Moonlight Maze

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Moonlight Maze is the name of an FBI inquiry into a cyber attack on United States government networks that began in 1998.[1][2][3][4]

On September 20, 1999, Newsweek printed a story on Moonlight Maze that was written by Gregory Vistica. It was titled "'We're in the middle of a cyberwar'," based on a quote from then-Deputy Secretary of Defense John Hamre.[5] Bodmer, Kilger, Carpenter and Jones cite that the duration of the attack was well over two years and the adversary was likely able to collect a vast amount of critical information which was previously safeguarded and characterized the attack as an Advanced Persistent Threat.[6] They explained that the ability to retain access, probe these systems and collect sensitive data demonstrated a level of expertise rarely seen at that time.[6]

Federal Computer Week's Dan Verton described the Hamre quote earlier that year [7] as pertaining to "Serbia's attacks against NATO's public World Wide Web pages".

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Drogin, Bob (7 October 1999). "Russians Seem To Be Hacking Into Pentagon". Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Moonlight Maze, 1998–1999". RealClearPolitics. 26 February 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  3. ^ PBS. "Cyberwar! The Warnings?". PBS. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  4. ^ Rid, Thomas (2016). Rise of the machines : a cybernetic history. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-28600-7.
  5. ^ "Newsweek Exclusive: 'We're in the Middle of a Cyberwar'". PR Newswire. September 12, 1999. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  6. ^ a b Sean Bodmer; Dr. Max Kilger; Gregory Carpenter; Jade Jones (2012). Reverse Deception: Organized Cyber Threat Counter-Exploitation. McGraw-Hill Osborne Media. ISBN 978-0071772495.
  7. ^ Brewin, Bob (June 20, 1999). "Cyberattacks spur talk of 3rd DOD network". Retrieved 20 September 2016.