|Place of origin||Brazil|
|Main ingredients||Seafood, fish or shrimp, onions, garlic, tomatoes, cilantro and coriander|
|Variations||Moqueca capixaba, Moqueca baiana|
|Part of a series on|
|Types of food|
Moqueca (IPA: [moˈkɛkɐ] or IPA: [muˈkɛkɐ] depending on the dialect, also spelled muqueca) is a Brazilian seafood stew. It is slowly cooked in a terracotta cassole. Moqueca can be made with shrimp or fish as a base with tomatoes, onions, garlic, lime and coriander. The name moqueca comes from the term mu'keka in Kimbundu language. The full meal set is the fish stew, banana da terra stew (same process of stewing the fish but with the banana da terra), pirão and white rice. Each one in its own clay pan.
Traditional moqueca is recognized as moqueca capixaba and is native to the state of Espírito Santo. It is a combination of Brazilian and Portuguese cuisine. It is considered a softer and ligher version of moqueca. Lighter oils, such as extra-virgin olive oil, are used instead of palm oil (as in the Bahian version). Urucum pigment is added, and it is always cooked in a traditional clay pan. Moqueca capixaba can be made with fish, shrimp, crabs, sea crab or lobsters. The full meal set includes banana da terra (plantain) stew as a side dish as well as pirão and white rice - each one in its own clay pan. The dish is usually seasoned with onion, tomatoes, coriander, and chives. It is usually accompanied by pirão, which is the paste made with cassava root flour ("farinha de mandioca") and the gravy from the stew.
The capixaba pan
Capixaba pans, special panellas de barro, are made with black clay and glazed with mangrove tree sap. After being shaped and fired, sap is re-applied. This blackens the clay and makes it water resistant. The pan must be seasoned with oil a couple of times before use.
Moqueca baiana was developed in the state of Bahia, Brazil. It was further influenced by African and Portuguese cuisines by adding dendê palm oil and coconut milk, respectively. Traditional ingredients remain the same with the dish typically garnished with chopped coriander, then served with rice and farofa.
In popular culture
- Moqueca was featured on the Netflix TV series, Street Food volume 2, which focused on Latin American Street Foods.
- Comidas Típicas : A Cidade : Prefeitura de Vitória
- "Cookware from Goiabeiras, Vitória". Capixaba da Gema.
- "Moqueca Baiana | Traditional Stew From Bahia | TasteAtlas". www.tasteatlas.com. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
- Anderson, John. "'Street Food: Latin America' Review: A Platter of Vicarious Delights". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Retrieved 9 September 2020.