Moran State Park
|Moran State Park|
|Washington State Park|
Mountain Lake in Moran State Park
|Elevation||932 ft (284 m) |
|Area||5,579 acres (2,258 ha)|
|Management||Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission|
|Website: Moran State Park|
Moran State Park is a Washington state park located on Orcas Island encompassing over 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) of forest, much of it old growth. It is the largest public recreation area in the San Juan Islands. Mount Constitution (elevation 2,409 feet (734 m)) is a focal point of the park. A road and hiking trails lead to the top of the mountain and a 360-degree view of the region's mountain and marine geography. An observation tower, built in the 1930s, is patterned after the 12th-century Caucasian towers.
Moran State Park
|Location||S of East Sound on Orcas Island, Orcas Island, Washington|
|Area||30 acres (12 ha)|
|Architectural style||Bungalow/craftsman, Other, Arts and Crafts|
|NRHP Reference #||78002772|
|Added to NRHP||November 2, 1978|
The land for Moran State Park was donated to the state in 1921 by Seattle mayor and shipbuilder Robert Moran. Due to poor health, Moran moved to Orcas Island and between 1906 and 1909 built his estate, naming it Rosario. Wood and stone material found on the island were used to construct the estate's houses and buildings.
In August 1935, 28 men from the 4768th Company of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) begin constructing a stone observation tower atop 2,409-foot Mount Constitution in Moran State Park on Orcas Island. Designed by noted Seattle architect Ellsworth Storey (1879-1960), the tower is the literal and figurative high point of eight years of work by crews from the CCC's Camp Moran. The observation tower sits at the highest point in the San Juan Islands and is boasted as the second best marine view in the western hemisphere behind Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The former Moran estate is privately operated as Rosario Resort and Spa and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Rosario mansion features a museum honoring Robert Moran, complete with original furnishings. The mansion's music room is home to a 1913 34-rank Aeolian pipe organ and 1900 Steinway grand piano, both of which are still played for visitors today. The Civilian Conservation Corps built many of the park's trails, roads, bridges, and buildings during the 1930s.
Activities and amenities
The park offers hiking on 38 miles of hiking trails, biking on 11 miles of trails during peak season and all trails in the off season; horseback riding on 6 miles of trails, boating (The park provides two boat ramps, no internal combustion engines are allowed) and camping is offered year round. Reservations are highly recommended during peak season (May 15 through September 15th.) All other camping is drop in and on a first come-first served basis in the off season (Fall, Winter, and Shoulder.)
The park has 151 tent spaces, one dump station, five restrooms (one ADA), and 10 showers (two ADA). No electric hookup sites are available at the park. Campsites are located in five different camping areas, listed in order from the Park Entrance there is: Northend Campground (sites 67 through 118,) Midway Campground (sites 18 through 66,) Southend Campground (sites 1 through 17,) Primitive Area (Non-reservable and exclusive to hikers and bicyclists,) and Mountain Lake Campground (sites 119 through 136.)
- "Moran State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Moran State Park". Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
- National Geographic's guide to the state parks of the United States
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "HistoryLink.org- the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History". www.historylink.org. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
- "Rosario Resort and Spa". Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- Walker, T. "Moran State Park, a Washington park located near Anacortes, Bellingham and Ferndale". www.stateparks.com. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
- Moran State Park Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission
- Moran State Park Map Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission