Moral courage

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Moral courage is the courage to take action for moral reasons despite the risk of adverse consequences.[1]

Courage is required to take action when one has doubts or fears about the consequences. Moral courage therefore involves deliberation or careful thought. Reflex action or dogmatic fanaticism do not involve moral courage because such impulsive actions are not based upon moral reasoning.[2]

Moral courage may also require physical courage when the consequences are punishment or other bodily peril.[3]

Moral courage has been seen as the exemplary modernist form of courage.[4]

Parenting approach[edit]

Parenting with the incorporation of moral courage can have an effect on the gender roles and self-expression of young adolescents. For example, young girls who conform to society's interpretation of women being passive.[5] Both the parents and children engage in moral courage from different standpoints. The development of moral courage within parenting looks at not only on the parent's passed down moral values but the children's autonomy on how to perceive and practice their moral values.[5] Those who incorporate the practice of their morals values into their everyday lives engage in moral courage to protect those values as well.[6] Therefore, this parenting approach with practice of moral courage demonstrates a relationship between how parents morally raise their children and how the children choose to act based on their learned moral values.

Workplace allies[edit]

In a workplace, LGBT employees can experience behaviors or actions of discriminating nature as well as violent hate crimes. As sexual and gender identity minorities, the LGBT employees express a need for straight or heterosexual allies in the workplace to go to as a resource.

A research study was performed using qualitative research methods to analyze the process of how and individuals become LGBT allies.[7] The study mentions how human resources development play a role in this matter. Human resources development professionals have the responsibility and the power to incorporate what LGBT employees desire in a workplace: inclusion, safety, and equal treatment with heterosexual employees.[7]

Moral courage distinguishes the abilities of a heterosexual LGBT ally and a human resources development professional. While heterosexual LGBT allies, acting on their moral values provide support and stand up for their LGBT colleagues, human resource development professionals and their positions in the workplace translates their values into action which translates into movement for change regarding LGBT discrimination.[7]


  1. ^ P. Aarne Vesilind, "The Courage To Do The Right Thing choose between right and wrong", The right thing to do: an ethics guide for engeenering students 
  2. ^ Douglas N. Walton, "Moral Deliberation and Conduct", Courage, a philosophical investigation 
  3. ^ Daniel A. Putman, Psychological courage 
  4. ^ T. A. Shippey, The Road to Middle Earth (1992) pp. 72–73
  5. ^ a b Bronstein, Phyllis; Fox, Barbara J.; Kamon, Jody L.; Knolls, Michelle L. (30 May 2007). "Parenting and Gender as Predictors of Moral Courage in Late Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study". Sex Roles. pp. 661–74. doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9182-8. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  6. ^ Brooks, A. K.; Edwards, K. (5 January 2009). "Allies in the Workplace: Including LGBT in HRD". Advances in Developing Human Resources. 11 (1): 136–49. doi:10.1177/1523422308328500. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c Brooks, Ann K.; Edwards, Kathleen (1 February 2009). "Allies in the Workplace: Including LGBT in HRD". Advances in Developing Human Resources. 11 (1): 136–49. doi:10.1177/1523422308328500. ISSN 1523-4223. 

Further reading[edit]