Montpelier Cricket Club
Coordinates: The Montpelier Cricket Club was prominent in English cricket from about 1796, when it began to compete against Marylebone Cricket Club and other leading "town clubs", until 1845 when its members were the prime movers in the formation of Surrey County Cricket Club. Montpelier was based at George Aram's New Ground in Montpelier Gardens, Walworth, Surrey. This was a top-class venue from 1796 to 1806. It was also known as the "Bee Hive Ground" because of its proximity to the Bee Hive pub in Walworth.
Montpelier was a victim of the Napoleonic War and the strength of its team waned after 1800 as the war progressed. It became a minor club in playing terms but remained influential in membership terms and was still the leading club in Surrey when the formation of a county club was first proposed in the 1840s.
The Montpelier club acted through one of its presidents, a Mr William Houghton of Brixton Hill, to obtain a suitable venue for the proposed county club. In 1845, Houghton obtained a lease from the Duchy of Cornwall of land in Kennington. The initial lease was for 31 years at £120 per annum. Whereas Lord's had formerly been a duckpond, The Oval had previously been a cabbage patch and market garden, requiring considerable work to convert the land. The original turf cost £300 and some 10,000 turfs from Tooting Common were laid in March 1845.
Surrey County Cricket Club (Surrey CCC) was founded on the evening of 22 August 1845 at the Horns Tavern in south London, where around 100 representatives of various cricket clubs in Surrey agreed a motion put by William Denison (the club's first Secretary) "that a Surrey club be now formed". A further meeting at the Tavern on 18 October 1845 formally constituted the club, appointed officers and began enrolling members. Seventy Montpelier members formed the nucleus of the new county club. The Honourable Fred Ponsonby, later the Earl of Bessborough, was the first vice-president.
- Philip Paine, The Montpelier Cricket Club: Predecessor of Surrey County Cricket Club, Mischief Makers, 2010, ISBN 978-0955543388
- History of the Bee Hive pub
- Ashley-Cooper, F. S. (1900). At the Sign of the Wicket: Cricket 1742–1751. Cricket magazine. p. 21.
- "Kennington: Introduction and the demesne lands | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. At para 19. Retrieved 2016-06-26.
- H S Altham, A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914), George Allen & Unwin, 1962
- Derek Birley, A Social History of English Cricket, Aurum, 1999
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