tours (accessed 27 August 2020)
  14. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  18. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  19. ^ "US Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 11 March 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°30′N 87°23′W / 36.50°N 87.38°W / 36.50; -87.38