|Origin||Asia Minor, near the Black Sea|
The Montmorency cherry is a variety of sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) grown in Canada, France, and the United States, particularly in Michigan and in Door County, Wisconsin. Montmorency cherries are part of the lighter-red Amarelle cultivar of sour cherries, rather than the darker-red Morello cultivar. Michigan produces over 90,000 tons of Montmorency cherries each year.
The history of the 'Montmorency' tart cherry extends back to ancient Rome. The Romans are credited with discovering this tiny red fruit along the Black Sea in Asia Minor. After Roman legionnaires discovered the tart cherries, they carried them with them and introduced them to the rest of Roman territory. They planted cherry trees alongside Roman roads and soldiers used the fruit for food and the wood to build weapons and repair equipment.
The tree produces large, light red fruit (although some trees produce a darker red fruit) and has been cultivated in the United States since at least the early 20th century. It is the most popular sour cherry in the United States and Canada, and is extensively used in cherry pies, as well as in jams and preserves.
'Montmorency' cherries are also marketed in dried form, and Montmorency cherry juice and juice concentrate are also sold.
Since the early 21st century, the 'Montmorency' cherry has been promoted as a healthful food, due to several purported health benefits.
The consumption of Montmorency cherries has also been found to improve sleep quality and duration in healthy people. It can also be beneficial to people with disturbed sleep.
- Spring Is No Bowl of Cherries for Michigan Growers, Wall Street Journal, Matthew Dolan, June 1, 2012
- "The History of the Tart Cherry". Traverse Bay Farms.
- "Cherry, Montmorency Prunus cerasus". Arbor Day Foundation.
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- Keane KM, George TW, Constantinou CL, Brown MA, Clifford T, Howatson G (2016). "Effects of Montmorency tart cherry (Prunus Cerasus L.) consumption on vascular function in men with early hypertension". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 103: 1531–9. doi:10.3945/ajcn.115.123869. PMID 27146650.
- Howatson G1, Bell PG, Tallent J, Middleton B, McHugh MP, Ellis J (2012). "Effect of tart cherry juice (Prunus cerasus) on melatonin levels and enhanced sleep quality". Eur J Nutr. doi:10.1007/s00394-011-0263-7.