Moravian College

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Moravian College
Moravian college logo.jpg
Motto Via Lucis (The Way of Light)
Type Private
Established 1742
Endowment $102 million (2016)[1]
President Bryon L. Grigsby
Administrative staff
123[2]
Undergraduates 2016[2]
Location Bethlehem, PA, US
Campus Suburban and Urban
Colors Blue and Grey          
Nickname Greyhounds
Website www.moravian.edu

Moravian College, a private liberal arts college, and the associated Moravian Theological Seminary are located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States, in the Lehigh Valley region. The College traces its founding to 1742 by Moravians, descendants of followers of the Bohemian Reformation (John Amos Comenius), the 17th century Moravian bishop, though it did not receive a charter to grant baccalaureate degrees until 1863.[3] The most popular majors are Health Sciences, Business, Sociology, Psychology, and Biological Sciences.[4]

History[edit]

Moravian College is sixth oldest college in the United States and the first to educate women, as well as Native Americans in their own language. The College traces its roots to the Bethlehem Female Seminary, which was founded in 1742, as the first boarding school for young women in the U.S. The seminary was created by Benigna, Countess von Zinzendorf, the daughter of Count Nikolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf, who was the benefactor of the fledgling Moravian communities in Nazareth and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The Female Seminary was incorporated by the Pennsylvania State Legislature in 1863 and became the woman's college, the Moravian Seminary and College for Women in 1913.[5]

The College also traces its roots to the founding of two boys' schools, established in 1742 and 1743, which merged to become Nazareth Hall in 1759. It was located in the town of Nazareth. Nazareth Hall became, in part, Moravian College & Theological Seminary in 1807. It was later incorporated by the Pennsylvania State Legislature as "Moravian College & Theological Seminary" in 1863 as a baccalaureate granting institution. Beginning in 1858 and continuing to 1892, the Seminary and College relocated from Nazareth to a former boys’ school on Church Street in Bethlehem, located on the present site of the Bethlehem City Hall.

The men's Moravian College & Theological Seminary then settled in the north end of the city (the present day North Campus) as a result of a donation from the Bethlehem Congregation of the Moravian Church in 1888. The first buildings constructed at North Campus, Comenius Hall and Zinzendorf Hall, were completed in 1892 and joined the property's original brick farmhouse to form the new campus. The farmhouse was later named Hamilton Hall and still exists today.

In 1954, the two schools combined to form the single, coeducational, modern institution of Moravian College. The merger of the two institutions combined the North Campus (the location of the men's College from 1892–1954) and the South Campus (the location of the woman's College) into a single collegiate campus. The distance between the North and South campuses is about 0.8 miles of Main Street, called the "Moravian Mile." First year students traditionally walk the "Moravian Mile" as part of their orientation activities.[6]

Colonial-era college[edit]

Although the college is one of the oldest educational institutions in the United States, it is not considered one of the nine original Colonial Colleges, but rather a colonial-era foundation. Moravian College and Theological Seminary, as well as the Bethlehem Female Seminary did not start granting baccalaureate degrees until 1863.[7]

Overview[edit]

Gate of the South Campus from Main Street

Moravian College currently enrolls approximately 1,700 full-time undergraduate students in a wide variety of majors, all of which are presented in the liberal arts tradition. The Seminary enrolls over 100 full-time students in its graduate divinity programs. During most semesters at least 14 denominations are represented in the Seminary student body. Faith communities most often[clarification needed] represented among the Seminary's students include: Moravian, Lutheran, UCC, Episcopal, United Methodist, Presbyterian, Baptist, Roman Catholic, Quaker, Mennonite, Unitarian Universalist, African Methodist Episcopal, Assembly of God, Brethren, Reformed, and nondenominational. The College's varied and highly regarded music programs grow from the Moravian Church's musical traditions.[8]

Moravian College's student news site is The Comenian, which is published online throughout the school year.[9]

Every year the student body elects representatives to the United Student Government. USG has a Legislature, composed of 16 Senators from the undergraduate body, an Executive, including an elected President and Vice President, appointed cabinet and staff, and a Judiciary, composed of appointed Justices. USG was officially recognized in 1968.[citation needed]

