Monument, Colorado

Coordinates: 39°4′52″N 104°51′45″W / 39.08111°N 104.86250°W / 39.08111; -104.86250
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Monument, Colorado
Looking west along 2nd Street
Looking west along 2nd Street
Motto(s): 
"Proud of our past, confident of our future "
Location of Monument in El Paso County, Colorado.
Location of Monument in El Paso County, Colorado.
Coordinates: 39°4′52″N 104°51′45″W / 39.08111°N 104.86250°W / 39.08111; -104.86250
Country United States
State Colorado
CountyEl Paso[1]
Incorporated (town)June 2, 1879
Government
 • TypeHome rule town
 • Town managerMike Foreman [2]
 • MayorMitch LaKind [3]
Area
 • Total6.91 sq mi (17.90 km2)
 • Land6.86 sq mi (17.78 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation6,975 ft (2,126 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,399
 • Density1,179.80/sq mi (455.53/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
80132[6]
Area code719
FIPS code08-51800
GNIS feature ID0204795
Websitetownofmonument.org

Monument is a home rule town situated at the base of the Rampart Range in El Paso County, Colorado, United States. Monument is one of the three communities that make up the Tri-Lakes area, along with Palmer Lake and Woodmoor. The town is part of the Colorado Springs metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 700,000 in 2019. Monument is bordered by Pike National Forest on the west, Colorado Springs and the United States Air Force Academy to the south, Bald Mountain, True Mountain, and Spruce Mountain to the north, and Black Forest and rolling plains to the east.[8] Monument was first settled as a stop along the Rio Grande Railroad in 1872, and the area was incorporated as a town called Henry's Station in 1879, but the name was later changed to Monument.[9] The town population was 10,399 at the 2020 United States Census,[10] an increase from the population of 5,530 in 2010 and 1,971 in 2000. On April 1, 2019, the town declared itself to be a Second Amendment sanctuary.[11]

History[edit]

Monument Rock, the formation from which the town derives its name

Monument's first homesteaders arrived in 1865 to mark out the town's preliminary shape, but settlement increased when Monument became a stop along the Rio Grande Railroad in 1872. The area was incorporated as a town called Henry's Station, after prominent settler Henry Limbach, on June 2, 1879, and the first town meeting was held July 3, 1879.[12] However, three years later the name was changed to Monument after Monument Creek and Monument Rock in the west.[13] The first records of the town can be found in various volumes in the El Paso County Courthouse dating back to 1872.[13] With the help of the railroad, which brought in necessities, people started small businesses and started to create a town.

Geography[edit]

Monument is located at 39°04′52″N 104°51′45″W / 39.081024°N 104.862491°W / 39.081024; -104.862491.[14] It is north of Colorado Springs and the United States Air Force Academy, and east of the Rampart Range, which is the eastern front range of the Rocky Mountains. Monument Creek, a gentle mountain stream beginning in the Rampart Range, eventually tumbles down through Palmer Lake and the west side of Monument to become one of the main waterways flowing south through Colorado Springs.[15] The town of Monument is situated on the southern slope of Palmer Divide, a significant geographical feature which separates the Arkansas and South Platte basins. According to the United States Census Bureau, Monument has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1880125
189017741.6%
1900156−11.9%
1910149−4.5%
192019228.9%
19301920.0%
1940175−8.9%
1950126−28.0%
196020461.9%
197039392.6%
198069075.6%
19901,02047.8%
20001,97193.2%
20105,530180.6%
202010,39988.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 1,971 people, 725 households, and 550 families residing in the town. The population density was 426.1 inhabitants per square mile (164.5/km2). There were 770 housing units at an average density of 166.4 per square mile (64.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.98% White, 0.91% African American, 1.42% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 2.03% from other races, and 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.71% of the population.

There were 725 households, out of which 45.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 38.3% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,000, and the median income for a family was $54,211. Males had a median income of $41,071 versus $27,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,878. About 5.4% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Monument town hall and police department

Monument is a home rule town and is under a home rule charter.[18] This means that the governmental policy is established by the Town Council. There are seven council members, including the mayor. The mayor is considered part of the Town Council, and has the same power as the other council members. Council members are elected for overlapping 4-year terms, and the mayor is elected for four years as well. A vacancy in office will be filled by council appointment or by voters at a regular or special election. There is a set term limit of two consecutive terms for the mayor and council members. All regular and special meetings must be open to the public, and people must be given the opportunity to be heard.

