Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( California)|
|English, traditionally Concow and Maidu|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Concow and Maidu people|
The Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California is a federally recognized tribe of Concow and Maidu people in Butte County. Concow, or Konkow, people are the northwestern or foothill branch of the Maidu people, who traditionally spoke the Concow language
The Mooretown Rancheria is a federally recognized ranchería with an area about 200 acres. It is located in the community of Oroville East, in suburban Oroville. Other nearby communities include South Oroville and Palermo.
Fred Taylor, Bob Jackson, Ina Martin-Jackson were the original Maidu Native Americans living in Mooretown Rancheria on two 80 acre tracts. Kate Archuleta was the st-daughter of Fred Taylor and was only on land as a dependent.
Ina lost her husband Frank Martin who was 4/4 Maidu in 1913. In 1916 she married Frank Martin's Best friend Robert Jackson and they lived in Mooretown Rancheria (See 1920 Census and 1928 Rolls.) As years go by Robert and Ina Jackson and Fred Taylor's family continue to work with the Federal Government over land disputes and protection for their lands to the BIA.
To be considered an "Indian Tribe that is restored to Federal Recognition," as that term is used in IGRA, a tribe must demonstrate:
1) a history of governmental recognition; 2) a termination of recognition; and 3) restoration of recognition. See Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians v. Office of U.S. Attorney for the W. Dist. Of Mich., 369 F.3d 960, 967 (6th Cir. 2004).
Bob Jackson, Ina Martin-Jackson, and Fred Taylor were used to show that Mooretown Indians had history working with federal government by the creation of the Rancheria by the U.S. when it set aside and purchased land to form the Rancheria in 1894 and again in 1916.
In 1979, Indian residents from the Rancheria joined Indians from other California Rancherias in a class action lawsuit to RESTORE the reservation status of their land, asserting that their trust relationship had been illegally terminated under the Rancheria Act of 1958. See Hardwick v. U.S., No. C-79-1710 SW.
This win in 1983 provided the following:
1. Class members of the seventeen Rancherias were Indians under the laws of the US and shall be restored and confirmed. **This meant Bob Jackson, Ina Martin-Jackson, Kate Archuleta and Fred Taylors Land rights and distribution was restored. 2. Interior shall recognize the Indians, Tribe, Bands, and Communities or groups for the seventeen Rancherias as Indian entities with the SAME status as they possessed prior to distribution of assets of these Rancherias. As well as be Federally Recognized.
This was finally approved and signed June 10, 1988. Mooretown needed Historical Connections to the land, not connection from 1983, but proof that our family lived on property. Without them our Rancheria would not have been built. During the reorganization of Mooretown Rancheria Ina Martin-Jackson's kids continued to be involved and had the native blood to prove lineage to Mooretown Rancheria as well as ownership to Parcel 1 80 acre tract..
In 1988 after all land and rights were restored by Federal Government a Tribal Government was created. Ina Martin-Jackson's kids from Bob and Frank were involved with the changes and lived on the Rancheria. Some members did live off reservation but were still blood and were involved in all voting and work reorganization our tribe.
Mooretown Rancheria was not built on non natives, but on Native American Blood, Maidu blood. Fred Taylor and his kids he had are of Mooretown. Bob Jackson's kids are of Mooretown. Ina Martin-Jackson's kids are of Mooretown. Kate Archuleta was adopted into tribe as her father died. Kate states she grew up on Rancheria and should have rights. Ina was a land owner with her husband Robert Jackson and they both built their 80 acre tract back to health. Kate was not the original land owner, only by marriage, she was never adopted as her last name was never Taylor.
The tribe owns and operates the Feather Falls Casino, Feather Falls Casino Brewing Company, The Lodge at Feather Falls Casino, KOA Kampground, Feather Falls Mini Mart, and the Feather Smoke Shop, all located in Oroville.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1
- Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California, official website
- Tribal History, Feather Falls