|7th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development|
September 24, 1979 – January 20, 1981
|Preceded by||Patricia Harris|
|Succeeded by||Samuel Pierce|
|56th Mayor of New Orleans|
May 4, 1970 – May 1, 1978
|Preceded by||Victor H. Schiro|
|Succeeded by||Ernest Nathan Morial|
|Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives|
from the 12th district
|Preceded by||J. Marshall Brown|
|Succeeded by||Eddie Sapir|
Maurice Edwin Landrieu
July 23, 1930
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
|Children||9, including Mary and Mitch|
|Education||Loyola University New Orleans (BA, JD)|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1954–1957|
Maurice Edwin Landrieu (born July 23, 1930) is an American politician from Louisiana who served as the 56th Mayor of New Orleans from 1970 to 1978. He also is a former judge. He represented New Orleans' Twelfth Ward in the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1960 to 1966, served on the New Orleans City Council as a member at-large from 1966 to 1970 and was the United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under U.S. President Jimmy Carter from 1979 to 1981. He is a member of the Democratic Party.
Early life and career
Landrieu was born in Uptown New Orleans. He went to Jesuit High School. Landrieu won a baseball scholarship at Loyola University New Orleans, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in business administration in 1952 and a law degree in 1954. As an undergraduate, he was elected student body president at Loyola. After a three-year stint in the United States Army, Landrieu opened a law practice and taught accounting at Loyola.
In the late 1950s, Landrieu became involved in the youth wing of Mayor deLesseps Morrison's Crescent City Democratic Organization. Running on Morrison's ticket, Landrieu was elected by the 12th Ward of New Orleans to the Louisiana House of Representatives in 1960 to succeed J. Marshall Brown. There he voted against the "hate bills" of the segregationists, which the legislature passed in the effort to thwart the desegregation of public facilities and public schools.
In 1962, Landrieu ran for New Orleans City Council and lost but, in 1966, he was elected Councilman-at-large. In 1969, he led a successful push for a city ordinance outlawing segregation based on race or religion in public accommodations, an issue that had been addressed nationally in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. As councilman, Landrieu also voted to remove the Confederate flag from the council chambers and voted to establish a biracial human relations committee. He succeeded with both votes.
Landrieu as mayor
Landrieu was elected mayor of New Orleans in the election of 1970 to succeed fellow Democrat Victor Schiro. His opponent in the Democratic primary runoff was Louisiana Lieutenant Governor Jimmy Fitzmorris. Landrieu won by assembling a coalition comprising 90 percent of black voters and 39 percent of whites. Perennial candidate Addison Roswell Thompson, the operator of a taxicab stand and a member of the Ku Klux Klan, also ran again for mayor in the Democratic primary, but polled negligible support. In the general election, Landrieu defeated Ben C. Toledano. In that contest, Landrieu received 99 percent support from black voters.
On May 3, 1970, the day before he took his oath of office as mayor, Landrieu received a death threat by telephone, but authorities quickly caught the culprit. During his tenure as mayor, Landrieu oversaw desegregation of city government and public facilities as well as encouraging integration within business and professional organizations. Before Landrieu was elected, there were no high-ranking black employees or officials in City Hall; he worked actively to change this by appointing African Americans to top positions, including Chief Administrative Officer, the number two position in the executive branch of city government. When Landrieu took office in 1970, African Americans made up 19 percent of city employees; by 1978, this number had risen to 43 percent. He also appointed Reverend A.L. Davis to fill a temporary vacancy on the City Council; Davis was the city's first black city councilor. Landrieu also employed an African American assistant: Robert H. Tucker, Jr.
