This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2021)
|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Tom LaMont|
|• Total||1.29 sq mi (3.33 km2)|
|• Land||1.29 sq mi (3.33 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||1,400 ft (627 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,147.63/sq mi (443.13/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Montrose is a borough in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, United States, 18.41 miles (29.63 km) south-southeast of Binghamton, New York and 31.39 miles (50.52 km) north by west of Scranton. The land is elevated approximately 1,400 feet (427 m) above sea level. It is the Susquehanna County seat.
Montrose was laid out in 1812 in an area of Pennsylvania historically associated with the Indigenous Susquehannock people. The first non-Indigenous settler in 1800 was a Revolutionary War officer, Captain Bartlett Hinds, who traveled from Long Island, NY with his step son, Isaac Post. Upon seeing the area's natural beauty and potential, he returned to NY to bring his family to Pennsylvania. Among other settlers were the descendants of Sir Peter Warren, Knight Vice Admiral on England's Royal Fleet. Upon retirement, he was given the land by grateful American soldiers. Mary Ann Warren, County Commissioner, is the great-great-granddaughter once removed[clarification needed] of Sir Peter Warren (1703 - 1752).
The first courthouse was built a year later, and Montrose was incorporated as a borough from part of Bridgewater Township on March 29, 1824. Its name is a portmanteau of mont, the French word for “mountain”, and Rose, for Dr. L. R. Rose, a prominent citizen.
The traditional older industries included creameries and the manufacturing of cut glass, boxes, sawing machinery, lumber, etc. The area of Montrose is notable for its many quarry sites. A type of rock that is indigenous to this area is called blue stone. In 1900, 1,827 people lived there, and in 1910, 1,914 people resided there.
Montrose was incorporated as a town and seat of Susquehanna County in 1824, but families began immigrating to the area in the mid-18th century, primarily from areas along the Connecticut River Valley (western Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont). The American Revolution dramatically changed the political and built environments of New England. After the war, there was pent-up land hunger and many residents wanted some of the affordable land in Pennsylvania. When settlers arrived in what is now Susquehanna County they found rolling hills, clear lakes, and mountain streams with an abundance of natural resources such as timber and bluestone. In a very short period of time, the first families built Montrose in the style of their home New England towns: large colonial style houses surrounding churches, and both centered on a main street. A town “green” adjacent to the courthouse was the commons, or place for community events.
Montrose played a significant role in the Northern Trail of the Underground Railroad: "During the 1840s, the anti-slavery ideology prevailing in Susquehanna County took a decidedly radical turn. Abolitionists no longer content to limit their involvement to lectures and debates began helping slaves escape on the Underground Railroad. Of the eighty-two individuals identified as Underground Railroad agents, twenty-one came from Susquehanna County."
Between the 1950s and 1990s, due to the declines in the coal industry and agriculture, residents emigrated from this area to other places for work. In the latter part of the first decade of the 21st century natural gas exploration, drilling and hydraulic fracturing used in the gas extraction process have created a dramatic pickup in the local economy. Due to increased revenues in town, the Montrose hospital (the only major hospital in Susquehanna County) was moved from an old and small facility downtown to a large, advanced facility just outside town.
The town's Sylvanus Mulford House, Silver Lake Bank, and Susquehanna County Courthouse Complex are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Montrose Historic District was added in 2011.
Montrose is located at (41.833064, -75.877190).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,617 people, 754 households, and 399 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,243.8 people per square mile (485.9/km2). There were 857 housing units at an average density of 659.2 per square mile (257.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.8% White, 0.2% African American, 0.05% American Indian and Alaska Native (U.S. Census)|American Indian, 0.05% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 754 households, out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. 42.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 56.8% from 18 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.4 years.
The median income for a household in the borough was $37,125, and the median income for a family was $48,867. Males had a median income of $33,077 versus $26,174 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,255. About 12.5% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Three Pennsylvania state highways meet in Montrose: Route 29, Route 167, and Route 706. The major highway in the area, Interstate 81, is located 10 miles to the east, and may be reached via Route 706. Montrose is also linked by road to Friendsville, Little Meadows, and South Montrose. Husky Haven Airport is located about three miles south of Montrose; it is used only for general aviation. The closest airports with commercial service are Greater Binghamton Airport, 30 miles to the north, and Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport, around 60 miles to the south.
- Emily C. Blackman (1826-1907), historian and schoolteacher
- Charles Martin Crandall, toymaker
- William Jessup, judge and abolitionist
- Edith May (pseudonym of Anne Drinker; 1827–1903), American poet
- J. Brewster McCollum, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 1900 - 1903
- Lewis A Riley, 1847–1925, president of Lehigh Valley Coal & Navigation, Lehigh & Hudson River Railroad Company
- Chris Snee, former offensive guard and two-time Super bowl Champion for New York Giants
- Rich Thompson, outfielder for the Tampa Bay Rays
- Joseph Welden (1925-), award-winning artist, musician, World War II veteran, Citizen Of The Year award winner (2010)
- Jonathan Jasper Wright lived in Montrose as a youth and became the first African American to pass the Pennsylvania bar; went South with the American Missionary Association after the Civil War and served as head of the Freedmen's Bureau in Beaufort, South Carolina; and was elected associate justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court
- "Bridgewater Township". Susquehanna County Historical Society. Archived from the original on 23 July 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Capt Bartlet Hinds (1755-1822) - Find A Grave Memorial".
- Kashatus, William. "Finding Sanctuary at Montrose" (PDF). Pennsylvania Heritage. p. 31.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
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