Morane-Saulnier MoS-50

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Morane-Saulnier MS 50C (MS-52) K-SIM 02.jpg
Morane-Saulnier MS 50C at Aviation Museum of Central Finland
Role Trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
Introduction 1924
Retired 1930s
Primary users French Air Force
Finnish Air Force
Turkish Air Force

Morane-Saulnier MoS-50 (also MS.50) was a French parasol configuration trainer aircraft built in 1924. The twin-seat aircraft was of wooden construction and was one of the last aircraft to have a rotary engine, a 97 kW (130 hp) Clerget 9B.

In 1925 six MS.50Cs were sold to Finland, where they were used as trainers until 1932. It was very popular in service. Five aircraft of the modified MS.53 type were sold to Turkey.


Morane-Saulier M.S.50
Three seat prototype, powered by a 89 kW (120 hp) Salmson AC9 9-cylinder radial engine.[1]
Two-seat primary trainer aircraft powered by a 97 kW (130 hp) Clerget 9B rotary engine.
Powered by a 130 kW (180 hp) Hispano-Suiza 8ab V-8 cylinder piston engine. Only three were built.
Improved version of M.S.51, with same engine.[2]
M.S.53 with a 170 kW (230 hp) Salmson engine.[2]


The only preserved aircraft of this type is at the Aviation Museum of Central Finland.[3]


French Air Force[citation needed]
Finnish Air Force
Turkish Air Force

Specifications (MS 50C)[edit]

Data from Thulinista Hornettiin[4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.6 m (24 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.7 m (38 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 3.1 m (10 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 24 m2 (260 sq ft)
  • Max takeoff weight: 860 kg (1,896 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Clerget 9B 9-cyl air-cooled rotary piston engine, 100 kW (130 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed


  • Maximum speed: 170 km/h (106 mph; 92 kn)
  • Endurance: 2½ hours
  • Service ceiling: 5,500 m (18,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 2 m/s (390 ft/min)


  1. ^ Serryer, J. (5 March 1925). "L'avion Morane, type 50". Les Ailes (194): 2. 
  2. ^ a b Serryer, J. (20 May 1926). "Les avions Morane-Saulnier". Les Ailes (257): 2–3. 
  3. ^ Ogden, Bob (2009). Aviation Museums and Collections of Mainland Europe. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd. p. 93. ISBN 978 0 85130 418 2. 
  4. ^ Heinonen, Timo (1992). Thulinista Hornettiin - 75 vuotta Suomen Ilmavoimien koneita. Keski-Suomen Ilmailumuseon. ISBN 9519568824. 

See also[edit]

Related lists