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Montrouziera sphaeroidea.jpg
Montrouziera sphaeroidea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Tribe: Symphonieae
Genus: Montrouziera
Planch. & Triana

Montrouziera is a genus of shrubs to large trees in the family Clusiaceae, endemic to New Caledonia.[1] As usual in the Clusiaceae, species of this genus are known to contain xanthonoids. Montrouziera is related to the South American genus Platonia.[2] Locally known as "houp", this genus was named after Xavier Montrouzier.

Montrouziera gabriellae is noted for bearing the largest endemic flower of New Caledonia.


  1. ^ Morat, P., T. Jaffré, F. Tronchet, J. Munzinger, Y. Pillon, J. M. Veillon, and M. Chalopin (2012). The taxonomic reference base Florical and characteristics of the native vascular flora of New Caledonia. Adansonia 34 (2): 179–221.
  2. ^ Ruhfel, B. R., V. Bittrich, C. P. Bove, M. H. G. Gustafsson, C. T. Philbrick, R. Rutishauser, Z. Xi, and C. C. Davis (2011). Phylogeny of the Clusioid Clade (Malpighiales): Evidence from the Plastid and Mitochondrial Genomes. American Journal of Botany 98: 306–25.