This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The term derives from the once widespread superstition, present in many European folk traditions, that such malformed creatures were the product of the sinister influence of the Moon on fetal development. The earliest recorded use of the term was in 1565, referring to a human false pregnancy.
Mooncalf is used as a derogatory term indicating someone is a dullard, fool or otherwise not particularly bright or sharp. For example, W. C. Fields in The Bank Dick (1940) advises his prospective son-in-law to avoid being a "mooncalf" by buying shares he has been conned into believing are worth much more than the proffered price.
Mooncalf is also the name of a species of magical creatures in the world of the Harry Potter series. It is described in Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them as a shy, nocturnal creature with a smooth, pale grey body, bulging eyes and four spindly legs with large flat feet. Mooncalves perform dances in the moonlight, and are apparently responsible for crop circles. In the film of the same name, Newt Scamander's collection of creatures in his suitcase includes a herd of Mooncalves.
Wilfred Maxwell, narrator and protagonist of occultist Dion Fortune’s 1938 novel, The Sea Priestess, refers several times to a mentally handicapped character who falls into the sea and disappears as a "mooncalf".
- Quinion, Michael. "Mooncalf". World Wide Words. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- Wells, H. G. (1901). "Chapter 11: The Mooncalf Pastures". The First Men in the Moon.
- Rowling, J. K. (2001). "An A–Z of Fantastic Beasts". Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them.
- Fortune, Dion (1978) . The Sea Priestess. Chapter X, p. 86, et infra.