Education[edit]

The former Inez Johnson Lewis School, this building now serves as the Lewis-Palmer School District 38 administration building.

By Colorado law, Monument is a school-choice community. Because of this, there are opportunities for public schools,[19] private schools,[20] charter schools,[21] and home schooling groups.[22] The public school system is Lewis-Palmer School District 38. Lewis-Palmer District ACT scores (at 23) are about 20% higher than the average state scores (at 19) in the two high schools, Palmer Ridge and Lewis-Palmer.[23] The Lewis-Palmer district as a whole performs 15-20% better on CSAP tests than the Colorado state average.[24] There are five public elementary schools in District 38: Lewis-Palmer Elementary, Palmer Lake Elementary, Kilmer, Prairie Winds Elementary, and Bear Creek Elementary. There is one public middle school serving all of District 38: Lewis-Palmer Middle School. Monument Academy is the only charter school and serves grades K through 12.

Organizations[edit]

The residents of Monument support and participate in many different organizations. It is home to various types of churches, such as Presbyterian,[25] Catholic,[26] Lutheran,[27] Mennonite ,[28] Methodist,[29] and nondenominational.[30][31] Monument has several organizations that are unique to the community, and also several nationwide organizations. Some notable organizations in Monument include:

Transportation[edit]

The greater Monument area is bisected north/south by interstate 25 and can be accessed via exits 158 and 161. Interstate 25 passes over the top of Monument Hill which frequently experiences hazardous road conditions, particularly in the winter months; automobile accidents and traffic jams are common in this stretch of interstate[37][38][39] which serves as the primary land connection between Colorado's two largest population centers: Denver and Colorado Springs. State Highway 105 also runs east/west through Monument.

A section of railway (formerly, the Colorado and Southern Railway, now owned by BNSF) also runs parallel to interstate 25 through Monument that is used primarily for coal transport; there is currently[as of?] no passenger service on this rail line.

The only form of public transportation that exists in Monument is a park and ride bus stop for the Bustang, Colorado's interregional express bus service.[40] Rideshare services like Lyft and Uber are becoming more accessible in Monument as a benefit of the town's close proximity to Colorado Springs. Lyft and Uber currently[as of?] service all of Monument and much of the Tri-Lakes area as part of their Colorado Springs services.[41]

Climate[edit]

Monument experiences a hemiboreal continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with warm, relatively rainy summers and cold, snowy winters. As with many areas of Colorado, Monument experiences a lot of sunshine with an average of 250 sunny days per year[citation needed]. The semi-arid climate keeps the dew point very low in Monument year-round and causes the air to feel quite dry.[42] Monument is part of the Front Range urban corridor and lies on the southern slope of Monument Hill. The town is situated near the western terminus of the Palmer Divide, a low-grade ridge that extends Eastward from the Front Range and has a significant impact on Monument's climate. With the top of Monument Hill reaching 7,352 feet above sea level, Monument is one of the highest communities in the Front Range urban corridor.[43] The combination of high elevation, uniquely situated geography, semi-arid climate, and freezing cold winter months causes the town of Monument to receive considerably more snow each year than its neighboring cities. Colorado Springs (20 miles to the South) receives an average of 33 inches of snow per year and Denver (53 miles to the North) receives an average of 56 inches of snow per year, whereas the town of Monument receives an average of 110 inches of snow per year.[44]