A somewhat unusual[clarification needed] facet of college governance is the existence of two elected student members of Moravian College's Board of Trustees; both are full, voting members and serve two-year terms.[10]

Moravian College awards the following undergraduate and graduate degrees: the Bachelor of Music; the Bachelor of Arts; the Bachelor of Science; the Master of Business Administration; the Master of Education; the Master of Human Resource Management; six Master of Science programs in nursing; the seminary grants Master of Divinity; the Master of Arts in Pastoral Counseling; and the Master of Arts in Theological Studies. The College also has evening undergraduate programs for adults seeking continuing undergraduate education and graduate degrees. The seminary has accreditation from the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada.[11]

Distinctions[edit]

  • Students of the College have received a number of national awards over its history. Between 2000–2007, seven students were selected as Fulbright Scholars. Overall, nine of the College's students have received the Fulbright Scholarship. Between 2000–2007, one student received a Goldwater Scholarship and another was a Rhodes Scholarship finalist.
  • Initially in 2004 and every year thereafter, the College has been selected for inclusion into the Princeton Review's Best 382 Colleges Guide.[citation needed]
  • The Princeton Review ranks Moravian College among the top 13 percent of 4-year colleges in the United States
  • Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings 2017 ranks Moravian College #283 among U.S. colleges and #108 among Northeast U.S. Colleges
  • Bloomberg Business Week has ranked Moravian College among the top 25 percent of U.S. schools for high return on investment
  • Moravian College is among the top 3 percent of colleges and universities for graduate outcomes, according to Educate to career, Inc.
  • Twenty-five percent (25%) of students participate in the College's renowned music program.[citation needed]
  • The College is an All Apple campus, each incoming student receives their own Apple MacBook Pro and Apple iPad which they keep upon graduation
  • The internationally renowned College Choir tours throughout the United States and abroad.[8]
  • The College's accredited Music Institute brings the world’s finest performers to Moravian—who also conduct master classes.[citation needed]
  • Upper class art majors have access to their own studios and advanced computer labs.[12]
  • The College's Amrhein Investment Club has assets in excess of $2 million, has often outperformed professionally managed stock portfolios, and offers students an unusual hands-on investment opportunity.[13]
  • Moravian offers a number of scholarships for high achieving students. Students who rank in the top 5% of their high school class and achieve a score of at least 2150 on the SAT (or 31 on the ACT) are considered for the Comenius Medallion full-tuition Scholarship. Others include the Comenius Scholarship, the Trustee Scholarship, and the Founders Scholarship.[14]
  • Outside of the classroom, Moravian's athletic program has produced a long chain of All-American student athletes in sports ranging from football to nationally ranked women’s softball and track teams.[citation needed]
  • The College offers the following study abroad opportunities: San José, Costa Rica; Oxford, England; Buckingham, England; London, England; Rennes, France; Paris, France; Alcalá, Spain; Alicante, Spain; Seville, Spain; Erfurt, Germany; Rome, Italy; Florence, Italy; Limerick, Ireland; Shanghai, China; Beijing, China; Tokyo, Japan; Hikone, Japan; Tondabayashi, Japan, Hyderabad, India; Jaipur, India; Wollongong, Australia; Macquarie, Australia; Dakar, Senegal; Accra, Ghana; Nairobi, Kenya; Quito, Ecuador; Cordoba, Argentina; Buenos Aires, Argentina.[15]
  • The College's SOAR Program (Student Opportunities for Academic Research) provides stipends, travel allowances, and expenses for students engaged in research or creative activities through close interaction with a faculty mentor. The program helps Moravian students gain a better understanding of scholarship in their discipline, and fosters scholar-colleague relationships. SOAR stipends can be as high as $3,000 for summer work.[16]
  • The College's Independent Study program allows students to delve deeply into areas of personal interest with the support of senior-faculty members—an unusual opportunity at the undergraduate level.[citation needed]
  • Established in 1960, the College's Honors Program provides qualified seniors the opportunity to pursue a yearlong intensive study of a subject of special interest.[17]
  • The College specifically promotes student and faculty research collaboration. Students and professors work together well—and often—at Moravian. Student-faculty research projects have included a habitat analysis of the nearby Monocacy Creek, robotic software development, and a study of cognitive changes following stroke-prevention surgery.[citation needed]
  • The College is a Member of the Lehigh Valley Association of Independent Colleges (LVAIC); members include Muhlenberg College, Lafayette College, Lehigh University, Cedar Crest College, and DeSales University; students from each institution can take classes in each other member institution and can take courses in programs offered at other institutions not offered at Moravian, such as architecture.[18]
  • Approximately twenty percent of graduates attend graduate school.[citation needed]
  • Because Bethlehem, Pennsylvania and Tondabayashi, Japan have been sister cities for over half a century, Moravian College and Osaka Ohtani University (大阪大谷大学) also established a partnership.[19] Each spring, several Japanese students come to Moravian for two weeks to take a class about the American education system. These students are hosted by Moravian students and enjoy trips to New York City and Philadelphia. During May and June 2010, the first two Moravian students studied at Osaka Ohtani University.[20]

