Monticello, Florida

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Monticello, Florida
City
Monticello City Hall
Monticello City Hall
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Florida
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°32′41″N 83°52′2″W / 30.54472°N 83.86722°W / 30.54472; -83.86722Coordinates: 30°32′41″N 83°52′2″W / 30.54472°N 83.86722°W / 30.54472; -83.86722
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Jefferson
Government
 • Mayor Troy Avera[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 3.98 sq mi (10.30 km2)
 • Land 3.98 sq mi (10.30 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation 233 ft (71 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,506
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 2,402
 • Density 632.4/sq mi (244.16/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 32344-32345
Area code(s) 850
FIPS code 12-46500[4]
GNIS feature ID 0287080[5]
Website www.cityofmonticello.us

Monticello is a city in Jefferson County, Florida, United States. The population was 2,506 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the county seat of Jefferson County.[7] The city is named after Monticello, the estate of the county's namesake, Thomas Jefferson, on which the county courthouse was modeled.[8]

Monticello is home to Indian mounds and many historic buildings, including the Perkins Opera House and Monticello Old Jail Museum.

Geography[edit]

Monticello is located in northern Jefferson County at 30°32′41″N 83°52′02″W / 30.544612°N 83.867321°W / 30.544612; -83.867321.[9] U.S. Route 90 runs through the center of the city as Washington Street, leading east 16 miles (26 km) to Greenville and west 26 miles (42 km) to Tallahassee. U.S. Route 19 passes through the city center on Jefferson Street, leading south 10 miles (16 km) to Capps and north 22 miles (35 km) to Thomasville, Georgia. The two highways meet in the center of Monticello at Courthouse Circle, which surrounds the Jefferson County Courthouse. US-19 leads south from the courthouse 5 miles (8 km) to Interstate 10 at Exit 225. I-10 leads west 25 miles (40 km) to Tallahassee and east 82 miles (132 km) to Lake City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.3 km2), all land.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 329
1860 1,083 229.2%
1870 1,052 −2.9%
1890 1,218
1900 1,076 −11.7%
1910 1,829 70.0%
1920 1,704 −6.8%
1930 1,901 11.6%
1940 2,042 7.4%
1950 2,264 10.9%
1960 2,490 10.0%
1970 2,473 −0.7%
1980 2,994 21.1%
1990 2,573 −14.1%
2000 2,533 −1.6%
2010 2,506 −1.1%
Est. 2016 2,402 [3] −4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,533 people, 973 households, and 664 families residing in the city. The population density was 749.4 people per square mile (289.3/km²). There were 1,088 housing units at an average density of 321.9 per square mile (124.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.06% White, 50.85% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.

There were 973 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,720, and the median income for a family was $32,356. Males had a median income of $25,932 versus $21,760 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,522. About 18.5% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Monticello has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

Monticello is the site of the highest temperature recorded in Florida, 109 °F (43 °C) on June 29, 1931.[12]

Climate data for Monticello, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
33
(92)
39
(103)
41
(106)
43
(109)
41
(105)
39
(102)
40
(104)
38
(100)
34
(94)
32
(89)
43
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 18
(64)
19
(66)
23
(73)
26
(79)
30
(86)
32
(90)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
27
(81)
22
(72)
18
(65)
26
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 5
(41)
6
(42)
9
(48)
12
(54)
16
(61)
20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
19
(67)
13
(56)
8
(47)
5
(41)
13
(55)
Record low °C (°F) −16
(4)
−18
(0)
−8
(18)
−2
(29)
3
(38)
7
(44)
12
(54)
14
(58)
2
(36)
−2
(28)
−11
(13)
−14
(7)
−18
(0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 112
(4.4)
114
(4.5)
124
(4.9)
99
(3.9)
99
(3.9)
150
(5.9)
180
(7.1)
165
(6.5)
130
(5)
71
(2.8)
71
(2.8)
100
(4)
1,412
(55.6)
Source: Weatherbase [13]

History and culture[edit]

Monticello has a historic 19th century opera house that still features regular musical performances, as well as theater productions and musicals. The first floor ballroom also holds receptions on a regular basis.

Historic sites[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Unlike Thomas Jefferson's home in Virginia, the city in Florida is pronounced "mont-i-SEL-o," not "mont-i-CHEL-o."[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ecbpublishing.com/mayor-tom-vogelgesang-resigns-office/
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Monticello city, Florida". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 30, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1939), Florida. A Guide to the Southernmost State, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 438 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Monticello, Florida
  12. ^ "Record Highs: Florida's Warmest Days". Climate Design. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on October 15, 2013.

External links[edit]