Monument, Colorado

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Monument, Colorado
Monument Town Hall and Police Department
Monument Town Hall and Police Department
"Proud Of Our Past, Confident Of Our Future "
Location of Monument in El Paso County, Colorado.
Location of Monument in El Paso County, Colorado.
Coordinates: 39°4′52″N 104°51′45″W / 39.08111°N 104.86250°W / 39.08111; -104.86250Coordinates: 39°4′52″N 104°51′45″W / 39.08111°N 104.86250°W / 39.08111; -104.86250
Country United States
State Colorado
CountyEl Paso[1]
Incorporated (town)June 2, 1879
 • TypeStatutory Town
 • Total6.91 sq mi (17.90 km2)
 • Land6.86 sq mi (17.78 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation7,135 ft (2,175 m)
 • Total10,399
 • Density1,179.80/sq mi (455.53/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)719
FIPS code08-51800
GNIS feature ID0204795
WebsiteTown of Monument

The Town of Monument is a statutory town situated at the base of the Rampart Range in El Paso County, Colorado, United States. The town is part of the Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had an estimated population of 700,000 in 2019. Monument is bordered by Pike National Forest on the west, Colorado Springs and the United States Air Force Academy to the south, foothills and rock outcroppings to the north, and rolling plains to the east.[3] Monument was first settled as a stop along the Rio Grande Railroad in 1872, and the area was incorporated as a town called Henry's Station in 1879, but the name was later changed to Monument.[6] The town population was 10,399 at the 2020 United States Census,[7] an increase from the population of 5,530 in 2010 and 1,971 in 2000. On April 1st, 2019, the town declared itself to be a Second Amendment sanctuary.[8]


Monument Rock, the formation from which the town derives its name

Monument's first homesteaders arrived in 1865 to mark out the town's preliminary shape, but settlement increased when Monument became a stop along the Rio Grande Railroad in 1872. The area was incorporated as a town called Henry's Station, after prominent settler Henry Limbach, on June 2, 1879, and the first town meeting was held July 3, 1879.[9] However, three years later the name was changed to Monument after Monument Creek and Monument Rock in the west.[10] The first records of the town can be found in various volumes in the El Paso County Courthouse dating back to 1872.[10] With the help of the railroad, which brought in necessities, people started small businesses and started to create a town.


Monument is located at 39°04′52″N 104°51′45″W / 39.081024°N 104.862491°W / 39.081024; -104.862491.[11] It is north of Colorado Springs and the United States Air Force Academy, and east of the Rampart Range, which is the eastern front range of the Rocky Mountains. Monument Creek, a gentle mountain stream beginning in the Rampart Range, eventually tumbles down through Palmer Lake and the west side of Monument to become one of the main waterways flowing south through Colorado Springs.[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Monument has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 1,971 people, 725 households, and 550 families residing in the town. The population density was 426.1 people per square mile (164.4/km2). There were 770 housing units at an average density of 166.4 per square mile (64.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.98% White, 0.91% African American, 1.42% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 2.03% from other races, and 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.71% of the population.

There were 725 households, out of which 45.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 38.3% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,000, and the median income for a family was $54,211. Males had a median income of $41,071 versus $27,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,878. About 5.4% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.


A welcome sign outside of Monument

Monument is a Statutory Town and is not under a Home Rule Charter. This means that the governmental policy is established by the board of trustees. There are seven Trustees, including the mayor. The mayor is considered part of the Board of Trustees, and has the same power as the other Trustees. Trustees are elected for overlapping 4-year terms, and the mayor is elected for four years as well. A vacancy in office will be filled Trustee appointment or by voters at a regular or special election. There is a set term limit of two consecutive terms for the mayor and Trustees. All regular and special meetings must be open to the public, and people must be given the opportunity to be heard.


Formerly Grace Best Elementary School, this building now serves as the district office for Lewis-Palmer #38.

By Colorado law, Monument is a school-choice community. Because of this, there are opportunities for public schools,[15] private schools,[16] charter schools,[17] and home schooling groups.[18] The public school system is Lewis-Palmer School District 38. Lewis-Palmer District ACT scores (at 23) are about 20% higher than the average state scores (at 19) in the two high schools, Palmer Ridge and Lewis-Palmer.[19] The Lewis-Palmer district as a whole performs 15-20% better on CSAP tests than the Colorado state average.[20] There are five public elementary schools in District 38: Lewis-Palmer Elementary, Palmer Lake Elementary, Kilmer, Prairie Winds Elementary, and Bear Creek Elementary. There is one public middle school serving all of District 38: Lewis-Palmer Middle School. Monument Academy is the only charter school and serves grades K through 8.


