Morane-Saulnier Vanneau

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Morane-Saulnier MS.472 Vanneau (Nose fuselage) (MAE).JPG
Role Two-seat basic trainer
National origin France
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1944
Introduction 1946
Primary user French Air Force
Number built 506

The Morane-Saulnier Vanneau (en: plover) is a two-seat basic trainer built in France by Morane-Saulnier and ordered by the French Air Force.


Designed in Vichy France the MS.470 prototype first flew on 22 December 1944, successful testing leading to an order from the French Air Force of a revised variant the MS.472. The Vanneau was a low-wing cantilever monoplane with a pilot and student in tandem under a long glazed canopy. It had a retractable tailwheel landing gear and the prototype was powered by a 515 kW (690 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12X inline engine.

The production MS.472 was powered by a 425 kW (570 hp) Gnome-Rhône 14M-05 14-cylinder radial engine and first flew on 12 December 1945, with deliveries to the French Air Force starting in December 1946. From December 1947 the French Navy received 70 of the MS.474 variant modified for carrier operations.

A re-engined version the MS.475 was produced from 1950 which had minor differences but was powered by a 641 kW (860 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Y-45 V-12 engine. One MS.475 was modified as the MS.476 with an increase in wing surface area and another MS.475 was fitted with a Renault 12S-02 engine as the MS.477 in 1950. A proposed variant was the MS.478 which was to be fitted with an Isotta Fraschini Delta engine but was not built. One MS.472 was re-engined with a 611 kW (820 hp) SNECMA 14X-04 radial engine in 1952 but development was later stopped. The Vanneau remained in service with the French Air Force and Navy into the late 1960s.


Prototype powered by a 515 kW (690 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12X inline engine, one built.[1]
Proposed variant powered by a Béarn 12B.
MS.472 Vanneau II
Production variant for the French Air Force powered by a 425 kW (570 hp) Gnome-Rhône 14M-05 piston engine; three prototypes and 230 production aircraft built.[2]
MS.474 Vanneau IV
Carrier-capable production variant for the French Navy, powered by a Gnome-Rhône 14M-04; 70 built.[3]
MS.475 Vanneau V
Improved version for the French Air Force powered by a 641 kW (860 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Y-45 V12 engine; 201 built.[4]
One MS.475 modified with increased wing surface.
One MS.475 powered by a 433 kW (580 hp) Renault 12S-02 inline engine.[5]
Projected Isotta Fraschini Delta inline powered variant, not built.
Developed variant powered by a 611 kW (820 hp) SNECMA 14X-04 radial; one converted from a MS.472.[5]



Specifications (MS.475 Vanneau V)[edit]

Data from [6]

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 9.05 m (29 ft 8¼ in)
  • Wingspan: 10.65 m (34 ft 11¼ in)
  • Height: 3.62 m (11 ft 10½ in)
  • Wing area: 17.30 m2 (186.22 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 2,351 kg (5,183 lb)
  • Gross weight: 3,125 kg (6,889 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 12Y-45 V-12 piston engine, 641 kW (860 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 445 km/h (277 mph)
  • Range: 1,500 km (932 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 8500 m (27,885 ft)


  • 2 x MAC 1934 7.5 mm (0.295 in) wing-mounted machine-guns
  • 2 x racks for light bombs

See also[edit]

Related lists


  1. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Morane-Saulnier MS.470" (in French). France: Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  2. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Morane-Saulnier MS-472 'Vanneau'" (in French). France: Aviafrance. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  3. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Morane-Saulnier MS-474 'Vanneau'" (in French). France: Aviafrance. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  4. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Morane-Saulnier MS-475 'Vanneau'" (in French). France: Aviafrance. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  5. ^ a b Taylor (1989), p.687
  6. ^ Orbis 1985, page 2559
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.