Climate data for Monument, Colorado. (data from 1988-2003)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
66
(19)
73
(23)
86
(30)
93
(34)
93
(34)
98
(37)
96
(36)
89
(32)
79
(26)
72
(22)
65
(18)
98
(37)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 40.2
(4.6)
42.0
(5.6)
48.5
(9.2)
56.3
(13.5)
67.3
(19.6)
77.0
(25.0)
81.5
(27.5)
78.7
(25.9)
70.7
(21.5)
59.7
(15.4)
46.8
(8.2)
39.4
(4.1)
59.0
(15.0)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 16.8
(−8.4)
18.0
(−7.8)
22.9
(−5.1)
29.6
(−1.3)
38.6
(3.7)
46.1
(7.8)
52.4
(11.3)
51.4
(10.8)
43.8
(6.6)
32.8
(0.4)
22.4
(−5.3)
15.9
(−8.9)
32.6
(0.3)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(−27)
−26
(−32)
−9
(−23)
0
(−18)
21
(−6)
30
(−1)
38
(3)
35
(2)
20
(−7)
−4
(−20)
−9
(−23)
−27
(−33)
−27
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.83
(21)
0.56
(14)
2.30
(58)
3.09
(78)
2.52
(64)
2.51
(64)
2.79
(71)
3.03
(77)
1.62
(41)
1.34
(34)
1.41
(36)
0.81
(21)
22.81
(579)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.5
(34)
10.0
(25)
22.3
(57)
22.4
(57)
3.1
(7.9)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(3.6)
9.1
(23)
15.9
(40)
12.8
(33)
110.6
(281)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[45]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved September 1, 2007.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference auto was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ "Monument, CO - Official Website". townofmonument.org.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "USGS".
  6. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on November 4, 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2007.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  8. ^ "Town of Monument". www.townofmonument.net. Archived from the original on August 15, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  9. ^ Lavelett, Lucille. Through the Years at Monument, Colorado: The story of Monument Colorado. 2004. Published by Palmer Lake Historical Society, Palmer Lake, CO. ISBN 0-9755989-0-2. p. 7
  10. ^ "QuickFacts: Monument town, Colorado". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  11. ^ rachel.riley@gazette.com, RACHEL RILEY. "Monument declared 'Second Amendment Preservation Town'". Colorado Springs Gazette. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
  12. ^ Lavelett, Lucille. Through the Years at Monument, Colorado: The story of Monument Colorado. 2004. Palmer Lake Historical Society, Palmer Lake, CO. ISBN 0-9755989-0-2 p. 14
  13. ^ a b Lavelett, Lucille. Through the Years at Monument, Colorado: The story of Monument Colorado. 2004. Palmer Lake Historical Society, Palmer Lake, CO. ISBN 0-9755989-0-2 P. 7
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  15. ^ "Monument Creek Headwaters: Reviews & Upcoming Events - the Gazette". Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  18. ^ "Government | Monument, CO". www.townofmonument.org. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  19. ^ "Lewis-Palmer School District #38". lewispalmer.org.
  20. ^ [1][dead link]
  21. ^ "Monument Academy". Monument Academy.
  22. ^ Hall, Annette M. "El+Paso, Colorado (CO) Local Homeschool Support Groups". Local Homeschool.com.
  23. ^ "Explore Lewis-Palmer High School in Monument, CO". GreatSchools.org.
  24. ^ "Explore Boulder High School in Boulder, CO". GreatSchools.org.
  25. ^ "Home". www.mcpcusa.org.
  26. ^ "St. Peter's Catholic Church - Pages - Welcome to St. Peter Catholic Church". Archived from the original on March 30, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  27. ^ "Trinity-monument.org". Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  28. ^ "Mountain Community Mennonite Church". Mountain Community Mennonite Church.
  29. ^ "Tri-Lakes UMC". tlumc.org.
  30. ^ "Worship. Connect. Serve". New Life Church. Retrieved August 22, 2018.
  31. ^ "Tri-Lakes Chapel | Home". Archived from the original on July 22, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  32. ^ "Library Locations | Pikes Peak Library District". ppld.org. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  33. ^ "The American flag that survived the Challenger explosion". KUSA.com. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  34. ^ "Monument Hill Kiwanis". monumenthillkiwanis.org. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  35. ^ "About". Friends Of Monument Preserve. June 6, 2008. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  36. ^ "About TLC – Tri-Lakes Cares". tri-lakescares.org. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  37. ^ Gazette, Ellie Mulder and Kaitlin Durbin The. "'Bomb cyclone' aftermath around Colorado Springs: Relief for stranded drivers, trapped semis". Colorado Springs Gazette. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  38. ^ McKee, Spencer. "The 9 'most dangerous' drives in Colorado, according to a local". OutThere Colorado. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  39. ^ "Monument Hill proves to be a monumental challenge in winter conditions". KOAA. January 19, 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  40. ^ "Bustang Routes".
  41. ^ "Colorado Springs - Lyft". lyft.com. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  42. ^ "Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Monument". Weatherspark.
  43. ^ "Colorado topographic map, elevation, relief". topographic-map.com. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  44. ^ US Department of Commerce, NOAA. "Denver Seasonal Snowfall". www.weather.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  45. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  46. ^ "Science Fiction". archive.nytimes.com. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  47. ^ "Jenny Simpson". US Track & Field. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
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  52. ^ Varnell, Jeanne (1999). Women of Consequence: The Colorado Women's Hall of Fame. Johnson Books. p. 132. ISBN 9781555662141.
  53. ^ "Jennifer Sipes Video – Celebrity Interview And Paparazzi". OV Guide. Archived from the original on January 18, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2013.

External links[edit]