Monument to Peter I (Peter and Paul Fortress)

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Monument to Peter I in August 2015

The Monument to Peter I in the Peter and Paul Fortress in Saint Petersburg, Russia, is a bronze statue by Mihail Chemiakin. It was designed and cast in the United States in the 1980s and donated by Chemiakin to the city. It was installed on 6–7 June 1991.[1][2]

The monument is 1.90 m (6 ft 3 in) tall and is installed on a granite base with a height of 0.36 m (1 ft 2 in). It depicts Peter sitting on a throne and resembles the wax figure of Peter by Carlo Bartolomeo Rastrelli (1725). Chemiakin made the head of the statue using the mask of Peter's face taken by Rastrelli in 1719, six years before Peter's death, and this fact is mentioned at the base of the statue.[1][2] However, he enlarged his other body parts, presenting Peter in a grotesque manner. Therefore, the statue was initially criticized by locals,[3] and had to be guarded to prevent vandalism. Later, Chemiakin's view became gradually accepted.[4]

Chemiakin worked on the statue for eight years and made three versions, two others being located in Normandy, France, and in Claverack, New York, where Chemiakin lived at the time.[2] According to Chemiakin, the idea for making a statue originated from his friend Vladimir Vysotsky. Chemiakin started with the 1:1 proportions of the Rastrelli's wax figure, but gradually elongated the body, approaching the style of Russian icons.[5]


  1. ^ a b Петру I (Петропавловская крепость), памятник. Saint Petersburg Encyclopedia.
  2. ^ a b c Памятник Петру I в Санкт-Петербурге в Петропавловской крепости. Dmitry Likhachov's Fund.
  3. ^ Abbott Gleason (6 April 2009). A Companion to Russian History. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 176–. ISBN 978-1-4443-0842-6. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  4. ^ Памятник Петру I Шемякина.
  5. ^ Михаил Шемякин: «Я не дал поставить Петра I у гастронома». Interview with Chemiakin in Russian at (16 September 2010)

Coordinates: 59°57′01″N 30°19′04″E / 59.950143°N 30.317909°E / 59.950143; 30.317909