Moratalla, Murcia

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Moratalla
Moratalla-vista-general.jpg
Coat of arms of Moratalla
Location in Murcia
Location in Murcia
Moratalla is located in Murcia
Moratalla
Moratalla
Location in Murcia
Moratalla is located in Spain
Moratalla
Moratalla
Location in Spain
Coordinates: Coordinates: 38°11′11″N 1°53′26″W / 38.18639°N 1.89056°W / 38.18639; -1.89056
Country Spain
Autonomous community Region of Murcia
Province Murcia
ComarcaNoroeste
Judicial districtCaravaca de la Cruz
Area
 • Total954.82 km2 (368.66 sq mi)
Elevation
681 m (2,234 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total7,954
 • Density8.3/km2 (22/sq mi)
DemonymMoratalleros
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
30440
WebsiteOfficial website

Moratalla is a small town and the center of a large municipality of the same name in the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia in southeastern Spain. In 2018, the population of Moratalla was 7,944: some 5,600 in the town of Moratalla itself and the rest in districts such as Otos, Benizar, El Sabinar or Casa Requena.[2]

Its main economic resources are tourism and agriculture (apricots, almonds, olives and olive oil, wood, barley).

Geography[edit]

It is chiefly a mountainous and comparatively cool territory (with regard to the region), snow being frequent in the highest zones (Revolcadores, 2,015 m or 6,611 ft) and cold valleys (Campo de San Juan, El Sabinar). It is crossed by minor rivers (Alhárabe, Benamor) which flow into the Segura. There is a main reservoir of the Segura at El Cenajo.[3] Main representatives of the local fauna are wild boars, Spanish Ibex, short-toed eagles and Moorish turtles. Wide portions of the municipality are protected in ZEPAs (Special Protection Areas) or LICs (Site of Community Importance areas).

History[edit]

There are some spots with cave paintings in this current municipality that give of people occupancy during the Prehistory.[4]

There was presence of people during the Bronze Age, and presence of people who belonged to Argaric culture during the late Bronze Age.[5][6]

After the Muslim invasion (711-726), some Berber clans settled in Moratalla.[7]

Moratalla was conquered by the Order of Santiago (a religious military order) in 1212, in the context of Reconquista and the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa.[8]

An own municipality was established for Moratalla in 1245, after the Castilian conquest in Taifa of Murcia, and it split from the municipality Segura de la Sierra (in Jaén province).[8]

Francis, Duke of Cádiz (13 May 1822 – 17 April 1902), king consort of Spain, adopted the incognito title of Count of Moratalla after his exile to France in 1868.

Demographics[edit]

4.25% inhabitants are foreigners – 1.5% are from other countries of Europe, 2.15% are Africans, 36 (0.45%) are Americans and 12 Asian people (0.15%) reside in Moratalla.[9] The table below shows the population trend during 20th and 21st centuries by the beginning of the decades.[10]

1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1981 1991 2001 2011
Population 12,816 13,497 13,477 13,815 15,013 14,136 14,205 10,664 9,374 8,976 8,595 8,305

Economy[edit]

22.3% of the territory is utilised for agriculture purposes[11] and the most widely grown products are the almonds, the barley, the olives, the oats and the lavender.[12] 12.17% agreements were signed for agriculture and fishing jobs, 46.91% were written for jobs in the industry sector, and 35.87% were signed by workers of the service sector.[13]

Main sights[edit]

Moratalla's sights include the Fortress Castle (Spanish: Castillo Fortaleza), home to the "Tribute Tower" (Spanish: La Torre del Homenaje), a military-gothic style building which dates from the 15th century. There is also an Arab castle in Benizar, built in the 12th century.[14]

The Catholic Church of Our Lady of the Asunción (Spanish: Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción) dates from the 16th century). Other churches include Santa Ana or San Francisco and the "House of Christ" (Spanish: La Casa de Cristo), on the mountain, built by the Order of La Merced from the 16th century.[14]

There are two Roman bridges in Moratalla: the Jesus Christ Bridge over the Benámor River, and the Hellin Bridge over the Alhárabe River.[15]

Events[edit]

Holy Week[edit]

During the Holy Week, there is a traditional tamborada, a collective drumming, which can last all day long. In southern Spain, tamboradas are characteristic of Moratalla as well as of Mula (in Murcia) and Hellín and Tobarra (in Albacete). A unique aspect of Moratalla's Holy Week is that every tamborista (drummer) dresses in distinct, handmade robes. Drums are also traditionally handmade.[16]

Fiestas del Santísimo Cristo del Rayo (Holy Thör of the Thunder Celebrations) July 11–17[edit]

This celebration takes place in the streets of Moratalla, in which cows and bulls are set free. People get together into their peñas, placed in the Eldest Street "Calle Mayor", where they enjoy the party. There is also a fair which may be visited every night from 10 to 17 July. It's like an amusement park with many "street-shops" where you can buy some handmade products.[17]

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ "INEbase / Demography and population /Municipal Register. Population by municipality /Nomenclature: Continuous Register Population by Population Unit / Results". Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Cenajo > Embalses > Infraestructuras > Información" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "Historia de Moratalla- Prehistoria - Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Publicación número 14859 del BORM número 246 de 23/01/2013" (in Spanish). 2013-10-23. Retrieved 2020-06-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Publicación número 18337 del BORM número 277 del 01/12/2011" (in Spanish). 2012-12-01. Retrieved 2020-06-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Historia de Moratalla- Edad Media - Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ a b "Historia de Moratalla- Edad Media - Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Moratalla - 5. Evolución de la población según nacionalidad". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish).
  10. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Moratalla - 1. Censos de población. Evolución de la población según sexo". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish).
  11. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Moratalla - 1. Evolución de la distribución general de la tierra". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish).
  12. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Moratalla - 3. Evolución de la superficie dedicada a cada grupo de cultivo". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish). {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  13. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Moratalla - 5. Evolución de los contratos de trabajo registrados según sector de actividad económica. CNAE-2009". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish). {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  14. ^ a b "Monumentos - Moratalla" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-09-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "Puente de Hellín : Official Murcia Region tourist site" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-09-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ "Tamborada (semana Santa de Moratalla) : Official Murcia Region tourist site" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-09-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ "Fiestas del Santísimo Cristo del Rayo. Los encierros de toros en Moratalla - Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-09-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]