Monument to the Revolution (Kozara)

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Monument to the Revolution
Serbo-Croatian: Spomenik Revoluciji
ArtistDušan Džamonja
Year1972 (1972)
TypeSculpture
Dimensions33 m (1,300 in)
LocationMrakovica, Kozara
Coordinates45/00/45/N 16/54/40/E

Monument to the Revolution (Serbo-Croatian: Spomenik Revoluciji) is a World War II memorial sculpture by Dušan Džamonja, located at Mrakovica, one of the highest peaks of Kozara mountain, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is dedicated to the fierce battle and 2,500 Yugoslav partisan fighters and 68,500 predominantly Serb civilians killed or deported to Ustaše concentration camps during the German-Ustaše-Hungarian Kozara Offensive from June to July 1942.

The initiative for the monument's construction began in 1969 and Dušan Džamonja won the first prize for his project. Construction of the monument was completed in 1972.

Džamonja himself described the monument as an interplay of light and darkness; this cylindrical-shaped monument is composed of twenty vertical segments, each being characterized by deep-set concrete pillars (positives) and hollows (negatives). While negatives symbolize death, positives represent victory and life. Horizontally-positioned concrete blocks symbolize enemy forces who are trying to destroy life and victory but are unsuccessful.[1]

Other parts of the memorial complex include a museum and the memorial wall with the names of 9,921 Yugoslav partisans killed in battles on Kozara during World War II in Yugoslavia.[2]

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Coordinates: 45°00′45″N 16°54′40″E / 45.01250°N 16.91111°E / 45.01250; 16.91111