Moravian College has been named one of the Best 382 colleges in the nation by The Princeton Review.

Campus[edit]

The College's programs are offered at four locations, known as the Main Street Campus (North Campus), the Priscilla Payne Hurd Campus (South Campus), the Steel Field Complex, and the Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Center.

Priscilla Payne Hurd Campus[edit]

Art and music programs are offered in Bethlehem's historic district on the college's Priscilla Payne Hurd Campus, also known as the South Campus. Many of the buildings on that campus were built during the colonial period, including the Brethren's House, built in 1748, which served as a hospital during the Revolutionary War, and currently houses the Music Department. Also located on Priscilla Payne Campus are the President's House, Main Hall (1854), the Widow's House, Clewell Hall, West Hall, South Hall, the 1867 Chapel, Clewell Dining Hall, and the Central Moravian Church. A number of the buildings are connected. The facilities have been renovated to include Payne Gallery (renovated from the original women's gymnasium – 1903), the College's two-level art gallery that offers several shows each year, and Foy Concert Hall. Also located on the Priscilla Payne Hurd Campus are Peter Hall, a medium-sized colonial style recital hall, Hearst Hall, a small colonial style recital hall, and individual student rehearsal rooms and art studios. The College presents the nationally-renowned Christmas Vespers services in the Central Moravian Church, located on the corner of Main and Church streets across from Brethren's House. Many of the buildings on the Priscilla Payne Hurd Campus are located in a National Register of Historic Places District and Church Street has been referred to as one of the most historic streets in America.

In the 2009–2010 school year, Moravian College added a new living complex on the Priscilla Payne Hurd Campus called The HILL. Each floor has suites, where four to sixteen people can live. The complex has classrooms, a cafe, a fitness room, a mail room, and common rooms. The HILL is air conditioned and fully handicap accessible. The suites themselves contain a living room, full kitchen, private bathroom, and additional hallway sinks. A shuttle service is provided for easy transportation between the North and South campuses.

Main Street Campus[edit]

Initially gifted in 1888 and settled in 1892, the North Campus is also known as the Main Street campus, as it is physically larger and is the site of the majority of the College's buildings, academic departments, administration, and student residences. The main building of the Main Street Campus is Comenius Hall, which was built in 1892 and is named for John Amos Comenius, the last bishop of Unity of the Brethren, known as the "father of modern education" for his revolutionary educational principles. Comenius wrote in 1632 that "not the children of the rich or of the powerful only, but of all alike, boys and girls, both noble and ignoble, rich and poor, in all cities and towns, villages and hamlets, should be sent to school". The Moravians had considered schools secondary in importance only to churches. A statue of Comenius, which was a gift to the College from Charles University of Prague and the Moravian Church of Czechoslovakia, stands in front of Comenius Hall. The Main Street Campus is also the location of Reeves Library, Priscilla Payne Hurd Academic Complex, Colonial Hall, The Bahnson Center, the Moravian Archives, Zinzendorf Hall, Borhek Chapel, Prosser Auditorium (capacity 300), Monacacy Hall, Collier Hall of Science, Hamilton Hall, Memorial Hall, Johnston Hall (capacity 1,600 for athletics, 3,000 for events), the Timothy M. Breidegam Athletic and Recreation Center, the Collier Hall of Science, the Haupert Union Building, the Arena Theatre, and most of the College's student housing, including dorms, townhouses, and apartments.