The residents of Monument support many different organizations. It is home to various types of churches, such as Presbyterian,[21] Catholic,[22] Lutheran,[23] Mennonite ,[24] Methodist,[25] and nondenominational.[26][27] Monument has several organizations that are unique to the community, and also several nationwide organizations. Local organizations in Monument include:

Pikes Peak Library District.[28]

Boy Scout Troop 514 is in possession of the Challenger flag. This flag was on board of the ill-fated last mission of the Space Shuttle Challenger and was recovered undamaged.


The greater Monument urban area is bisected by Interstate 25 and can be accessed via exit 161 and exit 158. State Highway 105 also runs East/West through Monument. A major freight railroad also runs North/South through monument that is used primarily for coal transport. The only form of public transportation that exists in Monument is a bus stop for the Bustang, Colorado's interregional express bus service.[29] Most rideshare services will not pickup from Monument but most destinations in Monument are close enough to Colorado Springs that rideshares will still drop off in Monument.


Monument experiences a hemiboreal continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with warm, relatively rainy summers and cold, snowy winters. As with many areas of Colorado, Monument experiences a lot of sunshine with an average of 250 sunny days per year. The semi-arid climate keeps the dew point very low in Monument year-round and causes the air to feel quite dry.[30] Monument is part of the front range urban corridor and is situated on Monument Hill, a low-grade ridge that extends Eastward from the front range. With the top of Monument Hill reaching 7,352 feet above sea level, Monument is one of the highest communities in the front range urban corridor. The combination of high elevation, unique geography, semi-arid climate, and freezing cold winter months means the town of Monument receives quite a bit more snow each year than its neighboring cities. Colorado Springs (20 miles to the South) receives an average of 33 inches of snow per year and Denver (53 miles to the North) receives an average of 56 inches of snow per year, whereas Monument receives an average of 110 inches of snow per year.[31]

Climate data for Monument, Colorado. (data from 1988-2003)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
Average high °F (°C) 40.2
Average low °F (°C) 16.8
Record low °F (°C) −16
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.83
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.5
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[32]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on 2009-12-12. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Town of Monument". Archived from the original on 2010-08-15. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
  4. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on November 4, 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2007.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. ^ Lavelett, Lucille. Through the Years at Monument, Colorado: The story of Monument Colorado. 2004. Published by Palmer Lake Historical Society, Palmer Lake, CO. ISBN 0-9755989-0-2. p. 7
  7. ^ "QuickFacts: Monument town, Colorado". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  8. ^, RACHEL RILEY. "Monument declared 'Second Amendment Preservation Town'". Colorado Springs Gazette. Retrieved 2019-12-17.
  9. ^ Lavelett, Lucille. Through the Years at Monument, Colorado: The story of Monument Colorado. 2004. Palmer Lake Historical Society, Palmer Lake, CO. ISBN 0-9755989-0-2 p. 14
  10. ^ a b Lavelett, Lucille. Through the Years at Monument, Colorado: The story of Monument Colorado. 2004. Palmer Lake Historical Society, Palmer Lake, CO. ISBN 0-9755989-0-2 P. 7
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2010-07-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ "Lewis-Palmer School District #38".
  16. ^ [1][dead link]
  17. ^ "Monument Academy". Monument Academy.
  18. ^ Hall, Annette M. "El+Paso, Colorado (CO) Local Homeschool Support Groups". Local
  19. ^ "Explore Lewis-Palmer High School in Monument, CO".
  20. ^ "Explore Boulder High School in Boulder, CO".
  21. ^ "Home".
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-30. Retrieved 2010-07-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2010-07-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Mountain Community Mennonite Church". Mountain Community Mennonite Church.
  25. ^ "Tri-Lakes UMC".
  26. ^ "Worship. Connect. Serve". New Life Church. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2010-07-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ "About PPLD -".
  29. ^ "Bustang Routes".
  30. ^ "Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Monument". Weatherspark.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  31. ^ US Department of Commerce, NOAA. "Denver Seasonal Snowfall". Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  32. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  33. ^ "Science Fiction". Retrieved 2020-02-07.
  34. ^ "Jenny Simpson". US Track & Field. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  35. ^ "Robert Liparulo bio".
  36. ^ "Bobby Burling". MLS Soccer. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  37. ^ Press |, The Associated (2019-11-17). "Review of Tom Clements' murder investigation kept under wraps". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  38. ^ "Patrick Joseph Garrity (Pat)". Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  39. ^ Editorial Board Opinion: Chick-fil-A Controversy, archived from the original on 2021-12-11, retrieved 2020-02-02
  40. ^ "'Existential' is the 'dumpster fire' of 2019. Like, literally". Washington Examiner. 2019-12-06. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  41. ^ "Will Supreme Court Support State Scholarships for Religious Schools?". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  42. ^ Varnell, Jeanne (1999). Women of Consequence: The Colorado Women's Hall of Fame. Johnson Books. p. 132. ISBN 9781555662141.
  43. ^ "Jennifer Sipes Video – Celebrity Interview And Paparazzi". OV Guide. Archived from the original on 2014-01-18. Retrieved February 2, 2013.

External links[edit]