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|Royal Flying Corps MS.24 Type P|
|Primary users||Aéronautique Militaire|
Royal Flying Corps
The Morane-Saulnier Type P (official designations MS.21, MS.24 and MS.26) was a French parasol wing two-seat reconnaissance aeroplane of the First World War. Morane-Saulnier built 595 for the French air force, and it was also used by the British until 1916-17.
In addition to being fitted with ailerons and having a more streamlined fuselage, the Type P was faster and better armed than its better known ancestor, the Type L (MS.3) and had a more developed structure compared to the intermediate Morane-Saulnier LA (MS.4).
Three versions were built under Morane-Saulnier's factory designation of Type P, the first being the MS.21, which although externally similar to the Type LA, had its internal structure completely redesigned, with the most visible evidence being the more robust center section struts, and with other details borrowed from the Type N (MS.5), such as a substantial spinner, known as the "casserole".
The MS.24 was built specifically for the Royal Flying Corps to operate alongside their Morane-Saulnier LAs while replacing those lost to attrition, but due to shortages of the 110 hp (82 kW) Le Rhône rotary engine used in the MS.21, it was powered by an 80 hp (60 kW) Le Rhône. The RFC also operated the MS.21.
The MS.26 was similar to the MS.21, but was fitted with a 120 hp (89 kW) Le Rhône engine which was enclosed in a full cowling, and like the 24, dispensed with the spinner commonly found on the MS.21.
- Type P
- Factory designation
- Official designation of initial version powered with a 110 hp (82 kW) Le Rhône 9J engine
- Official designation of RFC version powered with a 80 hp (60 kW) Le Rhône 9C engine
- Official designation of final version powered with a 120 hp (89 kW) Le Rhône 9Jc engine
- Examples of other variants modified with wing area reduced to act as ground handling trainers.
Specifications (Type P/MS.21)
Data from The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps (Military Wing)
- Crew: two
- Length: 7.2 m (23 ft 7⅜ in)
- Wingspan: 11.2 m (36 ft 8⅞ in)
- Height: 3.47 m (11 ft 4⅝ in)
- Wing area: 18 m² (194 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 433 kg (953 lb)
- Loaded weight: 733 kg (1,613 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhone 9J rotary engine, 82 kW (110 hp)
- Maximum speed: 156 km/h (97 mph) at 2,000 m (6,560 ft)
- Endurance: 2½ hours
- Service ceiling: 4,800 m (15,740 ft)
- Climb to 3,000 m (9,840 ft): 15 min 50 s
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- Bruce 1982, p. 312.
- Bruce, J.M. The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps (Military Wing). London: Putnam, 1982. ISBN 0-370-30084-X.
- Davilla, Dr. James J.; Soltan, Arthur (1997). French Aircraft of the First World War. Mountain View, CA: Flying Machines Press. ISBN 978-1891268090.
See also Lewis, Cecil Sagittarius Rising for descriptions of operations carried out flying various Parasols