In 2016 John Makuvek Field was installed and opened behind the Haupert Union Building. John Makuvek Field is a synthetic turf field that is home to the Greyhounds' field hockey, men's and women's lacrosse and men's and women's soccer teams. The field is named for John Makuvek, who retired in 1996 after four years as athletics director and in 2010 after 43 years as head golf coach. The field is located at the center of campus with views from the residential halls, Reeves Library, and the portico of the Haupert Union Building.

In 2017 the Sally Breidegam Miksiewicz Center for Health Sciences was opened at 1107 Main Street. The facility is a 55,000 square-foot, state-of-the-art facility hosting classes for both undergraduate and graduate programs, including nursing, informatics, and the health sciences and features the region's only virtual cadaver lab. The building is named in honor of former Moravian College trustee Sally Breidegam Miksiewicz.

Also located on the Main Street Campus is the Betty Prince field hockey field.

Steel Field Complex[edit]

Most of the College's athletic fields are located at this Complex, including the football stadium with a grandstand capacity of 2,400 and Sportexe turf field, eight lane Mondo Super X Performance synthetic track, the softball field, the Gillespie baseball field, the Hoffman tennis courts, the football practice fields, and a fieldhouse.

Steel Field and its brick grandstand were originally built by Bethlehem Steel to host the Bethlehem Steel Football Club, 1913-1930. In 1925, Lehigh University purchased Steel Field from Bethlehem Steel.[21] The Bethlehem Steel Soccer Club continued to use the field until its demise. In 1962, Lehigh sold the facility to Moravian College.[22]

Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Center[edit]

In 2016 the Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Center opened at 1441 Schoenersville Road, across from Betty Prince Field. The 43,000+ square-foot building is the home of the College’s Master of Science in Athletic Training program, Doctor of Athletic Training (DAT), as well as the future Master of Science in Occupational Therapy, Master of Science in Speech-Language Pathology, and Doctor of Physical Therapy programs — positioning Moravian College as one of just three liberal arts colleges in the country to house these programs under one roof. 10,000 square feet of the building is designated for St. Luke’s University Health Network, where their providers rehabilitate area athletes and community members with cutting-edge equipment, including an anti-gravity treadmill. The facility includes six research labs, student collaboration areas, a distance- learning classroom and 14 faculty offices.

Athletics[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Alumni
Trustees

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Moravian College: FINANCIAL REPORT 2015-2016
  2. ^ a b Moravian College: Quick Facts
  3. ^ Moravian College History Archived 2011-06-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Moravian College – Overview, U.S. News
  5. ^ College History Archived 2011-06-14 at the Wayback Machine. Moravian College
  6. ^ Freshmen to Walk the Moravian Mile on August 27 Moravian College, August 16, 2005
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  8. ^ a b "History". Moravian College Music Department. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2016. 
  9. ^ The Comenian – Moravian College's Student Newspaper
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Accreditation Moravian Theological Seminary
  12. ^ "Moravian College Art Department". Moravian College. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "Amrhein Investment Club". Moravian College. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ "International Studies". Moravian College. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  16. ^ "Student Opportunities for Academic Research". Moravian College. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ "Home". lvaic.org. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  19. ^ モラビアン教育研修】の参加募集開始日程について Osaka Ohtani University, 2009
  20. ^ Campus Life No. 60
  21. ^ Willard Ross Yates Lehigh University: a history of education in engineering, business, and the human condition Lehigh University Press, 1992, p. 145 ISBN 978-0-934223-17-1
  22. ^ Willard Ross Yates Lehigh University: a history of education in engineering, business, and the human condition Lehigh University Press, 1992, p. 218 ISBN 978-0-934223-17-1
  23. ^ Stanley, Tim. "Mildred Ladner Thompson 1918–2013: Former Tulsa World columnist witnessed history". Tulsa World. 2013-07-07. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°37.81′N 75°22.90′W / 40.63017°N 75.38167°W / 40.63017; -75.38167