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Montreal District was colonial district with its capital in Montreal. A descendant of the district exists today as the judicial district of Montreal.
The district was created as a district of Canada, New France.
When the British conquered Canada in 1760, the district of Montreal remained the same as that under the former French regime. Under British administration, it was one of three division of the former Province of Quebec from 1763 to 1791. Reapportioned in 1763, it included much of modern day Quebec, Labrador and most of southern Ontario. The meetings of the District were called the Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace.
In 1788 western sections Montreal District became:
- Nassau District - after 1792 as Home District
- Hesse District - after 1792 as Western District
- Mecklenburg District - after 1792 as Midland District
- Lunenburg District - after 1792 as Eastern District
These four were then organized as Upper Canada in 1791.
Besides Montreal, the British Province of Quebec had two other districts:
- Quebec District - reapportioned in 1763 and covered areas outside of Montreal, the district previously existed under the French regime into British rule.
- Trois-Rivières District - recreated in 1790 from Quebec District, a prior district under the French regime existed into British rule.
- Gerald E. Hart (1888). The Fall of New France, 1755-1760. G.P. Putnam's Sons. p. 150.
- Donald Fyson (2012-09-20). "The Court Structure of Quebec and Lower Canada, 1764 to 1860".