(H.R. Schinz, 1825)
|Moor macaque range|
The moor macaque (Macaca maura) is a macaque with brown/black body fur with a pale rump patch and pink bare skin on the rump. It is about 50–58.5 cm long, and eats figs, bamboo seeds, buds, sprouts, invertebrates and cereals in tropical rainforests. It is sometimes called "dog-ape" because of its dog-like muzzle, although it is no more closely related to apes than any other Old World monkey is. It is endemic to the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia.
The moor macaque is threatened mostly due to habitat loss from an expanding human population and deforestation to increase agricultural land area. The population is estimated to have decreased from 56,000 to under 10,000 from 1983 to 1994.In 1992, Supriatna et al. (1992) conducted an extensive survey and found only 3,000–5,000 individuals (2,500 mature) of the species. The survey estimated densities to be 25–50 individuals/km2 (18.7SD). Because several Sulawesi macaque species are endangered, information on ecology and behaviour is essential and conservation management plans are being conducted.
- Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 162–163. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
- Supriatna, J.; Shekelle, M. & Burton, J. (2008). "Macaca maura". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T12553A3356200. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T12553A3356200.en. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- B. J. Evans; J. Supriatna; D. J. Melnick (April 3, 2001). "Hybridization and Population Genetics of Two Macaque Species in Sulawesi, Indonesia". Evolution. The Society for the Study of Evolution. 55 (8): 1688. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
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