|Type S and Type T|
|First flight||July 1914|
Design and development
The Morane-Saulnier T was a large, five-bay biplane of conventional configuration, with unstaggered wings of equal span. The conical rear fuselage and large triangular vertical stabilizer were reminiscent of a scaled-up version of some Morane-Saulnier's smaller designs. The engines were mounted tractor-fashion in streamlined nacelles supported by struts in the interplane gap and the propellers on the Type T were often fitted with large spinners. The Renault's of the Type S were cooled with Hazet type side radiators. The landing gear consisted of two main units, each of which had two wheels joined by a long axle, plus a tailskid and an auxiliary nosewheel. Three open cockpits in tandem were provided: one in the nose for a gunner, and others for the pilot and a second gunner placed further back.
Although initially designed as a bomber, the French Army ordered the type T in 1916 hoping to use it either as a bomber escort or reconnaissance aircraft. Only one example of the Type S was built, while an order was placed for 100 Type T aircraft, although only 60 or so of these were built before production was cancelled.
- Morane-Saulnier S
- company designation for 250 hp (190 kW) Renault V-12 powered version
- official French government STAe designation for the S
- Morane-Saulnier T
- company designation for 80 hp (60 kW) Le Rhône 9C powered version
- official French government STAe designation for the T
Data from Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War I, 117
- Crew: Three, pilot and two gunners
- Wingspan: 17.65 m (57 ft 11 in)
- Powerplant: 2 × Le Rhône 9C, 60 kW (80 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 156 km/h (97 mph)
- Service ceiling: 4,500 m (15,000 ft)
- Taylor 1989, 685
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, 2540
- Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War I, 117
- Davilla, Dr. James J.; Soltan, Arthur (1997). French Aircraft of the First World War. Mountain View, CA: Flying Machines Press. ISBN 978-1891268090.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. ISBN 1-85170-324-1.
- Taylor, J. W. R. (2001). Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War I. London: Studio Editions. ISBN 1851703470.
- "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft". IX. London: Aerospace Publishing (Orbis). 1981. OCLC 774502891.
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