Monument to Party Founding

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Monument to Party Founding
Party-Foundation-Monument.jpg
The monument with the surrounding flag-shaped buildings
Monument to Party Founding is located in Pyongyang
Monument to Party Founding
Location in Pyongyang
Coordinates 39°1′40″N 125°46′35″E / 39.02778°N 125.77639°E / 39.02778; 125.77639Coordinates: 39°1′40″N 125°46′35″E / 39.02778°N 125.77639°E / 39.02778; 125.77639
Location Pyongyang, North Korea
Designer Mansudae Art Studio
Material Granite and bronze
Length
  • Belt: 50 m outer and 42 m inner diameter
  • Base: 70 m diameter
Height 50 metres (160 ft)
Opening date 10 October 1995 (1995-10-10)
Dedicated to The foundation of the Workers' Party of Korea
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 당창건기념탑[1]
Hancha 黨創建紀念塔[1]
Revised Romanization Dangchanggeonginyeomtap
McCune–Reischauer Tangch'anggŏnkinyŏmt'ap

The Monument to Party Founding (Chosŏn'gŭl당창건기념탑; MRTangch'anggŏnkinyŏmt'ap) is a monument in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. The monument is rich in symbolism: the hammer, sickle and calligraphy brush symbolize the workers, farmers and intellectuals. The element is 50 meters high to symbolize the 50-year anniversary of the founding of the Workers' Party of Korea. The number of slabs comprising the belt around the monument and its diameter stand for the date of birth of Kim Jong-il. The inscription on the outer belt says "The organizers of the victory of the Korean people and the leader of the Workers Party of Korea!" On the inside of the belt are three bronze reliefs with their distinct meanings: the historical root of the party, the unity of people under the party and the party's vision for a progressive future. Two red flag-shaped buildings with letters forming the words "ever-victorious" surround the monument.

History[edit]

The monument, designed by Mansudae Art Studio,[2] was completed on 10 October 1995, on the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the Workers' Party of Korea.[1] A previous monument dedicated to the foundation had been erected on 10 October 1975 on the grounds of the Party Founding Museum.[3]

The Monument to Party Founding has appeared on postage stamps in 1995 and 2005[4] and on the 50 won banknote.[5]

Features[edit]

The monument is directly opposite to the Mansu Hill Grand Monument on the other side of the Taedong River from where it can be seen.
The element based on the emblem of the Workers' Party symbolizes the worker, farmer and intellectual.

The monument is situated on Munsu Street in the Taedonggang District of Pyongyang.[6] The monument sits on the bank of the Taedong River. Opposite to the other side of the river is the Mansu Hill Grand Monument,[1] and the Korean Revolutionary Museum, both of which the Monument to Party Founding is symmetrically aligned with.[7] This axis across the center of Pyongyang symbolizes the dynasty of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il.[8]

The monument site in its entirety spans 25,000 square meters.[9] This includes a plaza in front of the monument where dances and festivities are held.[10] The lawn of the park surrounding the monument is 15,000 square meters in extent. There are 12 fountain basins. The grounds are spotted with more than 53,000 trees.[11]

There are symmetrical, waving flag-shaped, red residential buildings on either side of the monument.[11][12] The letters on top of the buildings read: "ever-victorious".[13]

The monument itself is made of granite and the reliefs are bronze.[14]

Three highest element of the monument features three clenched fists holding a hammer, sickle and a calligraphy brush.[1] The hammer and sickle symbolize workers and farmers and the brush intellectuals.[15] The triumvirate is based on the emblem of the Workers' Party of Korea.[16] The monument reaches to a height of 50 meters to signify the 50th anniversary of the party.[17]

The architectural style bears resemblance to concrete structures in the city, such as the Pyongyang Ice Rink or the Ryugyong Hotel.[18]

Belt[edit]

