Monyash

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Monyash
Monyash village green and remains of the market cross, Derbyshire, UK.JPG
Village green
Monyash is located in Derbyshire
Monyash
Monyash
Monyash shown within Derbyshire
Population314 (2011)
OS grid referenceSK149665
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBAKEWELL
Postcode districtDE45
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°11′46″N 1°46′37″W / 53.196°N 1.777°W / 53.196; -1.777Coordinates: 53°11′46″N 1°46′37″W / 53.196°N 1.777°W / 53.196; -1.777

Monyash (/muhn-ee-ash/ munyash) is a village and civil parish in the Peak District in Derbyshire, England, about 5 miles (8.0 km) west of the market town Bakewell. It is centered on a village green about 265 metres (869 ft) above sea level at the head of Lathkill Dale in the limestone area known as the White Peak.[1][2] In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 314.[3] Tourism and farming (milk, beef and lamb) are the predominant activities of the village. In its history the area has been an important meeting place (about 2000 BC), a watering point for drovers’ animals at the intersection of several trade routes, and, for over 700 years, a busy industrial centre supporting the local lead mining industry.[4]

History[edit]

People have been living in and around Monyash since Neolithic times (3750–1750 BC) and probably before then. The nearby impressive stone circle and henge, Arbor Low, was likely built around 2000 BC by people living in the village who also farmed the relatively fertile soils at the head of Lathkill Dale.[4]

The village can attribute its existence, and its name, to water. Lying underneath the centre of the village is a narrow band of clay deposited during the Ice Age. This resulted in pools of standing water, a highly unusual feature in a limestone area. Over time meres (ponds) were fashioned into the clay by the villagers that enabled life before piped water.[4] Only one remains today, called Fere Mere, which is situated behind the Primary School.[5]

The Domesday Book of 1086 names the village as Maneis, a berewick of Bakewell[6] and owned by the King.[7] The name Maneis means "many springs or waters".

In an Anglo-Saxon tumulus on Benty Grange farm, in the south of the parish, the famous Benty Grange helmet was discovered in 1848.

During the 14th century Monyash prospered from the mining of lead and with the granting of a charter for a weekly market. Indeed, over the next few hundred years Monyash grew into a major lead mining area with its own Barmote Court.[8] Besides farming, other activities included limestone quarrying and marble polishing. As a result of all this activity, by the middle of the 19th century, Monyash was a busy place, with a population of some 500 inhabitants, almost twice what it is today, with a wide range of trades including blacksmiths, cobblers, butchers, wheelwrights, wool merchants, joiners, dressmakers, shoe makers, and five pubs.[9]

Buildings and structures[edit]

St Leonard's Church, the parish church, was founded sometime between 1100 and 1192. It has a Norman piscina and sedilia.[1] The building is a patchwork of additions and developments. The major enlargements took place around 1199, 1250, 1348 and 1370, followed by two major restorations in 1886–1888 (by William Butterfield) and 1996–2006. The church also contains a 15th-century font.[10] Today the church is a grade II* listed building of national importance.[4]

John Gratton (1640–1711), who lived in Monyash for 34 years, encouraged the development of the non-conformist movement, and from the late 18th century the village became a Quaker stronghold, often visited by the Radical Quaker statesman, John Bright. Many of the lead mines were in fact operated by the London Lead Company, a Quaker firm.[11] On his death, Gratton left his cottage and some land, the cottage becoming the Friends’ Meeting House, the ‘Quaker Chapel’.

The Bulls Head

The present Methodist Chapel was built in two parts. The original Primitive Methodist chapel was erected in 1835 and is now the church hall. A new Primitive Methodist Chapel was joined onto it in 1888.

On the village green are the 'King' and 'Queen' trees, planted to celebrate the Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary in 1910.

The Pinfold, a pound, is located on the edge of Monyash, on the road towards Flagg. Stray cattle and sheep were rounded up by the Pinder into this small walled enclosure, from which they could be retrieved, after payment of a fee.[1]

Today there is only one remaining pub (the Bull's Head), which dates from the late 17th / early 18th century. There is also a cafe (The Old Smithy Tea Rooms), and there are Public Toilets on the Bakewell side of the village, nearer Lathkill Dale.

The village has a newly refurbished play area which was designed by children from the local school.

Festivals[edit]

Monyash also participates in the local custom of well dressing.

It has a school, a pub (The Bull's Head), a church, a chapel and a Quaker Meeting House.

The prehistoric Stone Circle Arbor Low is also just 2.8 miles from the village.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Monyash website
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Outdoor Leisure Map No.24: The Peak District, White Peak Area (2015). ISBN 9780319469422
  3. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Johnston, Robert and Shirley Johnston, (2010), Monyash: The Making of a Derbyshire Village, The Horizon Press, Ashbourne, ISBN 978-1-84306-524-1
  5. ^ Monyash Village in DerbyshireUK site
  6. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.1379
  7. ^ British History Domesday site
  8. ^ Genuki Genealogy site
  9. ^ Kelly's Directory transcript Archived 2011-06-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Monyash Church page
  11. ^ Monyash webpage

External links[edit]