Moo Duk Kwan
Moo Duk Kwan fist logo, created by Hwang Kee in 1955
|Country of origin||Korea|
(November 9, 1914–July 14, 2002)
|Current head||Hwang Hyun-chul|
|Arts taught||Soo Bahk Do|
|Ancestor schools||Hwa Soo Do|
|Descendant schools||Soo Bahk Do|
|Moo Duk Kwan|
|Revised Romanization||Mu Deok Gwan|
|McCune–Reischauer||Mu Dŏk Kwan|
Moo Duk Kwan is the trademarked name of a martial art organization founded by Hwang Kee in Korea in 1945. Licensed Moo Duk Kwan schools teach Soo Bahk Do, formerly Tang Soo Do (and earlier 'Hwa Soo Do'). 'Moo Duk Kwan' translates as "School of Martial Virtue".
As a child, Hwang Kee witnessed a man using Taekyon to defend himself against a large group. The experience later inspired him to develop his own martial art. Although the Korea Taekkyon Associate disputes Hwang's story, Hwang says that the man refused to teach him, leaving him to devise his own system based on what he had seen. Traveling between Manchuria and Korea during World War II, Hwang later successfully appealed to Chinese martial arts teacher Yang Kuk Jin for training, fusing together Chinese and Korean martial arts into a form he initially called Hwa Soo Do ("the Way of the Flowering Hand"), altering to Hwa Soo (Tang Soo) Do after the November 9, 1945 opening of a training hall proved unsuccessful. The new name led to greater success.
Hwang Kee further expanded his Moo Duk Kwan school of martial arts after in 1957 he was introduced to the Muye Dobo Tongji by a librarian at the Korean National University in Seoul. It referenced the martial arts system of Subak, a bare hands and feet technique. Hwang Kee changed the name of his martial art system to "Soo Bakh Do" on June 30, 1960.
By 1960, tang soo do was being practiced by almost 75% of all martial artists in Korea, but the art did face challenges particularly in expanding beyond Korea, including attempted mergers into Taekwondo. However, in spite of these challenges it eventually spread worldwide, with close to 300,000 practitioners.
After Hwang Kee died on July 14, 2002, his son Hwang Hyun-chul (Jin Mun) was named his successor. His appointment was approved unanimously by the Board of Directors of the United States Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan Federation, Inc. as well as other chapters through the world.
Trademark and schools
In the United States, "Moo Duk Kwan" and the fist logo are federally registered trademarks of the U.S. Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan Federation and "Soo Bahk Do" and the "Soo Bahk Do logo" are service marks.
- "Korea Taekkyon Association". Taekkyon.or.kr.
- Brief History of the Moo Duk Kwan. World Moo Duk Kwan Official Web Site Archived May 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- USPTO 3023145
- USPTO 1446944
- USPTO 3119287
- USPTO 3103190
- USPTO 1,811,174
- History of Moo Duk Kwan By Hwang Kee ISBN 0-9631358-7-2
- A Modern History of Taekwondo 1999 (Korean) Kyong Myung Lee and Kang Won Sik ISBN 89-358-0124-0
- Excerpts from "A Modern History of Taekwondo"
- Global Taekwondo 2003 (English) Kyo Yoon Lee ISBN 89-952721-4-7
- A Guide to Taekwondo 1996 (English) Kyo Yoon Lee ISBN 89-7500-064-8
- Kukkiwon 25th Anniversary Text 1997 (Korean) Un Yong Kim
- Kukkiwon Textbook 2006 (English/Korean) Um Woon Kyu
- Beginning Moo Duk Kwan Tae Kwon Do Korean Art of Self-Defense Volume 1 by Richard Chun.
- Hancock, J. and Plyler, J. (2004). The International Tangsoodo Alliance Official Instructor's Manual, Revised Edition. Guthrie, KY: International Tangsoodo Alliance.
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