The three fists are surrounded by a belt, symbolizing the "single-hearted unity of the leader, Party and people".[6] The inscription on the outer belt reads: "The organizers of the victory of the Korean people and the leader of the Workers Party of Korea!" (Chosŏn'gŭl조선인민의 모든 승리의 조직자이며 향도자인 조선로동당 만세!; MRChosŏninminŭi modŭn sŭngniŭi chojikchaimyŏ hyangdojain chosŏllodongdang manse!) The diameter of the belt is 50 meters on the outside and 42 meters on the inside.[9] The belt is made of 216 blocks. The 216 blocks and the 42-meter inner diameter symbolize the date 16 February 1942, the purported date of birth of Kim Jong-il.[19] In reality, he was born on 16 February 1941 in the Soviet Union.[20]

The circular foundation under the monument is 70 meters in diameter symbolizing the about 70-year history of the party from the days of the Down-With-Imperialism Union. On the inside of the belt are three reliefs covering the history of the party.[9]

Depicts "the glorious revolutionary traditions of the Workers' Party of Korea":[21] armed anti-Japanese struggle and the foundation of the Society for Rallying Comrades, Association for the Restoration of the Fatherland and the Down-With-Imperialism Union.[22]
Depicts "the harmonious whole of the leader, the Party and the masses":[21] veteran handing down the torch of Juche to the younger generation,[23] and a worker, farmer, intellectual, soldier and a student united by the party flag.[24]
Depicts "the struggle to realize global independence":[25] the desire for reunification and the advance of socialist construction under the torch of Juche. The inscription against the world map reads: "Let us defend independence!"[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Corfield 2013, p. 142.
  2. ^ Winter, Caroline (6 June 2013). "Mansudae Art Studio, North Korea's Colossal Monument Factory". Businessweek.com. p. 1. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  3. ^ Corfield 2013, p. 160.
  4. ^ Corfield 2013, p. 143.
  5. ^ Cuhaj, George S., ed. (17 February 2012). 2013 Standard Catalog of World Paper Money – Modern Issues: 1961–Present (18 ed.). Iola: Krause Publications. p. 748. ISBN 1-4402-2956-2. 
  6. ^ a b "Tourist guide for Monument to Party Founding, Pyongyang, North Korea". Korea Konsult. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  7. ^ Willoughby 2014, p. 132.
  8. ^ Howard, Keith (2004). "Dancing for the Eternal President". In Randall, Annie J. Music, Power, and Politics. New York: Routledge. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-135-94691-3. 
  9. ^ a b c Korea Pictorial, p. 2.
  10. ^ Willoughby 2014, p. 134.
  11. ^ a b Choe So-ok; Ri Jung-gil (30 May 2002). Han Pŏn-jo, ed. Pyongyang: A Park City. Translated by Choe Sang-gwon and Im Hwan. Korea Pictorial. p. 26. OCLC 867776819. 
  12. ^ Teo, Reuben (26 April 2015). "30 Best Panoramas of Pyongyang". Reuben Teo Photography. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  13. ^ Monument to Party Founding (DVD), 6:15–6:30.
  14. ^ Hoare, James; Pares, Susan (2005). North Korea in the Twenty-first Century. Global Oriental. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-901903-91-1. 
  15. ^ Corfield 2013, p. 142-143.
  16. ^ "Architecture for Immortality of Leader". North Korean Economy Watch. KCNA. 21 May 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  17. ^ Hoare, James E. (13 July 2012). Historical Dictionary of Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Plymouth: Scarecrow Press. pp. 289–. ISBN 978-0-8108-7987-4. 
  18. ^ Willoughby 2014, p. 115.
  19. ^ Monument to Party Founding (DVD), 2:40–2:55.
  20. ^ "Profile: Kim Jong-il". BBC News. 16 January 2009. Retrieved 14 January 2017. 
  21. ^ a b Korea Pictorial, p. 5.
  22. ^ Monument to Party Founding (DVD), 3:55–4:50.
  23. ^ "Guide Explains Pyongyang Monument to the Korean Workers Party, Part 2". YouTube. North Korea Vagabond. 1 October 2013. 1:05–1:20 minutes in. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  24. ^ Monument to Party Founding (DVD), 4:50–5:30.
  25. ^ Korea Pictorial, p. 6.
  26. ^ Monument to Party Founding (DVD), 5:30–6:00.

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]