Landrieu obtained federal funds for the revitalization of New Orleans' poor neighborhoods, and he promoted the involvement of minority-owned businesses in the city's economic life. Like his predecessor, Landrieu presided over continued suburban-style growth in the Algiers and New Orleans East districts, with Algiers essentially built-out, having exited its greenfield development stage, by the end of his administration. Landrieu was also involved in the planning and construction of the Louisiana Superdome, the Piazza d'Italia, and other projects designed to improve the economy of New Orleans. He advocated the creation of the Downtown Development District to revitalize the New Orleans CBD, and worked to promote the city's tourism industry. His tourism-related projects included the Moon Walk, a riverfront promenade facing the French Quarter, the Louisiana Superdome, as well as renovations of the French Market and Jackson Square.
By the midpoint of Schiro's mayoral administration, an accelerating number of building demolitions were approved and other projects were also being contemplated, such as the elevated Claiborne Expressway and Riverfront Expressway segments of I-10. Landrieu authorized the 1972 New Orleans Housing and Neighborhood Preservation Study. Most of that study's recommendations were enacted by Landrieu, including the 1976 establishment of the Historic District Landmarks Commission ("HDLC"), which extended design review and demolition controls for the first time to parts of New Orleans outside the French Quarter . In this period, Congress passed federal tax incentives favoring the rehabilitation of historic buildings. Combined with the founding of HDLC, New Orleans had hundreds of historic tax credit-subsidized redevelopment projects in the ensuing decades, representing hundreds of millions of dollars of new investment.
During 1975–1976, Landrieu served as president of the United States Conference of Mayors. He was reelected in 1974 and served until April 1978. After leaving office, he was succeeded by Dutch Morial, the city's first black mayor. Landrieu was the last white elected mayor of New Orleans until his son Mitch was elected in 2010.
After city hall
After leaving office in 1978, Landrieu served as Secretary of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Landrieu served as judge of the Louisiana 4th Circuit Court of Appeals from 1992 until his retirement in 2000. He is the father of former U.S. Senator Mary Landrieu and former New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu. In 2004, Landrieu was inducted in the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame in Winnfield. His daughter Mary was inducted into the organization three years later. Landrieu's personal papers are archived at Loyola University New Orleans and the New Orleans Public Library.
- Timeline of New Orleans, 1960s–1970s
- "Moon Landrieu's life threatened", Minden Press-Herald, May 4, 1970, p. 1
- Morial retains racial mix inherited from Landrieu, The Times-Picayune, May 6, 1980.
- Eckstein (2015), p. 136.
- "Wholesale demolition is a discredited approach", The Times-Picayune, February 6, 2010.
- Winnfield, La - Old L&A Depot, LA Political Museum Archived 2009-07-03 at the Wayback Machine
- "Moon Landrieu Collection" (PDF). Special Collections & Archives, J. Edgar & Louise S. Monroe Library, Loyola University New Orleans. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Mayor Moon Landrieu Records, 1970-1978". New Orleans Public Library. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- Baker, Liva. The Second Battle of New Orleans: The Hundred Year Struggle to Integrate the Schools. Harper Collins, 1996.
- Eckstein, Barbara (2015). Sustaining New Orleans: Literature, Local Memory, and the Fate of a City. Routledge. ISBN 1135403325.
- Hirsch, Arnold and Joseph Logsdon. Creole New Orleans: Race and Americanization. LSU Press, 1992.
- Perez, Dawn Watts. "Moon Landrieu: Reflections of Change." UNO Masters Thesis, 1996.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moon Landrieu.|
- Oral History Interview with Moon Landrieu from Oral Histories of the American South
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- New Orleans Public Library Mayor Moon Landrieu Photograph Collection
|Louisiana House of Representatives|
J. Marshall Brown (D)
| State Representative, New Orleans' Twelfth Ward
Eddie Sapir (D)
James Fitzmorris (D) & Joseph DiRosa (D)
| Councilmembers at Large, New Orleans
Moon Landrieu (D) & John Petre (D)
James Moreau (D) & Joseph DiRosa (D)
Victor Schiro (D)
| Mayor of New Orleans
Ernest "Dutch" Morial (D)
Patricia Roberts Harris
| U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Served under: Jimmy Carter
Samuel Riley Pierce