Delaware Nation at Monroviantown

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Moravian 47
Indian reserve
Moravian 47 Indian Reserve
Skyline of Moravian 47
Moravian 47 is located in Southern Ontario
Moravian 47
Moravian 47
Coordinates: 42°34′N 81°53′W / 42.567°N 81.883°W / 42.567; -81.883Coordinates: 42°34′N 81°53′W / 42.567°N 81.883°W / 42.567; -81.883
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Kent
First Nation Delaware Nation at Monroviantown
Area[1]
 • Land 12.61 km2 (4.87 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 404
 • Density 32.0/km2 (83/sq mi)
Website delawarenation.on.ca

Moravian 47 is an Indian reserve located in Chatham-Kent Ontario with an area of 13 km². It is occupied by the Delaware Nation at Monroviantown First Nation, a part of the Munsee branch of the Lenape, and is commonly known as Moravian of the Thames reserve. The resident registered population is 457, with another 587 band members living off the reserve.

Following the Gnadenhutten massacre near present day Gnadenhutten, Ohio, on March 8, 1782, a group of surviving Christian Munsees left that area led by Moravian missionary David Zeisberger, eventually reestablishing their community in what is today southern Ontario Canada.[2] At first temporarily settling near present day Amherstburg, Ontario, in 1792, Zeisberger obtained permission from the British colonial authorities for the community to inhabit a site on the Thames River, near where it is located today. The site of the Battle of the Thames during the War of 1812, in which the Shawnee leader Tecumseh was killed by invading American forces, is nearby the community. Following the battle, before leaving the area, the entire community was burned to the ground by American cavalry. It was later rebuilt on the south side of the Thames in its present location.[3] For information about other Munsee Lenape band governments, see Munsee-Delaware Nation and Six Nations of the Grand River First Nation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Moravian 47 census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "The Moraviantown Delaware Nation". Lenape-Delaware History. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  3. ^ "David Zeisberger bio". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved 2008-08-13.