The Monumentum Ancyranum (Latin for "Monument of Ankara") refers to the inscription of the Res Gestae Divi Augusti ("Deeds of the Divine Augustus") located on the Augusteum (the Temple of Augustus and Rome) in Ankara, Turkey. It is the most intact copy of the Res Gestae in the world.
The Res Gestae Divi Augusti
After the death of Augustus in AD 14, a copy of the text of the Res Gestae Divi Augusti was inscribed on both walls inside the pronaos in Latin, with a Greek translation on an exterior wall of the cella.
The inscriptions are the primary surviving source of the text, since the original inscription on bronze pillars in front of the Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome has long been lost, and two other surviving inscriptions of the text are incomplete.
The Monumentum Ancyranum was first made known to the western world by Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, ambassador of Ferdinand of Austria, to the Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent (1555–1562) at Amasia in Asia Minor. Busbecq first read the inscription and identified its origin from his reading of Suetonius; he published a copy of parts of it in his Turkish Letters.
- Diehl, editor of Res Gestae Divi Augusti in the Loeb Classical Library remarks that at the time the original document was copied on the walls of many of the temples of Augustus throughout the empire, but the inscriptions have not survived.
- Diehl, in the Loeb Classical Library, gives his name as Buysbecche; Busbecq was also instrumental in introducing the lilac to European gardens, and probably tulip, through the bulbs he sent to Carolus Clusius.
- Edward Seymour Forster, translator, The Turkish Letters of Ogier de Busbecq reprinted Louisiana State University 2005.
- Botteri, P.; Fangi, G. (2003). "The Ancyra Project: the Temple of Augustus and Rome". Ankara, ISPRS Archives. volume XXXIV. pp. 84–88. part 5/W12 Commission V.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Ancyra", Encyclopædia Britannica, 1 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 953