Montreal Process

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The Montreal Process, also known as the Working Group on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests, is a voluntary agreement on sustainable forest management. It was formed in Geneva, Switzerland in June 1994 as a result of the Forest Principles developed at the 1992 Earth Summit.

Member countries[edit]

As of 2012 the member countries are Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Russia, United States and Uruguay.[1] Together, they account for:[2]

  • 90% of the world's temperate and boreal forests (as well as areas of tropical forests)
  • 60% of all forests of the world
  • 35% of the world's population
  • 45% of the world's trade in wood and wood products

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Montreal Process - Member Countries". Montréal Process Working Group. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "Montreal Process". New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 

External links[edit]